佳作赏析
应用文——演讲稿
(2010·江苏高考)
假设你应邀参加学校组织的“英语学习师生座谈会”,
请你根据下表所提示的信息,用英语写一篇发言稿,简
单介绍自己英语学习的情况,并对学校今后的英语教学
提出建议。
1.英语学习的目的;
自己英语学习的
情况
2.英语学习的方法;
3.课外自学的途径;
………
对学校英语教学
的建议
(请考生根据自己的经历与感想,提出两
至三点建议。)
注意:1.对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。
2.词数150左右。开头和结尾已经写好,不计入总词数。
Dear teachers and schoolmates. It’s a great pleasure for me
to be here today and share my experience of learning English
with you.___________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
Thank you for listening.
1.话题特点:
(1)这篇书面表达的题材是演讲稿,其实质是应用文。高
考的应用文的形式有许多种,如:书信、便条、日记、通
知(分口头通知和书面通知)、演讲稿、招聘启示、 广告等。
(2)演讲稿要求以谈话的形式把演讲者的观点说出来,需
要注意的是开头的导入语和结尾的结束语的使用。在演讲
过程中可以引用一些历史事实和现存数据,让支持自己观
点的论据充实而有力。尤其注意方法的使用:如多提些问
题让听众跟着你的思路去思考。
2.学生要写好这类文章需注意:
(1)提出自己的演讲主题,即学习英语的重要性和即将与大
家谈论的学习英语的一些体验。
(2)谈一些自己和一些同学对学习英语的经历和体会,如关
于听力、词汇、语法学习的一些感受。
(3)提出自己学习英语的一些建议。
3.常用的句式表达:
(1)第一段开头是与大家见面并提出主题,然后谈自己的体
验和感受。
Good morning/afternoon;Dear...;Hello,everyone...I’m
delighted to...;It’s a great pleasure for me to...;I feel it honoured
to be invited...;I’d like to share...with...
As is known to us all;As everyone knows,...
after all;what’s more;what’s worse;besides;in addition...
(2)第二段是作者即演讲者谈自己的看法和建议。
In my opinion;Personally speaking;On my part...; As far as I am
concerned...;From my point of view...;I think...
Firstly/First of all/To begin with;Secondly;Thirdly;Finally/Last
but not least
(3)最后是结束语。
Thank you.
Thank you for your listening. Would you/anyone like to...?
Dear teachers and schoolmates. It’s a great pleasure for me to
be here today and share my experience of learning English with
you. I’m interested in English,and hope to be an interpreter in the
future. Naturally it’s very important for me to learn English well.
As everybody knows,vocabulary is an important part of language,
just like bricks in a building. I usually memorize twenty new words
a day and put them to good use whenever possible. After class,I
often listen to English programmes on TV and on the radio. Besides,
I’ve learned a lot from the Internet and other sources.
Now,I’d like to make some suggestions on English teaching
and learning in our school. Firstly,we should be given more
opportunities to use what we’ve learned in order to have a better
grasp of it. Secondly,I hope our teachers can recommend more
interesting books and magazines and give us more free time to
read them. Finally,I suggest we have more English activities,
such as English contests and festivals.
Thank you for listening.
本文能够把演讲这种文章体裁的形式和提示的内容做到有
机结合,是一篇主体内容突出,语言运用得当的应用文。
文章注意连接词的应用,使文章结构严谨,浑然一体。
(1)短语类:share...with...,be interested in,put...to good use,
learn...from...,make suggestions on...,in order to do
(2)句子类:
名词性从句:....to use what we’ve learnt...
I hope our teachers can recommend more...
定语从句:As everybody knows,...
状语从句:...whenever possible
其他句式(it作形式主语):It’s a great pleasure for me to be
here...
It’ s very important for me to learn English well.
(3)过渡语:Naturally...,Besides,...,Firstly...,Secondly...
习作过关
你校拟举办一次“快乐生活,快乐学习”的英语
演讲比赛。请你根据下列要求写一篇演讲稿。
1.快乐生活,快乐学习的重要性。
2.如何才能做到快乐生活,快乐学习?
注意:1.字数150字左右。
2.可以增加细节以使文章连贯。
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
【参考范文】
Hello,everyone. I’m very delighted to have the opportunity to
speak here. As is known to us all,it is very important to study and live
happily. There are many advantages for this. Firstly,it will be of benefit
to our study,because we can remember anything clearly in a good mood.
Secondly,it also does good to our body. Therefore,whoever feels
happy with his life must be healthy. Then what should we do?
The first thing we can do is that we should learn to adjust our mood
so that we can always keep our spirits up. The second thing we must do is
that we should get along well with others and learn to respect each other.
The third thing that we should do is that we have to learn to balance our
study time and our leisure time. In conclusion,only if all of us live in
harmony with each other can we achieve true happiness and reach our
goals in the end,then our life will be full of sunshine and our study will
be becoming better and better. Thank you for listening.