Bell Ringer • What does that song mean to you? Definition: Example: The Short Story A short story is a short piece of fiction Learn the elements of short stories through the movie Megamind. Setting • Setting is the time and place of the story’s action. Setting includes ideas, customs, values, and beliefs. The setting in Megamind • The story takes place in the present day in a city much like New York, called Metrocity.. Characters • Characters are the actors in a story’s plot. They can be people, animals, or whatever the writer chooses. • The protagonist is the main character. • The antagonist is the person in conflict with the main character. Not all stories have antagonists. Characters in Megamind Megamind Roxanne Ritchi Minion Hal/Tighten Metro Man • Protagonist: • Antagonist: Megamind Hal/Tighten Point of View • Point of view refers to the relationship of the narrator, or storyteller, to the story. • In first-person point of view, the narrator is a character in the story, referred to as “I.” • In third-person limited point of view, the narrator reveals the thoughts of only one character, referring to that character as “he” or “she.” • In third-person omniscient point of view, the narrator knows everything about the story’s events and reveals the thoughts of all the characters. Megamind is told through The first-person point of view. Tone & Mood • Tone is the author’s own attitude toward the subject. • Mood is the emotion the author wanted the readers to feel while reading about the subject. (Sets an atmosphere) • Example: The screen-writers write Megamind in a sympathetic and humorous tone. The tone helps create a encouraging and exciting atmosphere. (Mood) Theme • Theme is the central idea or message of a story, often a perception about life or human nature. • Stated themes are directly presented in a story. • Implied themes must be inferred by considering all the elements of a story and asking what message about life is conveyed. • The theme of Megamind is… implied. The audience can infer the message that sometimes the people we see as “bad guys” are actually misunderstood and can surprise you with the good they can do if given a chance! Plot • Plot is the sequence of events in a story. Each event causes or leads to the next. Plot is often created through conflict, a struggle between opposing forces. • An external conflict is one between a character and an outside force, such as another character, nature, society, or fate. • An internal conflict takes place within the mind of a character who is torn between opposing feelings or between different courses of action. Problem and Conflict in Megamind • Problem: Megamind wants a new “hero” to contend with after defeating his arch-enemy, but ends up creating a worse villain than himself. • Conflict: The conflict is external—Megamind versus Hal/Tighten. • Problem 2: Megamind feels like he has to be “bad” in order to find his place, but he is actually a good person (or alien). • Conflict 2: This conflict is internal—Megamind versus himself. A struggle within himself. Types of Conflict • Conflict is generally categorized in the following ways: – Man versus Man: this is an external struggle between two characters – Man versus Society: this is an external struggle between a character and a social force or condition produced by society, such as poverty, political revolution, or a set of values – Man versus Nature: this is an external struggle between a character and some natural obstacle or natural condition – Man versus Self: this is an internal struggle within a character, where aspects of his or her personality may struggle for dominance. These aspects may be emotional, intellectual, or moral. The Five Stages of Plot • Exposition introduces the story’s characters, setting, and conflict. • Rising action occurs as complications, twists, or intensifications of the conflict occur. • Climax is the emotional high point of the story. • Falling action is the logical result of the climax. • Resolution presents the final outcome of the story. The 5 Stages of plot in Megamind Megamind Megamind shows up dressed as the hero to fight for and save the city instead of destroy it as a villain typically does. They begin to train begins to their newly created realize being “hero”. a villain without a Megamind is raised He grows up to be hero to fight by criminals and is left out and made to MetroMan’s is boring. Hal/Tighten feel like he doesn’t enemy. begins to fit in with “good” misbehave kids and people. and turns on Megamind Megamind and Minion and the city. come up with a plan. He finally defeats MetroMan and takes over the city. He saves the city and proves himself to Roxanne Everyone starts to accept him as a good person. Ticket out the door: • Using your notes give me an example of both tone and mood from another story.