Social Studies 8
Chapter 5
General Outcome:
Through and examination of Japan, students
will demonstrate an understanding and
appreciation of the way in which beliefs,
values and knowledge shape worldviews and
contribute to a society’s isolation and
adaptation.
Chapter 5 outcomes (things you
need to know)
As a class we are going to analyze the effects that rapid
adaptation had on traditionally isolated Japan during the Meiji
period by exploring and reflecting upon the following
questions and issues:
What were the motivations for the radical changes
in Japan’s model of organization during the Meiji
period?
How did Japan adapt to changes brought on by
the transition from feudal to modern models of
organization?
How did the changes resulting from adaptation
affect Japan economically, politically and socially
during the Meiji period?
Personal Glossary
Take the next 10-15 minutes to
complete the glossary for chapter 5
Welcome to Meiji Japan
Read the chapter title (page 164)
Based on the photographs and the
timeline on page 124, what is Meiji
Japan?
Foreign Influences
Read the chapter title page 166
What does the term influence mean?
Why was Japan concerned about
outside influences?
What foreign influences were going to
cause the biggest threats? –skim
pages 166-173
Foreign influences outside Japan
England was setting up colonies in China
Russia had colonies in the North Pacific,
stretching to Alaska
Holland colonized Indonesia
France colonized Southeast Asia, including
Vietnam and Laos
Spain controlled the Philippines
Portugal set up the colony of Macau
The United States was moving in
Cause and effect chart
Using pages 166-167 as an example,
create a cause-and-effect chart
together as a class.
Cause= the action of Russia
Effect= Japan’s response to that
action
Read the next three influences
(Europe, China, and USA) on your
own, and create a cause-and-effect
chart. (pages 168-172)
Commodore Perry
Read the
biography on page
173
How would Perry’s
worldview have
been different than
the Japanese
leaders that he
encountered?
What would they
have thought of
him?
What Made Japan Change To A
Modern Country?
Russians began to
build outposts on
the Kuril Islands
and introduce
Christianity to the
Ainu.
The Russians were
eventually forced to
leave by the
Japanese.
What Made Japan Change To A
Modern Country?
European influence,
through the Dutch
East India Company,
convinced the
Japanese they
needed to learn more
about Western
civilization.
They imported and
translated books
about western
history, institutions,
military and science.
What Made Japan Change To A
Modern Country?
In 1842, Japan learned
that the powerful country
of China had lost its
independence to the
European nation of Great
Britain.
The Japanese were now
afraid they might also
lose their independence
if they did begin trading
with the western nations.
At this time the United
States was looking to
open coal stations for its
ships along the
Japanese coast.
Commodore Mathew Perry
By 1854 the United
States Navy, the U.S
navy sent a fleet if large
ships, led by
Commodore Perry
The U.S. pressured the
Japanese to open ports
and trade with the
Americans.
Eventually, trade
agreements were also
made with a number of
other European
countries.
Japan could no longer
isolate itself from the
world.
Influential Japanese
Read page 174 and the top of 175
Describe their influence on Japanese ideas
and values?
Possible responses to foreign influences
Read pages 177
Make a T chart to
compare the key
arguments of the two
sides. Do they agree
on some points? Is
there room for
compromise?
DISCUSS: do these
two people have
different worldviews or
just different opinions?
Civil Unrest (T-P-S)
Read page 178-179
Think- Individually, list the different ways that
citizens can show the government that change is
needed
Pair- In pairs, combine your answers into two listsPeaceful protests and non-peaceful protests
Share- why did the people of Japan resort to riots?
What other strategies could they have tried? Can
violent protests be justified?
Answer Question #1a-b, page 179
Question #1a and b
1a. Civil unrest before Meiji period:
Early Japanese history – daimyo constantly at war
with each other
conflicts between the daimyo and the bakufu over
restrictions placed on daimyo
conflicts between the farmers and peasants
against the daimyo
conflict between those who supported isolationist
policies and those who did not
conflict between those who supported the shogun
and those who supported the return of an imperial
government
Question #1a and b
Response to civil unrest
Review the external and internal
influences on Japan and predict what
will happen
Read page 180-181
What three key things did happen?
Perspectives
Imagine and emphasize with the
people involved. What do you think
these people felt and thought about
the situation.
The last shogun
The young emperor
The organizers of the takeover
The samurai
The common people
Creation story
Read the creation story about the
Japanese emperor.
Know of any other creation stories?
How did this story help authorities
resolve conflicts?
New Ideas
Re-read the 5th statement in the
charter oath
Make a prediction as to how Japan is
going to accomplish this goal
Read “Same time, Different place”
page 183 to identify some of the ideas
and technologies Japan was about to
discover in the world.
New Leaders
Please read page 185-186
Compare the ideas and actions of the
new leaders to their predecessors.
How were their goals different or the
same?
How might the people have thought
about the new leaders?
Iwakura Mission
Read page 185
What ideas do you think they will
come across as they travel the world?
Read page 186-187
DISCUSS: how might the Iwakura
mission be different from a mission
nowadays?
Conclusion
Please read page 188
Use your cause and effect charts to
create a cause and effect timeline
with construction paper (to identify
different countries) and poster board
See examples!
Assessment
Chapter 4-5 test tomorrow!
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Chapter 5 - Lamont High