Women Make Progress Chapter 8 Section 2 US History Bellwork • Locate three women in this section that were key to the Women’s Progressive movement. • Answer the following for each: – Who were they? – What did they do? – How did this affect the Women’s Movement? ***Not everyone’s answers will be the same! Announcements • Don’t forget the homework completion contest! The class with the best completion rate earns a letter grade on the next test. • Don’t forget that we will do another binder check this Friday. Every Friday you see me we will have a binder check. • The table points for this week have started over. Who will be the best table this week? Agenda 10.25.11 • • • • Bellwork – Three Women Guided Notes – 8.2 Women Make Progress Venn Diagram Activity – NAWSA vs. NWP Closure Writing Activity State Performance Indicators • EH7.3.1 Recognize progress of political/social reforms 1890-1930. • EH7.6.2 Recognize Tennessee’s role in the women’s suffrage movement. Objectives for Learning • Section Focus: How did women of the Progressive Era make progress and win the right to vote? – Analyze the impact of changes in women’s education on women’s roles in society. – Explain what women did to win workers’ rights and to improve family life. – Evaluate the tactics women used to win passage of the Nineteenth Amendment. Women’s Working Issues • Women’s hardships fueled reform: – Long hours and low wages were common • Specific reformers and issues – Long hours – challenged by Muller vs. Oregon stated long hours for women hurt families and a ten hour cap was instituted – Florence Kelley • formed the National Consumers League to ensure women could know products they purchased were produced safely and fairly • Formed the Women’s Trade Union League to fight for fair labor conditions for women in factories Other Issues that Effected Women’s Lives • The Temperance Movement – Movement to promote not drinking alcohol – Believed drinking had a negative impact on women’s home lives due to lost wages, potential neglect, and possible spousal/child abuse • Birth Control – Many believed women would be better able to control their lives if they could control their reproductive processes. • Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic and founded the American Birth Control League Florence Kelley & Margaret Sanger Women Fight For the Right to Vote • The Women’s Suffrage Movement had existed since the 1860’s but was unsuccessful on the federal level although several states had granted women the vote. • Carrie Chapman Catt – President of NAWSA who formed the two pronged strategy to fight for suffrage – Lobby congress for a constitutional amendment – Use the new referendum process to win the vote on a state level. Activists and Law Making • Alice Paul – believed in a more drastic method to win the vote – Led the National Women’s Party – Led protest marches to dramatize their efforts – Some members used hunger strikes • Other suffragettes dislike the methods of the NWP but they were vital in helping women gain the vote The 19th Amendment • Approved in 1919 – stated that voting rights would “not be denied or abridged on account of sex” • In 1920 Tennessee passed the amendment by one vote completing the number of states needed to make the amendment official. Venn Diagram – Women’s Suffrage • A Venn Diagram is used to compare and contrast information about a topic. We will use this tool to learn more about Women’s Suffrage. • Procedure: – On your OWN paper create a two column list of important details about NAWSA and the NWP. – Use your list to sort your information into the correct part of the Venn Diagram. What was different and what details/strategies did the two groups share? Create your list… NAWSA NWP Sort your information… Closure – Writing Assessment • Guiding Question: What kind of different tactics did women use to get the Nineteenth Amendment passed? – Answer this question in a 3 – 5 sentence paragraph on the back of your Venn Diagram. USE your Venn Diagram to help you. Today’s Activity • We are going to create a foldable! – Category 1 – Notable women – catalog all the notable women in this section including a short blurb about why we should know who they are. – Category 2 – What problems did women want to reform and WHY? – Category 3 – Women and the vote? Trace the track of suffragettes efforts to win the vote for women including Tennessee’s special role in the process.