Unit 15 Planning and Management of
Major Incidents
Lesson Three (P3, M2)
 Hi everyone .............
 Today we are going to look at what the effects are of major
incidents on people and places.
 A disaster effects lots of people in all kinds of ways.
 Major Incident in York Right Now!!!
 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-19725625
Today's Lesson!!!
 Effects of Major Incidents on People, Places
and Communities!!!
Major Incidents
 Whenever you have a major incident there are lots of people
affected by it.
 Two types: Directly Affected: (At the time)
- Individuals
- Rescue Workers
- Communities
- Environment
Major Incidents
 Also people can be indirectly affected by a major incident:
-Local communities can be destroyed.
-Loss of tourism, trade and business.
-Long Term Changes to Environments.
-Changes in Politics
-War and Conflicts.
The Direct Effects of a Major Incident
 The first people who are effected by a major incident are the
individuals involved within the incident.
 People can be killed, injured, lose their homes, businesses,
the environment can be polluted and contaminated.
Boscastle Floods 2004
Boscastle Floods in 2004. The floods happened in Cornwall.
Flash Floods!!!
 In the flash floods at Boscastle the flooding caused direct
damage to those Individuals whose houses or businesses were
ruined by flood water.
Tourism in the area was massively affected and shops and
businesses destroyed.
In Pictures.........
Boscastle Floods 2004
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjOEdeAAyA4
Sum Up for the Floods
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yt8dix5j6pY
The Rescue Operation.
Boscastle 2004: Indirectly Affected
Local Town
Local Town
The Sea
So in Boscastle ......
 Properties within the town were destroyed.
 Trees were uprooted and farmland destroyed.
 Bridges collapsed and cars and buildings were washed into the sea.
 Environmental damage from cars and sewage.
 Write down the individuals who were affected in this
Major Incident?
Class Work
9/11 The Attack on the Twin Towers
What have been the Direct and Indirect impacts of
The Effects of 9/11
 Direct: Casualties, Impacts on the Rescue Workers, Damage
to the City, Environmental damage caused by the destruction
of the towers.
 Indirect: Conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, Security Changes,
Social Changes, Redesign of Planes and Buildings,
Discrimination, Fear, Secret War on Terrorism.
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t2O92H7MRuY
Direct Affects of a Major Incident
2. Effects on Rescue Workers
 In many major incidents there are many different rescue
workers involved.
 Many people In Major Incidents can be dead, badly injured,
burned or trapped under wreckage.
 Casualties include Men, women and children.
Rescue Workers
 Rescue workers have not only got to witness these terrible
scenes but also try and help these casualties.
 Frustration of loosing people.
 Little time is given to how the Rescue workers are feeling
and many experience trauma or PTSD as a result. Many can
become unfit for duty.
In Pictures .......
How do these images
make you feel?
Direct Affects of a Major Incident
 Loss of Law and Order
With any major incident there is so much strain placed on the
UPS. Also lots of resources are needed and so as a result
there can be a breakdown in law and order. Increases in theft
and looting.
Direct Affects of a Major Incident
 Loss of Power and Utilities
In many major incidents, gas, electric and water supplies can be
cut off or damaged. This creates further problems as the
rescue operation is slowed. Further disasters can also be
 The final major impact of major incidents on communities is
the increased spread of disease.
 Disease is spread quickly by unclean areas and areas who have
lost power and clean water.
 Floods also spill huge amounts of waste into the
 Typhoid becomes more common. Pakistan!!
Foot and Mouth 2001
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PtSTo0Sb-o
 Watch this video and think about the affects of this major
incident on communities, individuals and rescue workers.
 Create a table to show this.
To sum up!!
 Direct Impacts: such as loss of homes, businesses, farmland,
environment, loss of life or casualties.
 Indirect Impacts: Businesses may be forced to go out of
business and so loose jobs elsewhere, tourism impacts,
environmental damage, long term changes to areas or
societies, indirect wars or conflicts, changes in politics.

Unit 15 Planning and Management of Major Incidents