U.S. History
Chapter 2 – Revolution and the Early Republic
2-1 Colonial Resistance and Rebellion
Declaration of Independence
3 minutes
Colonial Resistance and Rebellion
CA Standards:
11.1.1 Describe the Enlightenment
and the rise of democratic ideas
as the context in which the nation
was founded.
11.1.2 Analyze the ideological
origins of the American Revolution
• Summarize colonial resistance to British taxation
• Trace the mounting tension in Massachusetts
• Examine efforts made to avoid war between the colonies and the
• Summarize the historical background of the Declaration of
Write definition of terms & names found on
page 17 in workbook and page 58 of textbook
Valley Forge
Marquis de Lafayette
Charles Cornwallis
Treaty of Paris
Read pages 58-65
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st
Prepare for Open notebook Quiz
Colonial Resistance &
Main Idea
Conflicts between Great Britain and the American
colonies escalated, until the colonists finally declared
their independence
Colonial Resistance &
Why It Matters Now
The ideas put forth by the colonists in the Declaration of
Independence remain the guiding principles of the
United States today.
Colonial Resistance &
Terms & Names page 46
King George III
John Locke
Sugar Act
Common Sense
Stamp Act
Thomas Jefferson
Samuel Adams
Boston Massacre
Boston Tea Party
Declaration of Independence
Notes: 2-1Guided Reading
Colonial Resistance & Rebellion
Read Pages 15 & 16
Reading Study Guide
Notes: 2-1Guided Reading
1. How did the colonists respond to new taxes?
Colonial assemblies protested; Merchants
and Samuel Adams organized boycotts of
British goods.
Notes: 2-1Guided Reading
2. How did Britain try to punish Boston for its protests?
The British declared martial law in Boston to
punish the city for its protests
Notes: 2-1Guided Reading
3. What actions did the colonies take to prepare for war?
Some New Englanders became minutemen & stored
The 2nd Continental Congress formed the Continental
Army and named George Washington to be the General.
Notes: 2-1Guided Reading
4. What ideas of John Locke did Thomas Jefferson put in
the Declaration of Independence?
Jefferson used Locke’s idea that
people have the right to life and
John Locke
 John Locke - English philosopher
 People have natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
 Every society is based on a social contract – an
agreement in which the people consent to choose &
obey a government so long as it safeguards their
natural rights.
 If the government violates that social contract by taking
away those rights – the people have the right to resist
and even overthrow the government
Common Sense
 Thomas Paine wrote the pamphlet Common Sense
 Very popular among the colonists.
 Paine stated that independence would allow America to
trade more freely.
 It would give colonists the chance to create a better
society – free from tyranny.
 A society with equal social and economic opportunities
for all.
 Pamphlet convinced many colonists to want
Declaration of Independence
14 minutes
Be prepared for open
notebook quiz