Exodus 24 - 27
The Covenant Confirmed
Contribution for the Sanctuary
The Ark of the Covenant
The Table for Bread
The Golden Lampstand
The Tabernacle
The Bronze Altar
The Courtyard
Oil for the Lamp
Now the appearance of the
glory of the LORD was
like a devouring fire on
the top of the mountain in
the sight of the people of
Israel. Moses entered the
cloud and went up on the
mountain. And Moses was
on the mountain forty days
and forty nights.
Exodus 24:17 – 18
The LORD said to Moses, “Speak
to the people of Israel, that they
take for me a contribution. From
every man whose heart moves
him you shall receive a
contribution for me…and let them
make a sanctuary, that I may
dwell in their midst. Exactly as I
show you concerning the pattern
of the tabernacle, and of all its
furniture, so you shall make it.
(Exodus 25:1 – 2; 8 - 9)
Acacia Wood
Acacia Tree in the Negev
Acacia Wood comes from Acacia trees which grow well in desert
climates like parts of Africa, Australia, and the Middle East.
There are thousands of variants of acacia tress. Some believe the acacia
wood (“shittim” or “shittah” wood) in the bible comes from, perhaps,
the Acacia seyal (the gum-arabic tree), the Acacia torilis or Acacia
nilotica These trees grow in the Sinai area.
The wood is light, hard, and durable, and grows very black with age.
The timer is close-grained and is not readily attacked by insects.
Perhaps this is why Septuagint designates acacia as “incorruptible
And you shall put the mercy seat on the top of the
ark, and in the ark you shall put the testimony I shall
give you. There I will meet with you, and from above
the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim that
are on the ark…I will speak with you about all that I
will give you and command you. Exodus 25:21-22
You shall command the
people of Israel that they
bring to you pure beaten olive
oil for the light, that a lamp
may regularly be set up to
burn. In the tent of meeting
but outside of the veil. Aaron
and his sons shall tend it from
evening to morning before the
LORD. It is shall a statute
forever to be observed by
Israel… Exodus 27:20 - 21
Exodus 28 – 31
The Priesthood
The Altar of Incense
Census Tax
Bronze Basin and Anointing Oil
Master Craftsmen
The Sabbath
Then bring near to you Aaron
your brother and his sons with
him, from among the people of
Israel, to serve me as priests—
and you shall make holy
garments for Aaron your brother,
for glory and beauty (28:1 -2)
The Priest’s Garments
A breastpiece
An ephod
A robe
A tunic
A turban
A sash
A plate
And you shall take
the garments and
put them on
Aaron…And you
shall set the turban
on his head and then
take the anointing
oil and pour it on his
head and anoint
him…thus you shall
ordain Aaron and
his sons (29:5 - 7,9)
Then you take one of the rams, and Aaron and his
sons shall lay their hands on the head of the ram,
and you shall kill the ram and take its blood and
throw it against the sides of the altar…and burn the
whole ram on the altar. It is a burnt offering to the
LORD. (Exodus 29:15 – 16)
The Ordination of Israel’s Priests
• A SEVEN day process
• Each day a bull was offered as a sin offering to
make atonement
• The altar was to be purified and consecrated
• The entire process was extensive and complete
• Aaron and his sons will serve Yahweh as his
• The book Hebrews will declare that Jesus is
There I will meet with the people of
Israel, and it shall be sanctified
(made holy) by my glory…I will
dwell among the people of Israel and
will be their God. And they shall
know that I am the LORD their God,
who brought them out of the land of
Egypt that I might dwell among
them. I am the LORD their God!
Exodus 29:43-46
Altar of Incense
• Stood in front of the
curtain before the most
Holy Place
• Sweetened the air during
the sacrifice
• It was to represent the prayers of God’s people
ascending to heaven; Jesus now caries our prayers
Census Tax
• This census tax served to bolster the freewill
offering raised in chapter 25.
Each one who is numbered shall give this: half a
shekel as an offering to the LORD. Everyone is
who 20 years old and upward. The rich shall not
give more, and the poor shall not give less, when
you give the LORD’s offering to make atonement
for your lives…and that it may bring the people of
Israel to remembrance before the LORD
Exodus 30:13 -15
The Bronze Basin
When they go into the
Tent of Meeting, or when
they come near the altar
to minister…they shall
wash with water, so that
they may not die. They
shall wash their hands
and feet, so that they may
not die. It shall be a
statute forever to them…
Exodus 30:20 -21
The Master Craftsmen
I have filled them
with the Spirit of
God, with ability and
intelligence, with
knowledge and all
they may make all
that I have
commanded you
Exodus 31
A Sabbath Reminder #1
Above all you shall keep my Sabbaths, for
this is a sign between me and you
throughout your generations, that you may
know that I, the LORD, sanctify you. You
shall keep the Sabbath, because it is holy
for you. Everyone who profanes it shall be
put to death. Whoever does any work on it,
that soul shall be cut of from among his
people. Exodus 31:13 – 14
Exodus 32 – 34
The Golden Calf
Time to Leave
The Tent of Meeting
Moses Makes New Tablets
The Covenant Renewed (Again)
The Shining Face of Moses
The Golden
When the people saw that
Moses delayed to come down
from the mountain, the people
gathered themselves together
to Aaron and said to
him…”Make us gods who
shall go before us. As for this
Moses, the man who brought
us up out of the land of
Egypt, we do not know what
has become of him.
Exodus 32:1
The Golden
Go down, for your people,
whom you brought up out of
the land of Egypt, have
corrupted themselves…I have
seen them, they are a stiffnecked people. Now therefore
let me alone, that my wrath
may burn hot against them
and I may consume them, in
order that I may make a great
nation of you
Exodus 32:7, 9 – 10
The Golden Calf
• Moses PLEADS for mercy on behalf of Israel
• The LORD RELENTS from bringing disaster
– He throws the tablets down and breaks them
– He takes the CALF and melts it down and makes the
people drink it with water
• He confronts AARON on his sin and idolatry
• He forms an army out of the sons of LEVI and
puts to death about 3000 men that day.
Time to Leave Sinai – 33:1-6
• God COMMANDS them to leave and go to the
land which he promised Abraham, Isaac, and
• The ANGEL OF THE LORD will go before you
• Your ENEMIES will be driven out
• But I will not be with you because you are a stiffnecked people
• This disastrous word sends them into
• A place that Moses
would go to talk
with the LORD
• The pillar cloud
would descend into
the tent and the
LORD would speak
with Moses
If your presence will not go
with me, do not bring us up
from here. For how shall it
be known that I have found
favor in your sight, I and
your people? Is in not in
your going with us, so that
we are distinct, I and your
people, from every other
people on the face of the
Exodus 33:14 – 16
The LORD said to
Moses, “Cut for yourself
two tablets of stone like
the first, and I will write
on the tablets the words
that were on the first,
which you broke.
Exodus 34:1
The Covenant Renewed (AGAIN)
The Covenant Renewed (AGAIN)
• Don’t make a covenant with pagans
• Destroy their altars and break their pillars
• Don’t marry their daughters who worship false
• Don’t make idols
• Keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread
• Remember the Sabbath
• Moses stays with the LORD forty days and forty
When Moses came down
from the mountain, Moses
did not know that the skin of
his face shone because he
had been talking with
God…Aaron and all the
people were afraid to come
near him…But Moses called
to him, and Moses talked to
him….when Moses finished
speaking with them he put a
veil on his face.
Exodus 34
Moses and His
Shining Face
• Moses would remove the veil to speak
before the LORD, share with Israel, and
then put the veil back on
• Jesus and the Mountain of Transfiguration
• See 2 Corinthians 3:12 – 18
Exodus 35 – 40
Sabbath Reminder #3
The Construction of the
Priestly Garments
The Tabernacle Assembled
The Glory of the LORD
Sabbath Reminder - #3
These are the things that the LORD has
commanded you to do. Six days work shall
be done, but on the seventh day you shall
have a Sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the
LORD. Whoever does any work on it shall
be put to death. You shall kindle not fire in
all your dwelling places on the Sabbath
day. Exodus 34:2-3
The Contribution
Moses said to all the congregation
of the people…Take from among
you a contribution to the LORD.
Whoever is a of a generous heart,
let him bring the LORD’s
contribution…let every skillful
craftsman among you come and
make all that the LORD has
commanded…and all the
congregation came, everyone
whose heart and spirit were
moved. Exodus 35
Exodus 35:30 – 40:32
How Does
Point to
• The life of Moses is a “type” or “picture of
• Moses pleads his case before Pharaoh and
Jesus pleads our case before God
• Aaron is the first high priest and Jesus is our
Great High Priest
• Jesus is the Passover Lamb, the final,
perfect Sacrifice for our sins
• The manna that fell from heaven, that
sustained Israel for 40 years, represents
Jesus, the Bread of Life
• The apostle Paul compares the rock in Exodus
17:1 – 17 with Christ (1 Corinthians 10:1 – 4)
• The day of Sabbath rest represents Jesus, in
whom is our eternal rest
• Jesus is the mercy seat found on the ark of the
covenant where we go to find atonement
• Jesus is the light of the world, depicted by the
lampstand in the tabernacle
• Jesus sacrificed Himself on the altar of the
cross, just as Aaron made sacrifices on the altar
of the burnt offering.