What is an Engineer? Introduction Marc Rouleau, PE Bachelors degree in electrical engineering and masters degree in civil engineering Licensed professional engineer in electrical engineering Tom Conrecode, PE Bachelors degree in civil engineering Licensed professional engineer in civil engineering What is Engineering The profession in which math and science gained by study, experience, and practice - is applied with judgment to develop ways to economically use the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of society. History of Engineering Evidence that engineering was practiced more than 4,500 years ago: History of Engineering 1200 B.C. – A.D. 1 Siege towers are perfected Greeks develop manufacturing Archimedes introduces mathematics in Greece Concrete is used for arched bridges, roads and aqueducts in Rome History of Engineering A.D. 1 – 1400 Chinese further develop the study of mathematics Cotton and silk are manufactured Leonardo Fibinacci Creates our decimal system (0,1,2,3,4…), replacing the Roman numeral system (no zero, I, II, III, IV…). Writes the first Western text on algebra Creates the root symbol: History of Engineering 1400 - 1800 First toilet is invented in England Otto von Guerick shows the existence of a vacuum Issac Newton constructs first reflecting telescopes Boyle’s Gas Law, stating pressure varies inversely with volume, is first introduced Society of Engineers, a professional engineering society, is formed in London History of Engineering What are engineers working on today? Alpine Mega Tunnel – a 95 mile tunnel through the Swiss Alps – the longest tunnel in the world Perdido Spar (Shell Oil) – worlds deepest oil well. Located in more than 9,000 feet of water, 2 miles off the coast of Texas Battery technology – working to create faster charging and longer lasting batteries What is the Difference Between a Scientist and an Engineer? Scientist: Develops knowledge from analysis and study Characteristic activity: research Work in fields such as: Engineer: A practitioner of science is a scientist Obtained from Wikipedia under science and engineering Characteristic activity: creative design Work in disciplines such as: Civil Engineering Mechanical Engineering Electrical Engineering Biology Chemistry Physics Uses knowledge of math and science to create something new A practitioner of engineering is an engineer What is the Difference Between a Scientist and an Engineer? Scientists discover the world that exists; engineers create the world that never was.” -Theodore Von Karman, Aerospace Engineer Engineering Disciplines Electrical Engineers Work with electricity, electromagnetic fields, and light Design products such as cell phones, computers, antennas, televisions, and appliances Design power generation and distribution systems Mechanical Engineers Work with machines and systems that involve the production and use of heat Design cars, heating and air conditioning systems, and manufacturing systems Biomedical Engineers Work with the mechanical and chemical properties of the human body Design prosthetic devices and medical diagnostic systems Engineering Disciplines Civil Engineers Work with physics and materials Design buildings, roads, bridges, storm water systems Chemical Engineers Work with physics, chemistry and biology Design medicines, fertilizers, semiconductors, food additives (such as flavorings) Aerospace Engineers Work with aerodynamics, propulsion and navigation Design aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, missiles, and rockets There are many more disciplines! Who is an Engineer? Tom Scholz – Founder and lead singer of the band Boston Engineer? Who is an Engineer? Tom Scholz – Founder and lead singer of the band Boston Yes! Graduated with a Bachelors and Masters degree in mechanical engineering from MIT. Who is an Engineer? Jimmy Carter - 39th President Engineer? Who is an Engineer? Jimmy Carter - 39th President Yes! Graduated from the Naval Academy with a Bachelors Degree in nuclear engineering. Served on a submarine, as a Navy Officer operating the nuclear power plant. Who is an Engineer? Cindy Crawford – Model Engineer? Who is an Engineer? Cindy Crawford Model No! Attended Northwestern University to study Chemical Engineering on a scholarship. She dropped out after one semester. Who is an Engineer? Rowan Atkins – AKA Mr. Bean – comedian Engineer? Who is an Engineer? Rowan Atkins – AKA Mr. Bean – comedian Yes! Graduated from Newcastle University with a Bachelors Degree in electrical engineering, then obtained his Masters in engineering from Oxford. Who is an Engineer? Montel Williams – talk show host Engineer? Who is an Engineer? Montel Williams – talk show host Yes! Graduated from the Naval Academy in 1980 with a Bachelor of Science in engineering. Served 9 years as a Navy Officer. Engineers are Everywhere! Orbiting in space Designing bridges Designing cars Exploring the ocean Creating soles for your sneakers Developing your next favorite candy bar They can be comedians, talk show hosts and Presidents too! Who Hires Engineers? The Obvious: Microsoft Apple Hewlett Packard AT&T Ford Motor Company NASA Florida Power and Light Army Corps of Engineers Who Hires Engineers? The Less Obvious: CIA - Uses engineers not for design, but for their analytical minds Many Branches of the Federal Government Disaster response teams – provide on-site engineering support Structural inspection Disaster recovery strategies Who Hires Engineers? The Less Obvious: Navy Operate power plants on ships and submarines Maintain military installations Provide support during combat operations What does it take to be an Engineer? You don’t have to be a genius to be an Engineer… People who become Engineers: Are CURIOUS about how things work Solve interesting life problems Design and experiment Calculate using math and science Work with others as a team Sound like you??? Why be an Engineer? Fun Great variety in your work You get to build or improve things You get to use your creative ideas to solve problems You get to work on a team Lots of Job Opportunities Engineers are in high demand There are more engineering jobs than engineers Your Education Continues You will need to continue studying to remain relevant Why be an Engineer? Earning Potential Engineers earn one of the highest salaries of any career with a 4 or 5-year degree From the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2012): Occupation Average Salary Electrical Engineer $87,920 Mechanical Engineer $80,580 Biomedical Engineer $86,960 Civil Engineer $79,340 Chemical Engineer $94,350 Aerospace Engineer $103,720 How do you become an Engineer? EDUCATION Middle and High School Do well in your math classes – this is the foundation of your engineering education!! Prepare yourself for college: Algebra I & II Geometry Trigonometry Calculus Chemistry Physics Computer Programming Advanced placement classes are ideal How do you become an Engineer? EDUCATION College Most engineering degrees are completed in 4-5 years Attend a school that is Accredited by Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET)! Assures graduates from the program are prepared for graduate school and the workforce Degrees from non-accredited schools will preclude licensure Most graduate programs require Bachelor degrees from ABET schools Join Engineering Honor Societies and participate Work hard to obtain the highest Grade Point Average – especially in your discipline! There is no do-over to improve a low GPA No one wants to hire a C student! How do you become an Engineer? STAY IN SCHOOL! If it was easy, everyone would be an engineer DO WELL IN SCHOOL! GRADUATE! How do you become an Engineer? The next 3 years in high school and especially the following 4-5 years in college drastically impact the quality of your adult life! You can play now… …or play later Engineer Licensure So you have an engineering degree and are ready to take on the world…not so fast…for some disciplines you will need a license! Certain fields of engineering, especially those that put the health and welfare of people at risk (civil and structural engineers in particular), require licensure To become licensed, engineers must: Complete obtain a bachelors degree in engineering from an ABET accredited college Work under a Professional Engineer for at least four years Pass two intensive competency exams Earn a license from their state's licensure board. Any QUESTIONS?