The Past Simple
The Past Simple
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The past simple has 2 types of
verbs:
REGULAR
IRREGULAR
Which of these verbs are
regular?
Which ones are irregular?
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taught
walked
studied
gave
became
cried
lived
did
irregular
regular
regular
irregular
irregular
regular
regular
irregular
WHY?
Regular verbs are verbs
that….
…. end with Present simple
ed
Past simple
Walk
Walked
Study
Studied
Cry
Live
Cried
Lived
Irregular verbs are verbs
that…
…
do not end with - ed
Some irregular verbs have a
vowel change:
Present simple
Past simple
become
‫להפוך‬/‫להיות‬
became
give
‫לתת‬
gave
drive
‫לנהוג‬
drove
forget
‫לשכוח‬
forgot
Other irregular verbs have
a different kind of change:
Present simple
Past simple
teach
‫ללמד‬
taught
bring
‫להביא‬
brought
leave
‫לעזוב‬
left
hear
‫לשמוע‬
heard
buy
‫לקנות‬
bought
And some do not change at
all:
Present simple
Past simple
hit
‫להכות‬/‫להרביץ‬
hit
put
‫לשים‬
put
set
)‫לערוך (שולחן‬
set
Examples:
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Sometimes, I hit my brother. (present)
Yesterday, I hit my brother. (past)

I put my books on my desk before class
begins. (present)
Yesterday, I put my books on my desk.
(past)

The children set the dinner table every
evening. (present)
 Last week, the waiter set the table at
the restaurant. (past)
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Positive statements with
regular verbs

When we want to say something in the
past simple using a regular verb, we add
an –ed.
Examples:
We worked
verb + ed
You worked
I worked
They worked
You worked
He worked
Negative statements with
regular/irregular verbs

When we want to say a negative
statement using the past simple, we
use the helping verb “to do”.
Present simple
Past simple
do not or does not
did not
I do not like the book.
I did not like the
book.
Negative statements with
regular/irregular verbs
did not + verb
Examples:
Yesterday, he did not clean his room.
We did not buy toys.
They did not work.
She did not drink.
Asking yes/no questions

When we ask yes/no questions using
the past simple, we put the “to do”
helping verb first.
Did + subject + verb
Example:
Did you finish your homework?
Helping verb
subject
verb
Example:
Did you finish your homework?
Helping
verb
subject
verb
Answering yes/no questions

When we answer a yes/no question,
we have two options:
YES
NO
So…..

Did you finish your homework?
Yes,
I did
No,
I did not
WH Questions
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WH word + did + subject + verb + ?
Examples:
When did he leave?
Where did she go?
What did you study yesterday?
Why did we cry?
Past simple
The verb “to
be”
The verb “to be”
The verb “to be” is special.
Present simple
Past simple
I
am
I
was
You
are
You
were
He/She/It is
He/She/It was
You
are
You
were
We
are
We
were
They
are
They
were
Positive statements in the
past simple with the verb “to
be”

was
Yesterday, I __________________
sick.
were
 Last week, my parents ____________ at
work.
was
 Last year, my family ______________ on
vacation in Rome.
was
 Last time I ___________ here, you
were
_________
very quiet.
Negative statements with the
verb “to be”
When we want to say a negative statement
in the past simple using the verb “to be”,
we use:
was + not
or
were + not
Examples:

was not
Yesterday, I __________________
sick.

were not at
Last week, my parents ____________
work.
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Last year, my family ______________
on
was not
vacation in Rome.
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was not here.
Yesterday, I ___________
Yes/No question using “to be”

When we ask yes/no questions with
the verb “to be” it always appears
first.
Was he there?
Yes, he was.
No, he was not.
Were they at party yesterday?
No, they were not.
Yes, they were.
Yes/No questions with “to be”
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Was / were + subject
WH questions with the verb
“to be”
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When we ask a WH question using
the verb “to be” , the WH question
always appears first.
Why
Where
was he late to class?
were they happy?
What
was wrong?
Why
was he sad?
Who
was sad?
Why
was he late to class?
Where
were they happy?
What
Why
Who
was wrong?
was he sad?
was sad?
WH word + was/were + subject + adjective
Who + was/were
‫‪Who + was / were‬‬
‫‪ ‬רק כאשר אנו שואלים‪:‬‬
‫– מי הוא היה?‬
‫– מי הם היו?‬
‫אז אנחנו מוסיפים את ה ‪subject -‬‬
‫‪Who + was/were + subject‬‬
‫במקרה זה‪ ,‬אנו יודעים פרטים‬
‫על ה – ‪,she ,he( subject‬‬
‫‪ )they‬אך איננו בטוחים לגבי‬
‫זהותם‪.‬‬
‫?‪Who was he‬‬
‫?‪Who were they‬‬
John Denver
John Denver
John Denver was an American singer.
 He had a lot of famous songs.
 He died in an airplane crash in 1997.
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This Old Guitar