Developments in Mining
MINWARA Spring Conference, May 2011
CDR Ron Swart, USN Ret
Mining Systems
NSWC-PCD A10S
PMS-495
This Brief
is UNCLASIFIED
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F: FOUO
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Overview
•
•
•
•
A Vision
Current Picture
Current Efforts
The Road Ahead
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Vision for A2/AD - AUWS
Long-range
Weapons
Unmanned
Vehicles
Expendable Target
Detection Devices
Encapsulated
Weapons
“Advanced, smart mobile mines … appears particularly attractive, given … the
difficulty and time-consuming nature
of countermine
operations” …ASB Concept
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AUWS in All Operational Phases
• Clandestinely
Position Weapons
(unarmed)
Determine:
• Mission Objectives
• Environment
• Option to disclose
capability (command
detonation)
• Delivery Platform
• UV Payload
Configuration
Plan
Phase 0
Shape
Phase 1
Deter
• Evaluate & ReSeed as needed
Phase 2
Seize
• Clandestinely Deliver
Expendable Sensors
• Remotely Arm the
Weapons
• Collect Target Data
• Enable Autonomous
Engagements
• Report Contacts
Phase 3
Dominate
• Report Weapons Status
and Battle Damage
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Phase 4
Stabilize
• Extract UnExpended
Weapons
• Verify Area is
Clear
Value of AUWS
Traditional Mining
Transformational AUWS
(strategic, autonomous)
(tactical, controlled)
Quickstrike
SHALLOW
SLMM (through
FY12)
INTERMEDIATE
LD-UUV w/ CRAWs
DEEP
SHALLOW
UAV, USV, UUV, UGV
INTERMEDIATE
DEEP
Distributed Sensors
1 Transformational Mine
400 Traditional Mines
DECIDE
Decide
Days
Deliver
Arm / Engage
Days - Months
Sterilize/
Destruct
Clear
Months
Decide
Deliver
Days
Hours
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Arm
Minutes+
Engage
Minutes+
Destruct/
DisArm
Minutes+
Extract
Hours
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Autonomy vs. Control
Remotely Controlled
Latency
• Comms Link
Probability of
Discriminating
Target
Operator to
tactically decide
Level of Autonomy
based on
desired utility
Control
• Human in Loop
• Mission Changes
Auto
Tactical
Control
Probability
of Defeating
Target
Autonomous
Autonomy
Responsive
• Detect-to-engage
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F: For Official Use Only
Autonomy improves
Performance;
Control improves Utility
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QUICKSTRIKE “Family” of Mines
- Today -
Air-laid – bottom influence
MK 62
2016
MK 63
2016
MK 65
2009
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Submarine Launched Mobile Mine Mk 67
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
Deployed 1985
Clandestine capable
Sub laid - SSN 688 Class (20)
Bottom Mine
Influence: Magnetic/Seismic
Based on MK 37 Torpedo
 developmental testing 1955
 Complex mechanism/outdated technology
Warhead 515 Lb (PBXN-103)
DEMIL Start FY10 end FY12
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QS MINE MK 65 MOD 0 UTB
CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS
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Operational View - RC2 Mobile Gateway
R&I pattern
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Air Standoff Options
Aerial Stand-off Range Extension
– Several Commercial Wing Kits
– Increased Glide Ratio
– Multiple Systems in Development
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LDUUV Options
• Use existing systems to provide a rapid response, demonstration test bed
for LDUUV development
• What is it? Long Duration Large Diameter Littoral UUV is adaptation of
existing MK 8 Mod 1 SDV design.
• Why L2D2 ? Realistically doable, reasonable cost, needed, contingency
capability for Naval and Joint Forces. 1 year from design to in-water
demo; significant potential for mission capability
• SDV Mk8 Mod1:
• Fielded, Supported, & Cost Effective
• Reliable
• Ample Room for Payloads
• Provides configurable test bed for payload
concept experimentation and integration
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LD-UUV AUWS Payload Options
Sensor
Module
FY10
Concept
REMUS
“data mule”
Stationary Mine
Mobile Mine
Sensor
ArcherFish
Neutralizer
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Stationary Mine
Weapon Options
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MK 48
21” Dia
SLMM
19” Dia
Mk 54
12” Dia
REMUS
7” Dia
CRAW
6” Dia
ArcherFish
4” Dia
Sensor Options
ONR
PLUS INP
SOF
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Communications Gateway Options
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Current Studies and Analysis
• GAMET Modeling Tool– NSWC PCD
• N00X – Asymmetric ASW Study (Deep Water Mining)
• OPNAV N87
– Coastal Attack call for Proposals
– Asymmetric Payload call for concepts
• JCTD - OSD/SPECWAR: Maritime Predator
• ONR - FY-14 T&E Requirements
• Mine Analysis of Alternatives - OPNAV
• Mining Deep Dive - DoD RDA Task Force
4/8/2015
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MIW Functional Framework –
NMAWC18
Summary
• Lets extend our dominance into their littoral OPAREA
• Integrate the mine mission into the ASW and SUW
construct for a true USW capability at the right place,
and the right time
• Let’s keep them up at night worrying about our
mines.
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MINWARA May 11