Instructional Design
Guadalupe Castillo
What is the ADDIE Model?
 It is used by instructional designers as well as training
 The ADDIE Model stands:
Historical Overview
 The ADDIE Model has been around since 1975
 It was generally known as
 SAT (System Approach to Training)
 ISD (Instructional System Design).
 The ADDIE model was at first a linear model, then in
1984, the model evolved into phases when it was being
used by the U.S. Army.
ADDIE’S Phases
 The ADDIE Model includes five phases which include:
 Analysis
 Design
 Development
 Implementation
 Evaluation
Analysis Phase
 The Analysis phase is the starting point. It is in this phase
were designers and trainers identify a problem and its
possible solution as well as the following:
 Goals
 Objectives
 Learning outcomes
 Instructional methods
 Materials
Design Phase
 It is in this phase that strategies for developing an
instruction , the following are implicated in this phase:
 Learning objectives
 Assessment instruments
 Exercises
 Content
 Subject matter analysis
 Lesson planning
 Media selection
Development Phase
 This phase is based on the Analysis and Design phase, the
course materials is developed as well as the the course and
the following:
 Course content
 Assignments
 Assessments
 Course structure
 Supporting documentation
Implementation Phase
 In this phase, the delivery of the instruction takes place.
The instruction might be implicated in a classroom, lab,
or computer based setting.
 The following takes place in this phase:
 Instruction is initiated
 Course curriculum
 Learning outcomes
 Methods of delivery
 Testing procedures
Evaluation Phase
 The Evaluation phase
occurs throughout the
whole instructional design
process, and within the
five ADDIE phases.
Evaluation Phase
 This phase consists of two types of evaluations
 Formative evaluation, which is present in each stage of the
ADDIE process.
It is an ongoing evaluation that helps improve the instruction
before any final versions are implemented.
 Summative evaluation , which consists of tests designed for
domain specific criterion-related referenced items and
providing opportunities for feedback from the users.
This evaluation is an assessment of the overall effectiveness of the
instruction. For example when we take a college course, at the end
of the semester we evaluate the course.
 The ADDIE Model is,
 Used by instructional designers and training developers.
 Includes 5 phases that include:
Works Cited
 ADDIE model instructional design. (n.d.). About E-Learning | Online Degrees | Online
Colleges | Online Distance Education. Retrieved June 14, 2011, from
 ADDIE Model. (2011, March 28). Instructional Design. Retrieved June 17, 2011, from
 Caruso, S. (2011, April 7). The ADDIE Instructional Design Process |
EAdultEducation - Adult Learning Theories and Research. Retrieved June 14, 2011,
 Clark, D. (n.d.). ADDIE Model. Colocation | Broadband Wireless | Dedicated Servers | Web
Design & Development | DSL | Web Hosting | Infinity Internet. Retrieved June 14,
2011, from
 Instructional Design Using the Addie Model. (2010, January 16). Raleigh Way's Test Page.
Retrieved June 14, 2011, from