By: Amelia Pike, Joey Longobardi, Stephan
Sargenti, Nicholas Higgins, and Thomas Melvin
Industrial Revolution
 Industrial Revolution was the transition to new
manufacturing processes that occurred in the 18th
and 19th Centuries.
Famous People
 Jethro Tull invented the horse drawn seed drill,
was used to plant seeds in straight rows.
Jethro Tull
 Robert Blakewell invented stock breeding, this improved
quality of animals to produce more meat, milk, and wool.
Cyrus McCormick
 Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical
reaper, this made grain harvesting easier.
Cotton Gin was
invented by Eli Whitney
in 1793. The cotton gin
was made to separate
the cottonseeds from
the raw cotton. This
The Horse Drawn Sea
Drill was perfected by
Jethro Tull in 1701. The
machine was designed to
put seeds neatly in rows.
This machine helped
farmers plant their seeds
Horse Drawn Seed Drill
Cotton Gin
Stock Breeding improved the
quality of animals to produce
more meat, milk and wool.
The stockbreeding methods
were introduced by Robert
Bakewell and these methods
transformed the quality of
Britain’s cattle, horses, and
Stock Breeding
Advancements Cont.
Crop Rotation was started by
Charles “Turnip” Townshend, a
farmer who came up with a way to
preserve destroying the soil by
using different kinds of crops in a
rotation. The crop rotation consisted
of: wheat, turnips, oats, and clovers.
Townshend’s system became a basic
principle of modern farming.
Mechanical Reaper was a
harvesting tool created by
Cyrus McCormick, which
made harvesting grain
easier. It was introduced to
other farmers in 1831.
Key Terms and Definitions
 Factors of production- basic resources necessary for
 Mechanization- use of automatic machinery to increase
 Mass production- the production of large quantities of a
standardized article (often using assembly line techniques).
 Corporation- Company or group of people that legally work as
one person
 Business cycle- a cycle of economic expansion and contraction
 Free enterprise- of economic expansion and contraction
 Enclosure movement- in the 1600s farmers started to close off
their lands with fences
Key Terms and Definitions Cont.
 Domestic system- a system where men and women work in their
 Factory system- a manufacturing method for a standardized
product or products in which fixed capital, raw material, and labor
operations are centralized and sophisticated machinery is often
 Industrial revolution- rapid development of industry in England
in the late 17th and 18thcenturies
 Crop rotation- where farmers alternated types of crops on their
 Factory system- Richard Arkwrite opened a spinning mill and put
multiple workers in one place and they worked a certain amount
of hours for a certain amount of money. 1784.
 Bessemer process- a way of making steel where air was forces
through molten iron to burn out impurities like carbon.
Predictions For Its
Impact on Great Britain
 Since inventors had invented new things for
farming, inventions such as the mechanical reaper
and the horse drawn seed drill would increase
production time and quantity, which will result in a
surplus of food.
 This would allow Great Britain to trade more which
could change their economic status.
Unemployed farmers would then
move to cities to work in factories for
higher pay.
Farmers would now able to produce
more crops in a shorter time period.
Predictions For How it Will Spread and
How it Will Impact Other Countries
 People from different countries trading with Great Britain
would see their ways of producing crops and clothes and
take it back to where they are from and try and make
similar things.
 People from different places could buy factory equipment
from Great Britain and make their own factories.
 Other countries will start to use England’s new ideas and
inventions in agriculture.
 Farms all over the world will start using the new
 Eventually the entire world will industrialize the
agriculture system.
Why is Our Topic the
Most Important?
 Agriculture is the most important because food and
cotton were made from plants so without vegetables
plants and stalks and cotton, people would starve
and freeze because they wouldn’t have food nor
 Agriculture is the most important because every
living person needs food in order to live and
agriculture produces that food.
 If they didn’t have cotton being harvested, people
would be cold because they wouldn’t have clothes.