I. Reported speech
Если глагол главного предложения
стоит в одном из времен группы
Present, то глагол придаточного
предложения может употребляться
в любом времени, которое
требуется по смыслу.
Direct speech
Reported speech
She says: “I phone my She says (that) she
friends every day”.
phones her friends
every day.
She says: “I will phone She says (that) she will
phone me tomorrow.
you tomorrow”.
She says (that) she
She says: “I phoned
phoned me an hour
you an hour ago”.
ago.
He asks what the
He asks: “What is the
problem is.
problem?”
He says to Lena, “I see my friends every
day”.
He says to Lena that he sees his friends every day.
 Carrie tells her mother: “Everyone will
laugh.”
Carrie tells her mother that everyone will laugh.
 She says: “I am busy.”
She says that she is busy.
 He tells them, “I don’t like poetry.”
He tells them that he doesn’t like poetry.

II. Reported speech
Если глагол главного предложения
выражен одним из прошедших времен
Past Simple, Past Continuous or
Past Perfect (чаще Past Simple), то
глагол придаточного предложения
подчиняется правилу согласования
времен.
Sequence of Tenses
Direct speech
Reported speech
Главное предложение
Придаточное
предложение
1. Present Simple
1. Past Simple
2. Present Continuous
2. Past Continuous
3. Present Perfect
3. Past Perfect
4. Present Perfect
Continuous
4. Past Perfect
Continuous
5. Past Simple
6. Future
Past Simple or
Past Continuous
or Past Perfect
5. Past Perfect
6. Future-in-the-Past
7. Past Continuous
7. Past Continuous
8. Past Perfect
8. Past Perfect
9. Past Perfect
Continuous
9. Past Perfect
Continuous
She said:
Past Simple
She said:
Past Simple
She said:
Past Simple
He said:
Past Simple
He said:
Past Simple
He said:
Past Simple
“I phone my
friends every day”.
Present Simple
“I will phone you”.
Future Simple
“I phoned you
yesterday”.
Past Simple
“I can solve this
problem”.
Present Simple
“We may go
there”.
Present Simple
“I must leave”.
Present Simple
She said
(that)
Past Simple
She said
(that)
Past Simple
She said
(that)
Past Simple
He said (that)
Past Simple
He said (that)
Past Simple
He said (that)
Past Simple
she phoned her
friends every day”.
Past Simple
she would phone
me.
Future-in-the-Past
she had phoned
the day before.
Past Perfect
he could solve this
problem
Past Simple
they might go
there.
Past Simple
He had to leave.
Past Simple
The mother said: “It is a special party.”
The mother said it was a special party.
 She told Carrie: “I haven’t seen you for a
long time.”
He told Carrie that he hadn’t seen her for a long
time.
 She said: “Kate, your grandmother gave
you a velvet dress for your birthday.”
She said to Kate that her grandmother had given
her a velvet dress for her birthday.
 He said: “Everyone will laugh.”
He said that everyone would laugh.

Changes to time words and phrases
Direct speech
Reported speech
today
tonight
yesterday
that day
that night
the day before
tomorrow
(a week) ago
last year
next day
(a week) before
the year before
next year
this evening
now
the following year
that evening
then
Changes to demonstrative pronouns
Direct speech
these
Reported speech
those
this
here
that
there
General questions
She said:
Past Simple
She said:
Past Simple
She said:
Past Simple
She said:
Past Simple
“Are you a good
driver?”
Present Simple
“Does your sister
like jogging?”
Present Simple
“Will you come to
the party?”
Future Simple
“Have you met
before?”
Present Perfect
She asked me if
Past Simple
I was a good
driver.
Past Simple
She wanted to know if my sister
liked jogging.
Past Simple
She wondered if
Past Simple
She asked if
Past Simple
Past Simple
I would come to
the party.
Future-in-the-Past
we had met
before.
Past Perfect
Wh-questions
He asked: “What is the
problem?”
Past Simple
He said:
Past Simple
He said:
Past Simple
He said:
Past Simple
He said:
Past Simple
Present Simple
“How did you get
here tonight?”
Past Simple
“What subjects do
you like?”
Present Simple
“What are you
doing now?”
Present Continuous
“Why is you cousin
sad today?”
Present Simple
He asked
Past Simple
what the problem
was.
Past Simple
He wanted to know how I had got
there that night.
Past Simple
He asked me
Past Simple
He wondered
Past Simple
He asked
Past Simple
Past Perfect
what subjects I
liked.
Past Simple
what I was doing
then.
Past Continuous
why my cousin was
sad that day.
Past Simple
He says, “Did they write anything
interesting?”
He asks if they wrote anything interesting.
 She says to Gregory, “Where do you go
every week?”
She asks where he goes every week.
 He says, “Who likes pop music?”
He asks who likes pop music.
 He said, “What time does the match
start?”
He asked what time the match started.

I. When does he come home?
– When he comes home.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Why did she call?
Where has he been?
When will they arrive?
How long have you
known him?
Where does your friend
work?
When was he sick?
How much sugar is
there in the bowl?
What was built in your
street last year?
Why was he angry with
Jane?
How far is it from here?
II. Did he study English last
year? – He studied English last
year.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Will he be here
tomorrow?
Have you seen this film?
Does he know this man?
Did the police warn
you?
Will there be any tests
next week?
Was he late?
Am I right?
Are they from England?
Was there any news
from him?
Has he seen her this
week?
Измените в вопросах обратный порядок слов на прямой.
Complete the sentences as in the example.
“What time does the match start please” (I/a policeman)
I asked a policeman what time the match started.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
“Where are you going to spend the
holiday?” (Joy/Mary)
“Why are the tickets so expensive?”
(Everybody/us)
“How old are Mary’s children?” (Frank/his
wife)
“Who’s going to buy your house?” (Mrs
Jones/ her neighbour)
“When are you planning to come to
Colchester?” (Bill/his friend)
“Where can I get the bus to Liverpool?”
(Peter/ a policeman)
Orders. Requests.
“Give up fast food,” the
doctor said.
The doctor advised her
to give up fast food.
“Don’t be late!” said the
teacher.
The teacher warned us
not to be late.
My mother said to me,
“Try to be flexible.”
My mother advised me
to try to be flexible.
My best friend said,
“Don’t decide what I
should do. ”
My best friend told me
not to decide what she
should do.
ask smb. + to – просить
tell smb. + to – велеть
don’t  not to
He says to Jane, “Give me your hand,
please.”
He asks Jane to give him her hand.
 Nick says, “Mary, bring me some milk from
the kitchen.”
Nick tells Mary to bring some milk from the kitchen.
 They tell Lena, “Please don’t come home
late”
They ask Lena not to come home late.
 The teacher says to children: “Don’t open
your books.”
The teacher tells the children not to open books.

To report suggestions we use:
• suggest + V+ing
• suggest + that sb (should) + V
Other reporting verbs used in this way are:
insist, recommend, and demand.
I suggested going to the cinema.
I suggested that we should go to the
cinema.
I suggested that we go to the cinema.
say to smb.
tell smb.
+ (that) + Subject + Verb + Objects
Обратите внимание на глаголы, вводящие повествовательные
предложения.
She admits that she was wrong. Она признает, что была неправа.
to admit – признавать
to promise – обещать
to complain – жаловаться
to remind – напоминать
to decide – решить
to reply – ответить
to deny – отрицать
to warn – предупредить
to explain – объяснять
to wonder – интересоваться
to offer – предлагать
Если в прямой речи было Present Simple
или Present Continuous и при переводе в
косвенную речь они были изменены на
Past Simple или Past Continuous, то такие
предложения следует переводить на
русский язык глаголами в настоящем
времени.
He said, “I know Mary”. He said that he knew
– Он сказал: «Я знаю Mary. – Он сказал, что
Мэри».
он знает Мэри.
She said, “They are
having dinner.” –
Она сказала: «Они
обедают».
She said that they were
having dinner. –
Она сказала, что они
обедают.