This project will give you information regarding two major
volcanoes and the countries that they are in. In this project I
am talking about Mount Vesuvius, this is situated in Naples in
Italy a MEDC the other volcano Mount Popocaepetl, situated
in Mexico which is an LEDC .These are two totally different
places and this is why I will be talking about them today. You
may already know some of the information included but,
hopefully you can learn something new from this project. I
hope you enjoy this project so read on to find out
more………
An MEDC Stands for a
more economically
developed country.
An example could be Spain
or the United Kingdom.
An LEDC stands for a less
economically developed country.
An example could be Mexico or
Iceland.
It means that the country
is richer so that it can afford
more for the welfare of the
whole population and things
related to the country
It means that the country is not
as developed and cannot afford
as much as the income is lower
than an MEDC for the people and
the country on a whole.
Most of these countries
are found in Europe or in the
USA on a whole
It could be a Third World
country in Africa, in parts of Asia
or a country in South America.
•Mount Vesuvius lies in the Bay
of Naples in South West of Italy.
•As you can see on the satellite
view there is a dark area quite
visible.This is called the Somma
Rim.
•This was formed by the
collapse of a volcano 17,000
years ago.
•This is a short distance North
East of Vesuvius.
Mount Vesuvius is 4,200 feet
high and is only one of the four
active volcanoes in Italy.
2000 people are inhabitants in
the area which is surrounding
The view from a town by the
Vesuvius.
Vesuvius is well know for the
destructive eruption in 79 A.D,
when it covered the towns
Herculaneum and Pompeii in
deadly ash.
Vesuvius has erupted more
than 50 times since 79 A.D
waterfront near to Vesuvius
A satellite view showing the
cone and crater of Vesuvius.
Mount Vesuvius never used to be an
active volcano. For a long period of time
it was described by ancient writers as
been covered in gardens and vineyards,
except at the peak and higher area of
the mountain, where it was infertile,
which means that farmers can not grow
any crops and people can not make a
living. No one knew what lay beyond
this ‘peaceful mountain’.
This picture shows a
In 5960 B.C and 3580 B.C Vesuvius
erupted twice, recorded as some of the
largest known in Europe, but even
though they were one of the largest
nothing would have prepared anyone for
the eruption in 79 A.D
seismograph drum.
This enables scientists
to look out for any
changes in sound,
which may help detect
a volcano about to
erupt.
•Over two million people live near Vesuvius today.One
million of which are directly based around the mountain.
•Their lives could be in danger as Vesuvius could erupt at
any time.
•So why do people live there? There is very good fertile
land which is excellent for farming and people can make a
living. Today it is covered in vineyards and gardens.
Vineyards which can produce things such as wine which
can be sent to mainland or larger cities, so families can
earn enough money to survive on.
•Even though there is always the risk of erupting at any
time, people realise, but do not really have a choice.
•But it is either this, or living somewhere built up, with no
land for crops.
There are many dangers living near to an active
volcano, 1 million people today are within a high
risk of danger and many more are at risk today. Here
are only a few vital reasons;
In the first fifteen minutes in a medium to large
scale eruption, in any areas within a four mile radius
could easily be destroyed.
There are many roads and railways which are in a
near radius to Vesuvius. These could be affected and
are important means of transport for the people.
Vesuvius may be one of the major population
density areas for volcanic activity on Earth, but is a
very economically and cultured area.
It has a large population density and is getting
more modernised by the day, including many more
buildings,transport , homes etc…..
On August 24th 79 A.D came the unbelievable eruption that
was the first ever volcanic eruption that was described in
detail. Mount Vesuvius shook with a large earthquake
shaking the whole area surrounding it. The force was so
furious and the mountain top split open and a deadly cloud
raised towards the sky spreading by the second. As the thick
cloud spread to the neighbouring towns people were chaotic,
not knowing what to do. Some escaped to the waterfront as
it was their only hope, others stayed and prayed with hope.
As the cloud started to solidify , Pompeii was showered with
ash, stones and pumice, growing larger in time. Roofs were
buried and buildings collapsed, Pompeii was eventually
covered in 3metres of tephra. But Herculaneum was buried in
23metres of ash which was let out by the pyroclastic flow. An
estimated 3,360 people died from this terrible eruption.
Mount Popokatepetl is a 17,883 feet
high, snowcapped stratovolcano.
It was given this name Popokatepetl, by
the Aztecs which means smoking
mountain.This suggests that it has been
active for a long time.
It is the second highest volcano in
Mexico.
Popokatepetl’s most recent major
eruption was in 1947, except that in
1994 it let out gas and ash , spreading to
towns as far as a 25 mile radius.
Mount Popokatepetl is situated 45
miles southeast of Mexico City, and 30
miles south east of the city, Puebla.
 Popokatepetl is often visible in good
weather conditions, from the capital of
Mexico, Mexico City.
As you can see from the image, it is
in the mainland of Mexico, which
creates a large risk for people nearby.
Mexico City has a population density
of 22million people. One of the largest
in the world, and in risk if a large
eruption takes place.
Popokatepetl is the most active volcano in Mexico as,
even though it has been recorded to have erupted in
1347 and 1354 by the Aztecs, it has erupted 15 times
since the Spanish arrival to Mexico in 1519. The
eruptions in the past 600 years, were not major and only
rose a few kilometres off the summit., letting out ash.
But on December 1st 1994, some earthquakes were
noticed and signalled that the eruption had started. A
grey ash cloud was seen on top of the volcano, and later
that day it fell on Pueblo.
The eruptions carried on throughout the afternoon, and
soon 31,000 people were evacuated. By December 26th
75, 000 people had been evacuated in total. Thankfully, it
was not a large disaster, but today 20 million people are
at risk
People live near volcanoes for various reasons.
Mexico is an extremely populated country, with one of the
highest populated capital cities, with 20 million people.
Mount Popokatepetl has not ever erupted so fiercely to kill
thousands of people , like Vesuvius, so people may not feel
at a greater risk to move.
Mexico is an LEDC, which means that the income is lower
and the welfare is not as good. People have to live here to
earn enough money to produce good business.
Land is scarce, so to live near a volcano could be a last
resort.
Volcanoes are a major tourist point, and the beauty attracts
people, with the risks forgotten
So now you have read about both
volcanoes. Each one is different in many
ways.Vesuvius is an extremely complexed
volcano. It has a lot of history and has had
some serious eruptions in it time.But
Popocatepetl is complexed too,having had
erupted at least 36 times! An MEDC and an
LEDC may seem similar, but the way of life
is different. In a country like Italy, people
may not struggle as much in life and have
options where to live. But in Mexico,
people have to earn a proper living, but
some may not have a choice of where to
live, so to inhabit a volcano is sometimes
not an option…..
Effects of eruption
of Vesuvius over
Pompeii and
Herculaneum
View of Vesuvius
In my opinion I think that living with a
volcano would not be something that I
would even consider! They may be a natural
highlight of our world, but are not worth the
risk. As even though technology has
developed to predict a natural disaster, the
volcano could ruin houses and peoples
property or even death. Some people need to
live near a volcano for the fertile land, but if
a volcano would erupt, the work would be
completely ruined………
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An MEDC Stands for a more economically developed country. An