RDA as a “first language”: teaching beginner cataloguers in RDA Deborah Lee CILIP CIG conference, 10/9/14 Obligatory cat However … the majority – not all – of this literature focusses on “conversion training” Canine revenge (That is, training existing cataloguers how to catalogue in RDA) What about those new to cataloguing? Going to use Courtauld’s cataloguing training to help answer this question Schedule 1. Outline of cataloguing training in RDA 2. Impact of local policies 3. Relationships 1. Outline of cataloguing training 1. Workshops • • • • 6-8 sessions of 3 hours In seminar room, not library Teaching methods: “Lectures” and “exercises” Reading between some sessions 1. Outline of cataloguing training 2. Practical cataloguing • • • • Produce “real” catalogue records on LMS Under review Written and verbal feedback provided “Assessment” is to produce enough perfect records for “independent status” Having fun practicing cataloguing! 1. Outline of cataloguing training Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 2013-14 cataloguing training Introduction to cataloguing, FRBR and RDA Titles Publication and exhibition notes Contents, carriers and media Relationships Authority control Other elements and putting everything together Practice and practical matters 1. Outline of cataloguing training Structure: Any notable differences from AACR2 training? • Slightly longer • More introductory material, e.g. FRBR • More time on relationships More details, see my article about teaching RDA 1. Outline of cataloguing training To look at question, consider two aspects: 1. Impact of local policies in designing and delivering cataloguing “in” RDA 2. Teaching the complex topic of relationships “in” RDA 2. Impact of local policies • Need local policies to work with RDA • More local policies in RDA than in AACR2 • Local policies significant part of RDA implementation • What is the impact of local policies on training new cataloguers in RDA? Remember, local policies are not about going against RDA, just about making consistent decisions about what is in RDA 2. Impact of local policies Produce excellent general cataloguers Need to do job in hand 2. Impact of local policies Ways of articulating local policies within training: Highlight verbally in training sessions Local policies indicated in guidelines In future, guidelines part of RDA Toolkit and will also be indicated 2. Impact of local policies Example of local policy: Courtauld RDA training 201314, week 2, slide 27. 2. Impact of local policies Issues with local policies • Complexity of explaining sometimes contradictory instructions • Sending staff to external training • Using online, existing training 3. Teaching relationships Structure of relationship training Relationships Week 5 of Courtauld training Week 6 of Courtauld training 3. Teaching relationships Week 5 structure [Relationships] 1. Relationships in RDA 2. Identifying Group 2 entities 3. MARC21 fields for group 2 entities 4. Relationship designators 5. Exhibition catalogue relationships Plus pictures of cute animals 3. Teaching relationships What did we learn about teaching RDA relationships? Concept of relationship designators very natural Difficult to split relationship designators from the group 2 entities when creating training Biggest structural change from AACR2, so longest session to write 3. Teaching relationships Working out basic “type”, e.g. artist creator, compilation, etc. Comprehension of consequences Choice of group 2 term Authority control, MARC21, punctuation Choice of relationship designator Relationship process in RDA 3. Teaching relationships Working out basic “type”, e.g. artist creator, compilation, etc. Comprehension of consequences Choice of group 2 term Authority control, MARC21, punctuation Relationship process in AACR2 3. Teaching relationships Error analysis • 78 records by one group of RDA “natives” 31 relationship errors to analyse 3. Teaching relationships Common errors • Decisions about artists as single creators • Not adhering to local practice on number of contributors • Dealing with multiple relationship designators for same Group 2 entity Lessons learnt: think carefully about how we teach these topics 3. Teaching relationships Categorise errors according to model … • Few errors: MARC21/punctuation • Most errors: relationship designators • 2nd highest no. of errors: “consequences” But … Errors in relationship designators actually mask misunderstanding of concepts, i.e. in consequences stage 3. Teaching relationships Working out basic “type”, e.g. artist creator, compilation, etc. Comprehension of consequences Choice of group 2 term Authority control, MARC21, punctuation Choice of relationship designator 3. Teaching relationships Changes and knowledge gained: 1. Some rules and guidelines need teaching more carefully, e.g. artists as single creators 2. Teach relationship designators alongside group 2 entities (as suggested by error analysis and creating training) 3. Radical (!) idea: explore teaching relationships before resource description? 3. Teaching relationships Proposed structure of week 5 relationships training: 1. Relationships in RDA 2. Identifying Group 2 entities 3. Relationship designators 4. MARC21 fields for group 2 entities 5. Exhibition catalogue relationships Concluding thoughts • Teaching cataloguing in RDA presents new challenges • RDA as “first language” has not been a hindrance In fact … teaching to those with RDA as a “first language”, could help teachers move closer to RDA becoming their first cataloguing language!