http://padlet.com/wall/effectivequestions The Thinking Classroom: How to use Questions to Support Inquiry in Social Studies Online Professional Development • 2013-2014 Webinar Series – College, Career, and Civic Life C3 Framework For Social Studies State Standards – Inquiry in the social studies • 2012-2013 Webinars http://padlet.com/wall/effectivequestions NCDPI K-12 Social Studies Team Section Chief Fay Gore [email protected] K-12 Consultants: Ann Carlock [email protected] Justyn Knox [email protected] Dr. Steve Masyada [email protected] Michelle McLaughlin [email protected] Program Assistant Bernadette Cole [email protected] QUESTIONS How can I use questions effectively to support inquiry in Social Studies? KNOW NEED TO KNOW • What is an effective question for inquiry? • What’s the purpose of an effective question for inquiry? • How do I write an effective question for inquiry? Objectives • Understand how to use the Inquiry Arc of the C3 Framework in order to develop questions that support inquiry • Understand the process of creating and refining questions that support inquiry • Develop questions that support inquiry in Social Studies Connecting Inquiry to The K-12 Social Studies Concept-Based Framework • Questioning is the heart of inquiry learning. • Students must ask relevant questions and develop ways to search for answers and generate explanations. • Emphasis is placed upon the process of thinking as this applies to student interaction with concepts, big ideas, data, topics, issues, and problems. The C3 Framework Set of interlocking and mutually reinforcing ideas featuring four dimensions of informed inquiry in social studies: • Developing questions and planning inquiries • Applying disciplinary tools and concepts • Evaluating sources and using evidence • Communicating conclusions and taking informed action For more detail review the October K-12 Social Studies Webinar October series located at http://ssnces.ncdpi.wikispaces.net/Fall+2013+Webinar+One Effective Questions • Captures the issues, problem, or challenge • Can arise from real-dilemmas that students find interesting • Consistent with curricular standards and frameworks • Goes to the heart of a discipline or topic • Open-ended and provocative • Organizes Inquiry Adapted from The Buck Institute Different Types of Questions • Philosophical: When is war justified? • Products: How can we plan an event that creates or celebrates the history of our community? • Problem Solving: Why do civilizations fail? • Real World/Scenario - What responsibilities, if any, does the government have in maintaining a middle class? Adapted from The Buck Institute Abstract What is justice? When is war justified? What is a hero? Concrete Are amusement park rides safe? Is our water at our school safe to drink? Can DNA evidence be trusted? How can we improve traffic flow at our school? Problem Solving Design Challenge How could we create a school mural to express our diversity within our school? History What is the price of “progress”? Was the American Revolution justified? What effect does the Civil War still have on us today? How can we bring peace to the Middle East? Social Studies What is the American Dream and who has it? How do immigrants meet the challenges of coming to a new country? Do victors really benefits from winning wars? How should we respond to terrorism? Why are books banned? How do we persuade others? How does literature reflect the time in which it was written? English Art How does art reflect its time? Is art worth its price? Should art be censored? Geography How does the place we live in affect how we live? How can we use geography to interpret the past? How do human actions modify the physical environment? Government Do we have too much freedom? What is the best form of government? How should criminals be treated? Should the Bill of Rights be revised? Science How will the land we live on change over time? Can we predict the weather? How can we stop the spread of infectious diseases? Should we produce genetically engineered foods? Math Is it better to buy or lease a car? How can we use probability to assess the state lottery system? Can we predict the growth of a websites use? Refining Questions Google-able Teacher Language Too Content Specific General Open Ended Engaging for Students Relevant Charge for Action “Google-able” • What are the major industries in our state? • What were the causes of the American Revolution? • What were the major forms of modern art? Open Ended • Why does our state produce the things it does? • Could England have avoided the revolt of the American colonies? • Does modern art reflect or inspire society? Sounds Too Much Like a Teacher • What did the ancient Greeks contribute to the development of Western Civilization? • What kind of development has occurred in North Carolina? • What were the causes of the Great Depression? Engaging for Students • Did the ancient Greeks help make us who we are today? OR How Greek are we? • Should a new shopping center be built on the land by the river near our town? • Could the Great Depression happen again? Avoid Repeating the Standards STANDARDS QUESTIONS 8.C&G.2.1 Evaluate the effectiveness of various approaches used to effect change in North Carolina and the United States (e.g. picketing, boycotts, sit-ins, voting, marches, holding elected office and lobbying). How effective were various approaches such as boycotting, picketing, and sitins used to impact NC laws? 7.G.1.1 Explain how environmental conditions and human response to those conditions influence modern societies and regions (e.g. natural barriers, scarcity of resources and factors that influence settlement). How has China been impacted by the development of it’s natural resources? Aligned to Standards without restating them STANDARDS QUESTIONS Is breaking the law ever justifiable? 7.G.1.1 Explain how environmental conditions and human response to those conditions influence modern societies and regions (e.g. natural barriers, scarcity of resources and factors that influence settlement). Will the environment be China’s downfall one day? Are we like China or not? Too General • What is a leader? • Which advertising techniques are most effective? • Why did the explorers journey to the Americas? • Who are the leaders in our community and how can we tell their stories? • How can we create a guide for other kids so they will know how advertisers try to get us to buy stuff? • How can we, as explorers, create a planning guide for leading an expedition? Go LOCAL!!!! • How can we help a small local business improve its advertising? • Should the city of Raleigh allow street artists to help gentrify the downtown area? • How do we design an exhibit on the Iroquois nation for the NC Museum of Natural History How can I use Questions effectively to support inquiry in Social Studies? Need more Practice? • Crafting the Driving Question • STEM MI Champions: Developing the Driving Question • Buck Institute: Wing Project "Crafting the Driving Question" Resources for Inquiry • The Buck Institute • NAF Project Based Learning Guide • The C3 Framework • History Lab! Research on Inquiry Based Learning • The Evidence Base for Social Studies: InquiryBased Learning • Educational Leadership: What Research Says About Project Based Learning • Edutopia's Project Based Learning Research Review K-12 Social Studies Updates Social Studies Updates NC Council for the Social Studies Conference (February 21-22) Thank You!