Friedrich
Fröbel
Power Point by Carlos Mota,
UTAD, 2010.
Born in 1782 at
Oberweissbach,
Thuringia
At 9 months
was
motherless.
His father was a
Protestant
minister.
Fröbel moved to
his uncle's home in
Stadtil
In 1801 he
attended courses
in Science,
Philosophy,
Architecture and
Mineralogy
In 1805 he
studied
Architecture
Live to Frankfurt
In 1799 he visited
his brother at the
University of Jena
Became a
disciple of
Pestalozzi
He visited Yverdon
Back to
Yverdon in
1808 to study
the method
of Pestalozzi.
In 1813 he
voluntarily
enlists in the
war fighting in
the Prussian
army against
Napoleon's
France.
In 1816 he
returned to
his homeland.
He then
dedicated
himself to the
education of
his nephews
Educational Institute,
applied at Homestead
Keilhau
In 1826 he
publishes
"The
Education
of Man"
In 1837 he
founded the
first
kindergarten
crucial
milestone in
the History
of Education
in the West.
In 1848 there was
a political
revolution in
Germany.
The German
government
prohibited the
existence of
Kindergartens.
In 1852, Fröbel, very
uncomfortable with
that law from the
German government,
dies.
After his death
the Baroness
MarenholtzBulow
disseminates his
work in Europe.
In 1861, the
Kindergartens could
return to work in
Germany.
In 1892 was
founded a
kindergarten with
his name: Fröbel,
Kindergarten.
Fröbel was the first person that used toys
for educational purposes.
He idealized systematic resources for children to
express themselves: the building blocks that were used
by children in their creative activity, paper, cardboard,
clay and sawdust.
He was concerned in observating children and
understanding their development.
 To Frobel humans develop according to
these steps:
1- Childhood;
2- Infancy ;
3- Puberty;
4- Youth;
5- Maturity
Tours to the mountains and valleys were made weekly at school with
Fröbel. In his view, nature had enormous power to help children to
understand herself and others.
The appreciation of hiking as a form of study would constitute a dash
of pedagogical movement known as "New School". Note that the
"study tours" are still widely used as pedagogical activity of great
importance.
In his “Education of Man” from
1826
• Fröbel states that "education is the
process by which an individual develops a
self-conscious human condition, with all
their
power
running
track
and
harmoniously in relation to nature and
society. Moreover, it was the same
process by which humanity as a whole,
originally had risen above the animal and
will continue to grow until their present
condition. It involves both the individual
and the universal evolution. "
Main categories of educational conceptions
of Friedrich Fröbel
The pupil must be treated according to his
dignity as child of God, within a climate of
understanding and freedom; the educator
is required to comply with the pupil
throughout his integrity.
The education of children takes place
through three types of operations:
action,
playing,
work.
The great task of Education is to help man
to know himself, to live in peace with
Nature and in union with God. It's what he
called “integral education”.This conception
of human being is deeply religious.
Contemporary features of his work:
 Even today his work continues accurate. Fröbel
was the first educator to emphasize the toy, the
playful activity, to grasp the meaning of family in
human relations. For him, for example, the story
told by teachers must be told the child "not only
in their own language, but through songs,
representations, figures, or construction of
simple objects with paper, clay or other material."
 The brighter Fröbel’s idea that contributed more to modern pedagogy
was that human beings are essentially dynamic and productive and
not merely receptive, "Man is a self-generating power and not a
sponge, absorbing knowledge from abroad."
• Power Point by Carlos A. M. G. Mota,
2010.
• http://www.utad.pt/en/departments/hss/
educational_sciences/teaching_staff.ht
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Friedrich Fröbel Power Point