高中英文寫作教學與測驗
尤雪瑛
國立政治大學英文系
壹﹑大學入學考試
一﹑英寫測驗目標
二﹑英寫測驗題型
三﹑英寫評分指標
四﹑佳作範例
貳﹑高中英文寫作教學
一﹑寫作過程
二﹑統一性
三﹑連貫性
一、英寫測驗目標
1 ) 文意內容發展
2 ) 篇章結構(轉折詞、虛詞)
3)句法能力
4)詞彙能力(構詞、語意、搭配詞)
5)標點符號
二、英寫測驗題型
1)簡函寫作
2)主題寫作
3 ) 看圖作文
4 ) 主題句寫作
三、英寫評分指標
四、佳作範例
內容
組織
文法句構
詞彙拼字
體例
一、寫作過程
1)啟發思考,收集內容
2)整理重點,編排結構
3)將抽象思考轉換成具體
文字,中文轉換成英文
4 ) 修改內容,修訂文字句型
Traffic getting to the theater
Line at box office
Might see old boyfriend
Too many people
Moviegoing
Temptations
Choclate bars
Noisy people
Popcorn
Teenagers
Yelling
Showing off
Adults
Telling plot
Coughing and sneezing
Langan, 2000. p.29
二、統一性 (unity)
All the sentences relate to the main
idea and develop the idea by
providing supporting details.
1Unlike
most teenagers, I don’t go to movie
theaters to watch movies. 2I prefer staying
home and watching movies shown on the TV.
3Recently, I saw the movie “Troy” on HBO.
4I’ve craved to watch the movie since it came
out, but I’ve never had the chance to watch it.
5Finally, the time has come. 6The movie is
about a war against different nations in the
ancient times.…
1Beryl
is not as shy and quiet as I think
(thought) at the first sight. 2She always smiles
friendly with eyes blinking and invites you to
watch action movie. 3In fact, her favorite
theme of movies is gun-fighting. 4She also
enjoy watching baseball games and cheering
up for her team. 5When her team wins, she will
jump up and scream loudly just like a kid. 6….
三、連貫性 (coherence)
All the sentences are connected to
neighboring sentences and
represent ideas logically.
a. Once in a while, a pretty girl appears in my
dreams.... At that moment, we belonged to
each other, and we lived in our own world.
Suddenly, a ray of sunrise is falling on my
face and carrying my pretty girl away.
b. Opening the door, I was rushing to the
party in a pleasant mood.
a. The ways men and women face problems are
totally different. Men always try to figure out the
problems by themselves. Women will express
their emotions by telling others what the problems
are. Not understanding the way the opposite sex
function will result in a big conflict. As far as I
am concerned, I not only try to solve the problem
but also talk to friends or parents when coping
with stress. I think we men can learn more from
women about how to cope with problems. It
really works and is a good way to know the
opposite sex. All we need is just to communicate
in a gentle way. Only by doing this can we find
peace.
b. After I read “MEN GO TO THEIR CAVES AND
WOMEN TALK,” I realized why men and women
often have conflicts: they don’t understand each
other well enough. Women don’t know that when
men face a problem, they need some time and
space to think about it “alone.” And men don’t
know that women need a good listener when they
have a problem. Men and women are different
types of people. Unless they understand each
other, they will argue forever. More, I learn an
important thing from women: just speak out.
Every time I have a problem or confusion, I just
go to my good friends and talk to them, discuss
with them. Even if I don’t find any solution, I will
feel better. This will help me get more help from
other people instead of being alone wasting my
time.
Textual Relationships
General-examples Cause-effect
General-specifics Group-members
Problem-solution Claim-counterclaim
Question-answer Time sequence
Advertising is big business. It is such a
profitable business that the cost of
advertising a product is often more than the
cost of making it. For example, a box of
cereal costs three to four dollars. However,
the grain only costs about 10 cents, the
packaging costs about 90 cents and much of
other two or three dollars pays for
advertising. How many cans of soda did the
PepsiCo have to sell in order to pay for one
Michael Jackson television commercial?
About 192,307, 692!
Download

高中英文寫作教學與測驗