Lesson Two
Say What You Mean and
Mean What You Say
Grammar in Use (P.34-38)
N + who/which/that + be Vpp... → N + Vpp...
•
•
限定用法的關係子句:關代與be動詞可省略
省略後形成過去分詞片語,修飾前面的名詞
1. I have a French friend.
The friend is named Louis.
→ I have a French friend who/that is named Louis.
→ I have a French friend named Louis.
N + who/which/that + be Vpp... → N + Vpp...
2. The cup was expensive.
The cup was broken by Tommy.
→ The cup (which/that was broken by Tommy)
was expensive.
→ The cup broken by Tommy was expensive.
3. The story was interesting.
The story was told by Amy.
→ The story (which/that was told by Amy) was
interesting.
→ The story told by Amy was interesting.
N + who/which/that + be Vpp... → N + Vpp...
• Exercise
1. The apples _____ in the market were so
delicious.
which/that were bought
(A) buying (B) to buy
(C) bought (D) were bought
2. The gift _____ with a ribbon is from my uncle.
(A) wrapping (B) to wrap which/that were wrapped
(C) wrapped (D) was wrapped
課本練習題 P.35
2. The man is Amy’s brother.
The man was hit by a car.
→ The man who/that was hit by a car is Amy’s brother.
→ The man hit by a car is Amy’s brother.
3. The newspaper has a new column.
The new column is called “Men’s Fashion.”
→ The newspaper has a new column which/that is
called ….
→ The newspaper has a new column called “Men’s
Fashion.”
4. The book is very popular.
The book was written by Dan Brown.
→ The book which/that was written by Dan Brown is very
popular.
→ The book written by Dan Brown is very popular.
課本練習題 P.36
5. The girl is talking to my brother.
The girl is dressed in red.
→ The girl who/that is dressed in red is talking to my
brother.
→ The girl dressed in red is talking to my brother.
2. sent by e-mail
3. often encouraged by their teachers
4. stolen from the store
5. made by Tina
Tag question 附加問句
• 附加於句子後面的簡短問句
• 說話者用以徵求聽話者對其言詞的認同或肯定,以逗點
隔開。
• 附加問句的形成主要有四項基本原則
1. 附加問句中的主詞須為代名詞, 並須與主要子句中的
主詞一致。
2. 附加問句中的動詞須與主要子句中的動詞一致。主要子
句若用be動詞,附加問句裡也要用be動詞;主要子句若
用一般動詞或含助動詞,附加問句裡要用助動詞。
3. 附加問句的動詞時態須與主要子句的時態一致
4. 肯定的主要子句須搭配否定的附加問句;否定的主要子
句須搭配肯定的附加問句
Ex: You like sunny day, don’t you?
課本練習題 P.37
1. Carol is a doctor, isn’t she
_?
2. Mr. Wang went to work by bus yesterday,
didn’t he
__?
3. All of us are asked to study hard by our
teachers, aren’t we
___?
4. Mary will go to the party, won’t she
__?
5. Students shouldn’t spend too much time
they
playing online games, should ____?
6. Andy and Kevin can’t play tennis, can they
_?
課本練習題 P.38
2. A: Daniel got up at seven o’clock, didn’t he
?
B: No, he didn’t.
3. A: Daniel was doing his homework at 8:30, wasn’t he
?
B: Yes, he was.
4. A: Daniel and his sister will clean the house at one
o’clock, won’t they_?
B: Yes, they will.
5. A: Daniel won’t go jogging at four o’clock, will he ?
B: Yes, he will.
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Lesson Two (Grammar in Use)