The Chicano
Movement
1
Chicano
• A Mexican American
• A term of ethnic pride
• Developed out of the
Hispanic Civil Rights
Movement.
2
COLD CALL…
3
Chicano
Movement
• Focused on 3 main Points:
–Farm Workers
–Educational Rights
–Voting and Political Rights
4
United Farm Workers
• During the 1940’s and 1950’s
landowners in the West, especially
California exploited their workers.
• The U.S. had allowed Mexicans to
work in the U.S. during WWII.
However, after the war employers
were suppose to give preference to
U.S. citizens.
5
THINK-PAIR-SHARE…
• THINK – What are 2 ways that the
employers may have “exploited”
the Mexican workers?
• PAIR with someone close to you
• SHARE what you came up with
6
United Farm Workers
• Most employers continued to
use Mexican workers, because
they could pay them very low
wages, make them work long
hours without a break, and
mistreat them. They were also
denied the ability to become
citizens.
7
United Farm Workers
8
United Farm Workers
• Cesar Chavez and Dolores
Huerta joined their two
organizations to create the
United Farm Workers.
• The goal was to unionize for
better wages, working
conditions, benefits.
9
10
United Farm Workers
• The group staged peaceful
protests and boycotts.
• They organized workers which
forced the employers to meet
their demands.
• Filipinos also joined the
workers.
11
12
United Farm Workers
• Benefits:
13
–Specific Hours and Pay
–Toilets and Water in fields
–Pension after retirement
–Protective gear against pesticides
–Amnesty for workers brought
illegally.
Educational Rights
• Issues in education:
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–Hispanic students were often
placed in segregated schools.
–Unfair practices against Hispanic
students
–College and University students
worked with African Americans
to established rights for both.
15
The
Brown
Berets
and Black
Panthers
met in
the
1970’s.
16
Educational Rights
• Groups such as the Brown
Berets and MAYO all formed
to help fight for the rights of
students.
• Students led Walkouts,
Protests, and sit-in through
out the West Coast.
17
Educational
Improvements
• Introduction of Bi-lingual
education in public schools.
• Integration of Hispanic
students into White schools.
• Outlawed manual labor as a
punishment.
18
Educational Improvements
• Introduction of Black and
Hispanic History classes on
College Campuses.
19
Voting and Political Rights
• Hispanic Americans were often
segregated and persecuted as
African Americans had been.
• La Raza Unida Political Party
–Fought for the rights of Hispanic
Americans
20
Voting and Political Rights
• 1975: The Voting Rights Act of
1965 is extended to Hispanics.
• University of California v.
Bakke
–Universities could not use
Affirmative Action to limit
Hispanics in Universities.
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chicano movement powerpoint - Hickman Mills C