UCLA, Winter 2003
Lesson 17
Telling Time
(Pagsasabi ng Oras)
By: George Aguila & Christine Raymundo
How to ask “What time is it?”
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2 different ways to ask
1) Anong oras na? [What time is it?]
2) Alas (Spanish number) na ba?
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Example: Alas tres na ba? [Is it 3 oclock yet?]
How to respond to the question..
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So if someone asks “Anong oras na?”
Use the following Syntax:
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Ala(s) + (Spanish number) + na.
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Examples:
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Alas tres na. [Three o’clock.]
Ala una na. [One o’clock.]
Alas otso na. Di-ba? [Eight o’clock. Right?]
Spanish Time Chart
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1:00 ala una
2:00 alas dos
3:00 alas tres
4:00 alas kuwatro
5:00 alas singko
6:00 alas sais
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7:00 alas siyete
8:00 alas otso
9:00 alas nuwebe
10:00 alas diyes
11:00 alas onse
12:00 alas dose
What if it’s AM or PM?
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Tagalog/Filipino is a confusing language
Recall words that express time such as:
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UMAGA
TANGHALI
HAPON
GABI
MADALING ARAW
Don’t you wish there was a word for “AM” and “PM” in
Filipino? Well there is n.u. –ng umaga and n.g.- ng gabi
but you still have to use the different time expressions.…
What if it’s AM or PM? Cont….
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A more complete answer is:
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Ala(s) + (Spanish number) + NG + (time expression)
Examples:
Alas dos ng madaling-araw. [2:00am]
 Ala una ng hapon.
[1:00pm]
 Alas siyete ng gabi. [7:00pm]
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What if its not exactly on the
hour? Cont……
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Then you’re in trouble!
No seriously it’s a li’l more tricky
1st - Some important vocabulary to note:
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y medya = and half
Menos = minus, less
Menos kinse para ala una = 15 minutes before
one o’clock
More Vocabulary before we
continue..
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13 – trese
14 – katorse
15 – kinse
16 – disisais
17 – disisiyete
18 – disiotso
19 – disinuwebe
20 - beynte
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21 – beynte-uno
22 – beynte-dos
23 – beynte-tres
30 – trenta
31 – trentay-uno
32 – trentay-dos
40 - kuwarenta
What if it’s not exactly on the
hour? (The Answer.)
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Examples
2:30  Alas dos y media.
 5:30  Alas singko y media.
 10:37  Alas diyes trentay-sais.
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But what about 3:45? Or 6:53?
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“Menos RULE”:
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IF the time is over 40min then, subtract 60 - (time) = (a
number between 4-20)
Menos + Spanish number (4-20) + para + time its
gonna be
 Example: 5:47am
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Menos trese para alas sais ng umaga.
So how do I say…
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8:15pm
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10:43am
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Menos disisiyete para alas onse ng umaga
Alas diyes kuwarentay tres
6:21pm
 Alas sais beynte-uno ng gabi
12:29am
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Alas otso kinse ng hapon
Alas dose y beynte-nuwebe ng hatinggabi
5:45:pm
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Menos kuwarto para alas sais ng gabi.
Menos kinse para alas sais ng gabi.
Adverbial Particles: na, pa
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Na:
It signifies a completed action
 Translates to already
 ex: May alas dose na ba? ‘Is it 12:00 o’clock
now/yet’?
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Pa
It signifies an incompleted action
 Translates to still or yet
 ex: Hindi pa.
‘Not yet. .’
 ex: Kanina pa.
‘sometime ago’ or ‘a while back’
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Adverbial Particles: na, pa Vocabulary
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Tanghali na - already (timewise); it’s late
Maaga pa - early yet
Huli na - late already
Pasado na - past already
Malapit na - close/near
Kanina pa - sometime ago
Talking about time Schedules
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How to say “What time is our English?
class?” in Tagalog/Filipino.
Anong oras ang klase sa Ingles? [What time is
our English class?]
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So the pattern is:
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Anong oras + ang + subject
The subject could be Science (Agham),
Math (Matematika), Psychology
(Sikolohiya) etc….
Tagalog Time Chart
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1:00 ika-isa
2:00 ikalawa
3:00 ikatlo
4:00 ika-apat
5:00 ika-lima
6:00 ika-anim
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7:00 ika-pito
8:00 ika-walo
9:00 ika-siyam
10:00 ika-sampu
11:00 ika-labing-isa
12:00 ika-labindalawa
How to respond to the question
using Tagalog/Filipino numerals..
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Pretty much the same as Spanish
If someone asks “Anong oras na?”
Syntax:
 ika + (Tagalog number)
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Examples:
 Ika-isa. [One o’clock.]
 Ikatlo. [Three o’clock.]
 Ika-labing-isa. [Eleven o’clock]
Putting it all together..
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So far you’ve learned:
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how to say the Spanish number (una, dos)
add the time of day (umaga, tanghali, hapon,
madaling-araw)
talk about a subject (class)
Lets make a complicated sentence!
Tuwing Sabado, | alas diyes y media ng
umaga| ang klase ko | sa Agham.
Every Saturday, my class in Science is 10 a.m.
How would you say…
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We are going to play basketball at 3:59pm.
Maglalaro tayo ng basketbol mamayang alas kuwatro ng
hapon.
Can I meet you later at 7pm?
Pwede ba tayong magkita mamayang alas siyete.?
I have a meeting to go to at 11:37 tonight.
Meron akong miting na pupuntahan mamayang alas onse
trentay siyete ngayong gabi.
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Are you going to be there at 4:30pm?
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Pupunta ka ba ngayong alas kuwatro y medya ng hapon?
HOPE YOU LEARNED SOMETHING!
Edited by Tita Pambid
Tapos.
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Lesson 17