Mao’s Ideology
REVIEWING YOUR CHART HANDOUT (GIVEN TO YOU LAST
CLASS), ANSWER THE FOLLOWING:
1. WHICH SIDE (BASED SOLELY ON THE CHART) WOULD
YOU HAVE SUPPORTED IN THE CHINESE CIVIL WAR?
WHY?
2. WHAT FACTORS ALLOWED THE CCP TO WIN THE CIVIL
WAR? WAS IT A WIN BASED ON THEIR STRENGTH OR A
WIN BECAUSE OF THE GMD WEAKNESS? EXPLAIN
Key Points
 Mao’s beliefs shaped by family and studies
 Mao was a member of the CCP, but he did not start
the party
Orthodox Marxism
 Progress would come through class struggle in which
the landowner and the bourgeoisie had to be
overthrown. This would lead to a dictatorship of the
proletariat (or the masses). There should be
collective ownership of the means of production.
Socialist states should promote worldwide
Communist Revolution.
The Importance of Peasants
 Peasant masses could overthrow capitalism and
create a communist society
Two-Stage Revolution
 The first revolution could contain elements of the
bourgeoisie.

During this stage there could be private ownership.
 Second revolution would bring collectivization and
nationalization of property and resources and
remove the bourgeoisie.
Mass Mobilization and Voluntaryism
 The party should learn from the people.
 Campaigns should be people’s campaigns and not be
imposed from the leaders.
 People will support campaigns voluntarily and work
in the best interest of all.
Continuous Revolution
 Revolution should not cease once a party achieved
power but should constantly revise itself to avoid
complacency and corruption
Self-Criticism and Rectification
 Officials should undergo regular criticism to prevent
themselves from becoming self-satisfied and elitist.
 There should be regular purges of the party.
 Only through self-criticism would individuals see the
wisdom of mass campaigns and rectify “false
thoughts”
Ruthless Determination
 Will power and determination would be sufficient to
bring about change provided everyone showed total
commitment.
 Violence was needed in revolution.
The Primacy of “Mao Zedong Thought”
 Mao was always right and people could find a
solution to any problem if they studied his ideas well
enough.
Mao’s Writings (Group Project)