Group 8A
Allege: (v) to assert without proof or confirmation
Ex: allege mob connection
Arrant: (adj) thoroughgoing, out-and out;
shameless, blatant
Ex: an arrant scoundrel
Badinage: (n) light and playful conversation
Ex: dialogue full of delightful badinage
Conciliate: (v) to overcome the distrust of, win over;
to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
Ex: try to conciliate an enemy
Countermand: (v) to cancel or reverse one order or
command with another that is contrary to the first
Ex: countermand my previous instructions
Echelon: (n) one of a series of levels or grades in an
organization or field of activity; an organized
military unit; a step-like formation or arrangement
Ex: the lower echelon of government
Exacerbate: (v) to make more violent, severe, bitter
or painful
Ex: exacerbate the problem
Fatuous: (adj) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
Ex: a fatuous remark
Irrefutable: (adj) that cannot be disproved;
beyond argument (opposite of moot)
Ex: an irrefutable alibi
Juggernaut: (n) a massive and inescapable force
or object that crushes whatever is in its path
Ex: the juggernaut of war
Lackadaisical: (adj) lacking spirit or interest,
Ex: a lackadaisical performance
Synonyms: A
1. indisputable, incontrovertible, undeniable
2. Listless, indolent, indifferent, lax
3. A level of command
4. Banter, persiflage, repartee
5. A destructive force that is unavoidable
6. To aggravate, intensify, worsen
7. To reverse, recall, revoke
8. Out-and-out, thoroughgoing, egregious
9. Silly, vapid, inane, doltish, stupid, vacuous
10.To assert, claim, contend
11. to placate, pacify, appease; to reconcile
1. Irrefutable
2. Lackadaisical
3. Echelon
4. Badinage
5. Juggernaut
6. Exacerbate
7. Countermand
8. Arrant
9. Fatuous
11. Conciliate
Group 8B
Litany: (n) a prayer consisting of short appeals to
God recited by the leader alternating with
responses from the congregation; any repetitive
chant; a long list
Ex: recite an interminable litany of grievances
Macabre: (adj) grisly, gruesome; horrible,
distressing; having death as a subject
Ex: a macabre story
Mélange: (n) a mixture, medley
Ex: a strange mélange of fact and fiction
Paucity: (n) an inadequate quantity, scarcity,
Ex: a paucity of ideas
Portend: (v) to indicate beforehand that something
is about to happen; to give advance warning of
Ex: portend disaster
Raze: (v) to tear down, destroy completely; to cut
or scrape off or out
Ex: raze the old schoolhouse
Recant: (v) to withdraw a statement or belief to
which one has previously been committed,
renounce, retract
Ex: recant one’s testimony
Saturate: (v) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to
satisfy fully
Ex: a sponge that is saturated with water
Saturnine: (adj) of gloomy or surly disposition; cold
or sluggish in mood
Ex: of a decidedly saturnine temperament
Slough: (v) to cast off, discard; to get rid of
something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod
through or as if through mud
(n) a mire (quagmire) ; a state of depression
Ex: slough off old habits
Substantive: (adj) pertaining to the essence or
substance of something; existing in its own
right; real, not apparent; solid; of major
Ex: substantive evidence
Synonyms:8 All
1. indisputable, incontrovertible, undeniable
2. To retract, withdraw, repudiate, disavow
3. Sullen, morose, surly, gloomy
4. Listless, indolent, indifferent, lax
5. A scarcity, lack, dearth
6. A level of command
7. Banter, persiflage, repartee
8. To pull down, demolish; to shave off
9. A destructive force that is unavoidable
10.To aggravate, intensify, worsen
11.To reverse, recall, revoke
1. Irrefutable
2. Recant
3. Saturnine
4. Lackadaisical
5. Paucity
6. Echelon
7. Badinage
8. Raze
9. Juggernaut
12. A medley, farrago, potpourri, hodgepodge
13. out-and-out, thoroughgoing, egregious
14. Solid, firm, substantial; real; major
15. grotesque, grim, grisly, ghoulish
16. A rigmarole, catalog, megillah
17. silly, vapid, inane, doltish, stupid, vacuous
18. To assert, claim, contend
19. To bode, foretell, foreshadow, suggest
20. To placate, pacify, appease; to reconcile
21. To permeate, drench, flood, imbue
22. To shed, cast off, discard; to slog
12. Mélange
13. Arrant
14. Substantive
15. Macabre
17. Fatuous
18. Allege
19. Portend
20. Conciliate
21. Saturate
22. slough