DO NOW: Who Am I?
Directions: Copy the quote and write the name of the speaker.
• “I was the first barbarian king to covert to Christianity.” (page 4)
Clovis, king of the Franks
• “I was the Byzantine Emperor who tried to reunify Europe, but the
plague stopped me.” (page 4)
Emperor Justinian
• “I rallied a group of farmers to defeat the Muslims at the Battle of
Tours.” (page 5)
Charles “The Hammer” Martel
• “I did not want to rely on farmers to protect my kingdom, so I
developed the feudal system. Later, I became the first Holy Roman
Emperor.” (page 6, page 18)
Charlemagne
• “I crowned the first Holy Roman Emperor.” (page 18)
Pope Leo III
• “After I excommunicated a Holy Roman Emperor, he begged for
forgiveness for three days in the freezing cold.” (page 18)
Pope Gregory VII
OBJECTIVE
• SWBAT explain
how the
Catholic Church
split into two
pieces in the
Great Schism of
1054.
Guess what
schism
means…
Do NOT try this at home . . .
schism (n): the
division of a
group into two or
more pieces
The
Great
Schism
• Christianity
split into two
churches:
– Roman
Catholic
Church
– Eastern
Orthodox
Church
Location
Roman Catholic Church
• Western Europe
• Capital City = Rome
Eastern Orthodox Church
• Eastern Europe
• Capital City = Constantinople
Language
Roman Catholic Church
• Latin
Eastern Orthodox Church
• Greek
Why did Christianity split into two
churches?
• It all started in 730 CE…
QUICK!
Draw a picture of
Jesus Christ.
You have 30 seconds.
The Second Commandment
“Thou shalt not
make unto thee any
graven image, or
any likeness of any
thing that is in
heaven above…”
Do you think it is OK to draw Jesus Christ?
Icons
Roman Catholic Church
Images allowed
Eastern Orthodox Church
Images prohibited
In 730 CE, Byzantine Emperor Leo III
began a policy of iconoclasm…
Iconoclasm:
the
destruction
of icons
Icons
Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
After Emperor Leo III banned all icons, an enraged Pope
Gregory III decided to… excommunicate Emperor Leo III.
In 730 CE, Byzantine Emperor Leo III
began a policy of iconoclasm…
Really!
C’mon, Pope,
you’re kicking me
out of the church?
Really?
Aww,
man!
Iconoclasm:
the
destruction
of icons
Icons
Roman Catholic Church
Images allowed
Eastern Orthodox Church
Images prohibited
Oh, but that’s not all…
• West and East had many differences that
led to the schism.
Communion
bread
Roman Catholic Church
• Unleavened bread to
remember Passover
NO YEAST
Eastern Orthodox Church
• Leavened bread to
symbolize Christ
resurrected
YEAST
Priest
celibacy
Roman Catholic Church
• Priests may NOT marry
Eastern Orthodox Church
• Priests may marry
To be celibate means to never marry…
THE FINAL SHOWDOWN
Hagia Sophia
Constantinople
1054
I heard
that then,
you closed
of thehas
eastern
Well
the all
Pope
churches that have icons. The Pope demands
excommunicated
that you re-openyou
them!from the
Church!
The Pope
Fine!
can’t
You
tellare
me what
to do.
excommunicated,
He doesn’t control
too!
Eastern Europe!
CARDINAL
HUMBERT
PATRIARCH OF
CONSTANTINOPLE,
CERULARIUS
The
Great
Schism
• Christianity
split into two
churches:
– Roman
Catholic
Church
– Eastern
Orthodox
Church
Roman Catholic
or Eastern Orthodox?
Roman Catholic
or Eastern Orthodox?
Roman Catholic
or Eastern Orthodox?
Roman Catholic
or Eastern Orthodox?
Roman Catholic
or Eastern Orthodox?
I’m so lonely!
Homework
Pretend you are a Roman Catholic visiting an Eastern
Orthodox Church. What surprises you?
OR
Pretend you are an Eastern Orthodox visiting a Roman
Catholic Church. What surprises you?
• Must include information on the following differences:
–
–
–
–
–
Location
Language
Icons
Communion Bread
Priest Celibacy
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7.1.3 The Great Schism Online