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Unit 4: data commentary
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P80: Location Elements and Summaries
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P82: Language Focus: Verbs in Indicative
and Informative summaries
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Table 6 and 7, present tense, both active and
passive
P81, informative. To be used as alternative.
P83, Table 8
P82: Language Focus: Linking as-Clauses
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P83: main standard uses
HW: p84, task 4
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Unit 4: data commentary
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P85: Highlighting Statements
P86: Qualifications and Strength of Claim
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Remember the examples in p86-87
P88: weaker verbs
HW: p88, task 6
P89: combined qualifications
HW: p90, task 7
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Unit 4: data commentary
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P90: Organization
major claims are followed by minor claims
Do NOT simply repeat the numbers in the
tables
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Use comparison: more, fewer, 21% more/less,
twice, 3.5-fold increase…
P97: dealing with ‘problems’: remember the
phrases
HW: write ‘Results’ for the table in next slide
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6-min high-intensity
cycling performed every
hr for 16 hr.
Muscle biopsy data
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Dealing with graphs
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P99: follow the same principles as with
tables
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But with different vocabularies
P101: Language Focus: Referring to Lines on
Graphs
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Common mistakes
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找出data重點
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不要太刻意使用 however, in addition, …
清楚說明變數
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圖表中Data 呈現的順序
少用it, they, ; 直接寫出 glucose, lactate, and
pyruvate…
Grammar
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were significantly decreased, showed a
significant decrease
There was no significant difference after
exercise…
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Tennis skill test results performed before and after treatment
2 treatments: placebo or HCO3
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measured before and after treatment
2 treatments: placebo or HMB