Organic Farming
Anand Pattern in Organic Farming
"Putting the tools of development in the hands of farmers"
Plan of Presentation
What is Organic Farming? Status in India, NER
Main learnings from NER
Obejctives of OF scheme
Implementation Strategy
Implementation Components - I, II, III
Organisational Aspects
Coordination issues and Benefits
What is Organic Farming?
• Avoids synthetic inputs; incorporates technology with
natural processes; integrates animal husbandry; and
mobilises soil nutrients and nature-based protection
• In India including NER, small holdings imply closeness
to sustainable farming except access to broader
• Currently, 4.72 mha certified incl. 0.6 mha cultivated
• 135 varieties exported Rs3300 cr; domestic Rs600 cr.
• 85000 ha in NER led Sikkim 75%, Naga 14%, Megh 6%
Main learnings from NER
Small holdings generally
Quality inputs not available
Technologies for production, pest control
Aggregation costs for distributed small
• Market access, limited value added facilities
• Certification complexities
Objectives of OF scheme
• Mission approach; end to end
• Address risks of climate, production, disease,
• Environmentally sustainable production
• Conveniently marketable volumes
• Farmer controlled valued-added production
Implementation Strategy
Contiguous clusters on microwatershed basis
Women farmer focus relevant to NER, Prefer SHG covered areas
Village as operating unit to Federation marketing
Anand pattern of trickle to flood
Integrating technology & local knowledge - farmer-led
Focusing scientists for solutions based on local materials
Continuous assessment of soils; bio-inputs support
Hand-holding in management; subsidies as revolving funds - no
personal freebies;
• investment is for improving land productivity and farmer
Principal Components - I
• Baseline survey, PRA of farmers, Resource appraisal
• Soil analysis: 5 items, 13 items, microbial, SH cards issue
• Cluster of microwatershed 10-15 ha/ 25 farmers, Group
saves for mutual credit as in SHG
• Council of Clusters coterminous to village - 50-150 ha
• District Federation of Clusters; 50-200 Councils (250010000 ha) eventually, less as it grows.
• Support agencies, resource agencies help district units
set up incl. agronomic packages
Principal Components - II
• Integrated farming systems; focus on 2-4 commercial crops
plus multi/inter/mixed cropping, Animal Husbandry
• Farm-level systems conducive to Organic certification
• State-level biofertiliser, biopesticide production supplements
• Revolving funds for inputs, animal husbandry with Council
• Pilots possible for vermicompost - homestead and
community or other innovation
• Capacity building: TOT, trainers, farmer trainers, materials;
local language
• Convergence of schemes for NRLM, OF, watershed
development, soil testing
Principal Components - III
• Service Centres for equipment hiring at Council,
• Village council collection, aggregation, washing,
grading including for storage as may be required.
• Federation level value addition and packing
facility with phasing-out of management support,
produce collection crates
• Internal Control Systems geared to certification
• Exposure visits, seminars etc
Organisational Aspects
• National: Director and YP, sub staff
• Region: Integrate PMUs of NERCORMP, NERLP with PMU for OF
under overall Director, LP and supervision of NEC and DoNER
• State: State level Society set up under MOU, Training, Funds,
Support Orgns
• District: Manager, Staff under Federation including some costs of
processing, testing, outsourced testing. Activities of area
selection, organisation, training, PRA, surveys, soil testing and
support with sector professionals; convergence.
• Arbitration by district Committee headed by Dy Commissioner
• Village Council: Secretary part paid; Cluster head honorarium for
Coordination Issues
• Bringing Livelihood schemes together
• Uncertainty in elements, hence in costs (vermicompost, SHG
savings may speed fund rotation); Expect total project
investment at Rs 18,000 per ha
• Timeliness of convergence will add costs (soil tests, OF, bio-input
production, needs for animal husbandry) but may be small
• Availability of seeds will require initial multiplication; hence delay
• Ethnic disputes may affect supra Council solidarity
• Need for mid-term reviews of components and re-strategising
• Contribution by farmers, specific areas by State Govt, rest 100%
Benefits of Programme
• Increase in Organic production of commercial crops
• Increase in area under commercial organic
• Greater income realisation by farmers
• Farmer led process - less Government, little/no
subsidy; focus on community building with
community level revolving fund
• Women empowerment and capacity building
• Increased exports, domestic markets of quality value
added products

PPT on Mission Organic Farming NE