Topic #9 – The First People
 Date – 9/17/13
 WAR:
1st, 6th, 7th period - Draw some pictures that you think best
represent your life. If these were cave drawings, what would
an archeologist say about your life?
 3rd, 4th, 5th period – Think of a sentence you would
like to tell one of your neighbors. Then, without
talking or writing down the words, try to
communicate that to them in one minute. You may
use body language, sounds, or pictures, but that is
all. Then, switch and have the other student try to
tell you something using the same method. When
you are finished, write 3-5 sentences on the WAR
side of your ISN describing your experience and
how you felt throughout that time.
 Prehistory: the time before writing was
invented, which includes the STONE
 The first humans lived during the Stone
 The Stone Age is divided into 3 periods
based upon the type of tools that were
made: Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and
 Tool: any handheld object that has been
changed to help a person do a task.
What is the Paleolithic
 AKA The Old Stone Age
 Lasted until about 10,000 years ago
 Tools were made out of sharpened stones or bones
 Most were used to cut food
 More advanced tools were made over time such as
the hand ax and spear
 As tools developed, people formed societies,
communities of people who share the same culture
What is the Paleolithic
Era? (cont.)
 Early humans lived in hunter-gatherer societies
 Spoken language developed over time
 Artwork during this time were carved figures made
of stone, ivory or bone, and cave paintings, which
may have had religious meaning
 Very little is known about their religious beliefs
 WIO: List some hardships that early huntergatherers faced as suggested by the picture on p. 32.
 Topic #10 – Early Migration
 Date 9/18/13
 WAR:
 Take out homework for grading
 Read p. 36-37 and answer the Reading Check
question on p. 37
 Climate patterns around the world began to change
the earth’s geography
 People had to migrate, or move to new places to
Stone Cold
What are the Ice Ages?
 1.6 million years ago, the Earth experienced long
periods of freezing weather called the Ice Ages
 Ocean levels were lower than today and places that
are underwater now used to be dry land!
 Land bridges were exposed allowing people to move
more easily to other continents
Ex: The Bering Strait Land Bridge, which connected
Asia to N. America
How did early humans
settle in new lands?
 Migration took hundreds of thousands of years
 Began in Africa about 2 million years ago
 Early humans branched out to other continents such
as Asia, Europe, Australia, and even on to North and
South America
 Must have used land bridges to move around
Open your textbooks to page 37 and let’s analyze the
map of Early Human Migration.
How did people adapt
to new environments?
 Fire- kept people warm
 Sewed animal skins to keep warm
 Took up shelter in caves or built small dwellings
 Developed new types of tools during the Mesolithic
Era such as hooks, spears, bow and arrow (still used
stone and bone)
 Developed new technology such as canoes, pottery,
and keeping pets for protection and hunting such as
I like to move it, move it
 There are two types of migration: voluntary and
forced. Which of these do you think early humans
took part in?
 Write three lines to a song that they may have sung
while traveling.
Title #11 – Beginning of Agriculture
Date 9/19/13
1st, 6th, 7th period: Read p. 41 and answer the following
question: What was the Neolithic Revolution?
3rd, 4th, 5th period: Read p. 41-42 and answer the
following question: Which do you think had more
significant results – the domestication of plants or
Section 3: Beginnings of
 The discovery that plants grew from seeds was one
of the major advances of the late Stone Age
 This created a tidal wave of changes and advances
that swept across the world!
What is the Neolithic
 AKA the New Stone Age
 began about 10,000 years ago in Southwest Asia
 Learned to make drills and saws out of stone and
how to make fire
 This age ended when people began to make tools out
of metal and how to produce food
How was farming
 The climate began to warm up and new plants began
to grow such as barley and wheat
 People began to settle where these new plants grew
 Soon learned they could plant seeds themselves
 This shift from gathering plants to planting them is
called the Neolithic Revolution
 First occurred in Southwest Asia
What is domestication?
 It is the process of changing plants or animals to
make them more useful
 People began to plant only the largest grains and
sweetest fruits, which led to agriculture, or farming.
 People also learned how to use animals such as
keeping herds of sheep or cattle to use for food and
 Also used animals for heavy pulling or
 Using animals greatly improved farming
How did farming
change societies?
 Because of farming, people could focus on other
 People used plant fibers and domesticated animals to
make cloth
 Began to build permanent settlements
 World’s population began to grow as people were
able to control their food production
 Specialization in jobs (basket-weaving, tool-making,
How did farming
change societies? (cont.)
 Religious groups began to form and people put up
megaliths, huge stones used as monuments
Ex: Stonehenge in England
 Prehistoric gods probably represented air, water,
fire, or earth
 People prayed to their ancestors (ancestral worship)
 How did farming contribute to the growth of towns?