NAF Instructional Strategy:
Defining Format
The goal of literacy instruction is the attainment of fluency
Speaking
FLUENCY
Reading
Writing
Writing genres in NAF courses include texts students
will encounter in college and career
• Essays (personal, explanatory,
persuasive)
• Research reports
• Business letters, memos, emails,
and proposals
• Directions
• Resumes and cover letters
• Skits
• Editorials, reviews, blogs
• Ads, brochures, press
releases
The defining format captures a word’s
characteristics
Question
What is
dessert?
Dessert
Category
Characteristics
is a course of a That
meal
Defining Format advantages:
Works best with words that have a range of attributes: the ocean, eyes.
Examples of words that are either too vague or too one-dimensional to
use this way: the year 2010, crayons.
The process of thinking about a term in this way causes students to
make new connections; to think of the term as related to a range of
topics rather than in isolation, which in turn helps with retention and
with using the word in future writing assignments
Requires specificity and clarity of language, while encouraging class
discussion
Requires actively thinking about a term, rather than passively writing
the definition down
Great way for teacher to check for level of understanding
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Defining Format advantages: