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4.2, 4.3
Gettysburg Address
by: Abraham Lincoln
President Lincoln dedicated a national
cemetery on the battlefield at Gettysburg on
November 19, 1863 to the soldiers who
were lost there. A few months earlier, on this
very same ground in Pennsylvania, more
than 7,000 men lost their lives fighting for
their cause.
Did you know that the
Gettysburg Address is
inscribed on the south wall
of the Lincoln Memorial?
Considered to be
one of the finest
speeches in the
English language.
At the time,
Lincoln's address
received mixed
reviews
The Gettysburg Address
By Abraham Lincoln
Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation,
conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any
nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We are met on a great
battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final
resting-place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is
altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this
ground. The brave men, living and dead who struggled here have consecrated it far
above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note nor long remember
what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living rather
to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so
nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining
before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for
which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that
these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new birth
of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not
perish from the earth.
From the Providence Journal (Rhode Island)
"We know not where to look for a more admirable speech than the brief one which
the President made at the close of Mr. Everett's oration ... Could the most elaborate
and splendid be more beautiful, more touching, more inspiring, than those thrilling
words of the President? They had in our humble judgment the charm and power of
the very highest eloquence."
From the Chicago Times (A Democrat newspaper)
"Readers will not have failed to observe the exceeding bad taste which
characterized the remarks of the President ... The cheek of every American must
tingle with shame as he reads the silly, flat, and dish-watery utterances of the man
who has to be pointed out to intelligent foreigners as the President of the United
States."
From Harrisburg's Patriot and Union (Pennsylvania - Gettysburg is in this state)
"We pass over the silly remarks of the President; ... the veil of oblivion shall be
dropped over them and ... they shall no more be repeated or thought of."
From the Richmond Examiner (Richmond, Virginia)
"Kings are usually made to speak in the magniloquent language supposed to be
suited to their elevated position. On the present occasion, Lincoln acted the clown."
1. There were two main political parties in Lincoln's time: the
Democrats and the Republicans. Lincoln was a Republican.
Why do you think the Chicago Times might not be a
Republican newspaper?
From the Chicago Times (A Democrat
newspaper)
"Readers will not have failed to observe the
exceeding bad taste which characterized the
remarks of the President ... The cheek of
every American must tingle with shame as he
reads the silly, flat, and dish-watery
utterances of the man who has to be pointed
out to intelligent foreigners as the President
of the United States."
What was the tone of the Chicago
Times news article? Was it in
favor of Lincoln or against? What
makes you think so? (Remember,
Lincoln is a Republican)
2. Was the Patriot and Union correct in its prediction? Why or
why not? Go back and review the Gettysburg Address. What
did Lincoln have to say about his words? Was he correct in his
own prediction? Why or why not?
From Harrisburg's Patriot and Union
(Pennsylvania - Gettysburg is in this
state)
"We pass over the silly remarks of the
President; ... the veil of oblivion shall be
dropped over them and ... they shall no
more be repeated or thought of."
Lincoln felt that his words
would not be remembered.
Why is that false?
3. Explain the tone of the Richmond Examiner and Providence
Journal editorials. Remember that tone is the attitude
conveyed by the writing.
From the Richmond Examiner (Richmond,
Virginia)
"Kings are usually made to speak in the
magniloquent language supposed to be suited
to their elevated position. On the present
occasion, Lincoln acted the clown."
Remember the tone evokes
feelings or expresses an
attitude. What was the
attitude of Richmond Examiner
and Providence Journal
editorials towards Lincoln?
From the Providence Journal (Rhode Island)
"We know not where to look for a more admirable speech than the brief one
which the President made at the close of Mr. Everett's oration ... Could the
most elaborate and splendid be more beautiful, more touching, more
inspiring, than those thrilling words of the President? They had in our
humble judgment the charm and power of the very highest eloquence."
#1 is saying that there is
nothing the living people
can do to make the
ground holy because
those that died for their
cause have already done
that. Knowing this, what
would this inspire people
to do?
#2 is saying we need to pay
attention and take notice of
what those people who died
here have done for us and our
freedom and to continue
fighting for the cause for which
they died. What does this
inspire people to do?
#3 is saying that our nation
will find a new freedom
from this fight and that this
freedom is for everyone.
Because of this, the
government which is led by
the people for the people
will always live on. What
does this inspire people to
do?
4.03 Civil War Images:
A picture is worth a thousand words.
The Civil War was
the first war to be
documented
through
photography, and
the impact of
images from this
time in history can
be quite powerful.
group
Portraits
Battlefield
Camp and Quarters
Let’s look at the photos
together!
Your notes should include:
•Write out the name of the photo and the category
•Tell me a very brief description of the photo
•Tell me two details in the picture
-your reactions to the photos in general
-your reactions to specific images
-observations of specific things about or in
the images
We will look at 11 photos to use in this assessment.  Be prepared to fill out your chart on the
student file as we go along.
CONGRATULATIONS!!!
We have just completed 4.2 and 4.3. Be sure to
submit your work from the student file to the
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Thank you all for participating! I enjoyed working with you, and I know you will do a
fabulous job on your exam!
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