Nevada High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (NIDTA)
Annual Threat Assessment - 2010
 #1 drug threat – methamphetamine
 Most available, frequently used – marijuana
 Increase in heroin (black tar)
Seizure rates: 2007 – 1 kilo
2008 – 6 kilos
2009 – 13 kilos
Heroin being obtained in lieu of pharmaceutical analgesics
(cheaper, easier to obtain)
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Adderall
 Psychostimulant combination of Detroamphetamine
and Levoamphetamine
 Increase alertness, libido, concentration and overall
cognitive performance while decreasing fatigue
 Available in two forms: Instant Release (IR) –
indicated for use in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
Disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, and eXtended
Release (XR) – approved for use only with ADHD
 Schedule II drug (has significant abuse/addiction
potential)
Adderall, continued
 Adderall IR doses available in 5, 7.5, 10, 12.5 15, 20, and
30 mg
 Adderall XR doses available in 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and
30mg
 Can significantly increase blood pressure, has the
same risk of causing sudden death, stroke, and heart
attack as methylphenidate (Ritalin) and other
stimulants
Adderall continued
 Used as a “study drug” and as a party drug
 University of Wisconsin study (2004) – 14% of
students used an ADHD medicine for “study/party”
purpose
 College campuses seen to be highly competitive or had
high rates of binge drinking had 25% of their students
misusing an ADHD medicine (Twohey, Megan – 2006)
 Adderall has been banned by the Nevada State
Athletic Commission
Salvia Divinorum
 Member of the sage family
 Used for centuries by Mazatec shamans (induce a
trancelike state to find the cause of a person’s illness)
 Chewed/smoked – dreamlike hallucinations, out of
body experiences, occasional delirium
 Major affects last only for minutes, disappear in about
½ hour (compared to DMT “trips” in the 60’s)
Kratom
 Medicinal leaf from a large tree in the Rubiaceae
family native to Southeast Asia
 Now illegal in Thailand and Malaysia, but was
traditionally used for its psychoactive properties
(leaves were chewed by manual workers/laborers
seeking a numbing and stimulating affect)
 Psychoactive affects reported to be short-lived, and
disappear a few hours
 Mild dependence/withdrawal reported (depression,
fatigue, restlessness, insomnia, teary eyes)
 DEA has added Kratom to their list of “drugs and
chemicals of concern
Damiana
 Shrub native to Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central/South
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America
Traditionally used for its reported aphrodisiac affects
Drank as a tea
Used as a herbal medicine (energy, low estrogen, frigidity,
hot flashes, impotency, menopause)
When smoked, affects similar to tobacco – when combined
with Passionflower can be extremely relaxing and sleep
inducing
Ingredient in “Black Mamba” – head shop product reported
to have affects similar to marijuana
Synthetic Cannabinoid
 HU-210: synthesized in 1988
 More potent and has extended duration of action than
natural THC from cannabis
 Potent analgesic
 Reported (along with other synthetic cannabinoids
like WIN 55, 212-2 and JWH-133) to reduce
inflammation
 When included in “Spice” products, can be seized by
legal authorities
GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate
 Rapidly acting CNS depressant
 Used as a sleep inducer in the 60’s and 70’s
 Affects can be similar to alcohol (disinhibition and
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sedation), ecstasy (sensory enhancement and empathy),
and heroin intoxication (euphoria)
Usually taken in liquid form (alcohol/water – capful or
teaspoonful – 2.5 grams)
Affects can last 3-6 hours ( a dose can cost $5-10)
1 gram - relaxation
2 grams - respiration/heart rate drops; coordination,
balance and circulation are disrupted
2-4 grams – speech and coordination become impaired
GHB continued
 Side affects: depression, delusions, hallucinations,
seizures, nausea, vomiting (can be a warning of an
impending overdose), respiratory depression, greatly
reduced heart rate, and coma/death
 Thought to lower dopamine levels – can induce sleep,
but when the user awakes, can be very aroused and
active
 Withdrawal can be severe/difficult – may include
seizures
 Has been used as a “date rape” drug (induces euphoria
while lowering inhibitions)
Alphabet with Number Drugs
 2C-T-7 and 2C-T-2
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psycho-stimulants
heightened sensitivity, increased awareness, and can induce
delirium – unpleasant affects include nausea, vomiting , and
muscle tension
can cause life threatening cardiovascular affects in high doses
many street names
 2C-B (Nexus)
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amphetamine-like
affects are “dose variable” – mild stimulation at low doses and
intense hallucinogenic experiences with high doses
Reported Reno Drug Prices
 THC (dank, chronic, bud, weed, BC, goo, grass, skunk)
 1/8 - $40-50
 “dub” – 1.5-1.7 grams - $20
 ¼ oz - $70-100
 1 lb - $2200 - 3000
 Mollies (reported to be “pure” MDMA
 .1 gram - $20
 Ecstasy (e, XTC)
 1 pill/tab - $10
 Cocaine
 1 gram - $40-50
 eightball - $120
 Methamphetamine
 1 gram $10
 “Shrooms”
 1/8 oz - $20
 LSD (acid)
 1 hit - $4-10
WHAT NOW?
 Questions
 Comments
 Suggestions
THANK YOU