Reflecting on Ideology, Action and
Citizenship
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
1
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2004 elections in the Ukraine-pgs 476-478
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fNeFbndb
42c&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=65FjUa_Ar
FU&feature=related
http://131.125.2.183/orangedocs/
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
2
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For over 300 years the interaction of African
(blacks) and white settlers was one of distrust,
violence and hate
From 1948 to 1994 South Africa had a
government policy of segregation and
discrimination
The struggle of Black South Africans to end
apartheid was led by a number of organizations
who viewed themselves as liberation movements
most notably the African National Congress or
ANC
Another group, the Pan-African Congress (PAC)
was also formed
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
3
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The ANC was led by Nelson Mandela
These groups first started out using peaceful
means of protest but by March 1960 they were
engaging in violent protests as well
Because of these actions the ANC and PAC were
banned by the government but it did not stop the
protests and they even had more violent protests
In 1962 Nelson Mandela was arrested and
imprisoned
The world started punishing South Africa for its
policies
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
4
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They were banned from the Olympics and the
United Nations and many other world bodies
and sports competitions
Eventually South Africa started to change its
policies and views
Eventually Mandela was released from prison
in 1990 and the ANC was also allowed to
officially be an organization again
In 1994 Mandela and the ANC won the first
open and free elections that were held in
South Africa
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
5
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After apartheid the South African government
established the Truth and Reconciliation
Commission (TRC) that helped South Africa
deal with its racist past
Many people testified before this commission
to describe life under apartheid
This process helped South Africa move
beyond apartheid to become a stable country
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
6
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http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d7PxQmw
-PZI&feature=related
http://www.world2010cup.com/news/193/vi
deo-waka-waka-world-cup-2010-officialsong.html
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
7
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Pg. 485-brief history of the war and U.S.
involvement in Vietnam
One of the main outcomes of the Vietnam war
was the involvement of everyday people in
voicing their opinions about that conflict
The anti-war movement started slowly
At first it was academics that were opposed
to the war
It was not until the implementation of the
draft did people start to take actionProgram of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
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Many were opposed to being told that they had
to go and fight in a war that they did not believe
in
Many tried to avoid the draft by seeking various
exemptions based on marital status, educational
commitments or physical and mental issues
Others left the U.S. as draft dodgers and went to
places like Canada and Sweden
The anti-war movement was in full swing by the
late 1960’s and it was characterized by student
activism, political engagement, free expression in
the counter-culture and the questioning of
authority
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
9
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The daily television reporting of the war was
one of the key elements in bringing
opposition to the war to the forefront
The nightly viewing of death and destruction
became offensive to many Americans
Opposition to the way started in earnest after
1968 and only got louder until the U.S. pulled
out of Vietnam
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
10
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Students for Democratic Society (SDS) became
one of the main groups that were focused on
demonstrating against the war-Make Love Not
War and Burn the card, not people were two of
their main slogans
Various U.S. presidents had to deal with the
public animosity and finally in 1973 a peace
treaty was signed
In April 1975 the last of the U.S. troops left and
North Vietnam captured Saigon and in 1976 all of
Vietnam became a united communist country
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
11
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Canada has been involved militarily in
Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban in 2001
Besides the military operation Canada has tried
to be involved in humanitarian assistance
Canada’s mission is due to end in 2011
Those opposed to the war feel that we can make
no difference and that we are in fact causing
more resistance against the West and that
insurgent groups are getting stronger
There have been some peace rallies across
Canada
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
12
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http://youtube.com/watch?v=_uDrt4LRXi4&fe
ature=related
Program of Studies: 4.8-Evaluate
the extent to which ideology
should shape responses to
contemporary issues
13
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Chapter 14-Social Studies 30-1