Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network
(ARIN)
Keebong PAEK
Senior Prosecutorial and Judicial Adviser
UNODC RCEAP
4th IAACA Seminar
Dalian, China – June 2012
Contents
I.
Introduction
1.
2.
3.
Global Architecture
National Regime
Challenges
II. ARIN
1.
2.
3.
CARIN
ARIN-SA
RRAG
III. ARIN-SEA
I. Introduction
 Most crimes are committed for financial
gains
– confiscation attacks the core motive
and prevents criminal assets from being
used for other crimes
 Confiscation targets decision-makers and
beneficiaries
 It may have a deterrent effect: “crime
doesn’t pay”
– “follow the money”
 Relatively limited number of confiscation
cases and modest amounts recovered if
compared to estimated revenue of
organized criminal groups
1. Global Architecture
Vienna
Convention
UNTOC
UNCAC
FATF rev. 40 Rec.
Nat. Leg’n
Pros.
Inv.
Nat. Leg’n
Pros.
Nat. Leg’n
Inv.
Pros.
Inv.
2. National Regime
Law
Org.
Confiscation
Financial
System
FIU Act
FIU
 Information
Legal
System
AML Act
 Regulation
Prosecutor /
Law
Enforcement
Agency
 Conviction
 Non-conviction
3. Challenges
 Problems with national legislation
 multi-agency coordination
 Prosecutor/Investigator skills
 Barriers to formal/informal cooperation
 International: MLA slow/no informal
structures
II. ARIN : Initiatives to Overcome
Asset Recovery Inter-agency Network
Current Networks:
1. CARIN (Camden)
2. ARINSA (Southern Africa)
3. RRAG (South America)
1. CARIN
Informal network of judicial and law
enforcement practitioners, who are experts in
the field of asset tracing, freezing, seizure
and confiscations
 Why the need for a network?
 Cross-border fight against transnational crime
receives support from many international
conventions and other international instruments
 In practice, these measures can only be applied
with effective cross-border, inter-agency
cooperation
 CARIN Launch Congress : 2004 - Netherlands
CARIN – Structure, aims and objectives
 Two contacts from each member jurisdiction or
organization (almost 60)
- One from a law enforcement agency
- One from a judicial authority
 Small steering group (9 members)
 Presidency – changes annually
 Europol – permanent secretariat
CARIN – Structure, aims and objectives
 The aim of CARIN is to increase the
effectiveness of members’ efforts on a multiagency basis, in depriving criminals of their illicit
profits
 Nine objectives to assist to meet the aim
CARIN – Key objectives:
•
•
Focus on the proceeds of all crimes;
•
•
•
•
•
Encourage members to establish national asset recovery offices;
•
Emphasize the importance of cooperation with the private sector in
achieving its aim;
•
Facilitate, where possible, training in all aspects of tackling proceeds of
crime.
Establish itself as a centre of expertise on all aspects of tackling the
proceeds of crime;
Establish a network of contacts;
Promote the exchange of information and good practice;
Act as an advisory group to other appropriate authorities;
Undertake to make recommendations to bodies ………………., relating to all
aspects of tackling the proceeds of crime;
2. ARINSA
 Members
- Botswana, Lesotho, Mauritius, Namibia, South
Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- Malawi, Nigeria
 First Annual General Meeting (July, 2010)
 Secretariat - AFU(Asset Forfeiture Unit), SA
3. RRAG
 GAFISUD (Grupo de Acción Financiera de Sudamérica)
- FATF-style regional body in South America (2000)
- Members : Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,
Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay,
Peru, Uruguay
 RRAG (Red de Recuperación de Activos de GAFISUD, 2010)
- GAFISUD’s asset recovery network
 Secretariat - GAFISUD Secretariat Office (Argentina)
III. ARIN-SEA
Asset
Recovery
Inter-agency
Network of
South
East
Asia
Structure
Individual prosecutors/
investigators
Secretariat
ARINSEA
Member country
Contact points (prosecutors/
investigators)
Structure
ARINSEA
Structure
CARIN
ARINSEA
Structure
CARIN
ARINSEA
Structure
CARIN
ARINSEA
Structure
CARIN
ARINSEA
Structure
South
American
Network
RRAG
CARIN
ARINSEA
Southern Africa
ARINSA
How can Inter-agency
Network be used?
•
•
•
•
•
•
Identify/trace property
Advise on local
laws/procedures
Discuss MLA options
Info. requirements
Discuss strategies
Develop professional
relationships
How can Inter-agency Network be used?
< It is NOT a substitute for formal MLA >
•
It should:
-
Add direction
Expedite/Increase speed
Improve understanding
Reduce confusion/delay
Develop professional relationships
Spread the benefit of local knowledge throughout the
network and beyond
THANK YOU
[email protected]