Bell work 10/28
Through which processes does water vapor enter
the atmosphere?
WATER CYCLE
Interactions of Earth’s Systems
Water Cycle
◦ The continuous
movement of water on,
above, and below the
Earth’s surface
◦ The sun provides the
energy that drives the
water cycle
Evaporation
◦ Water absorbs thermal
energy and becomes
warmer
◦ Process by which a liquid
turns into a gas
Transpiration
◦ The process by which plants
release water vapor through
their leaves
◦ Respiration- organisms
release water vapor when
they breathe
Condensation
◦ Temperatures in the troposphere
decrease with altitude
◦ Process by which a gas changes to
a liquid
◦ Releases thermal energy
◦ Clouds form when millions of water
droplets come together
Precipitation
◦ Moisture that falls from the clouds to
Earth’s surface
◦ Snow, rain, sleet, or hail
◦ More than 75% falls into the ocean
◦ Water continuously moves between
the hydrosphere, cryosphere,
atmosphere, biosphere, and
geosphere
Water cycle contributes to the
weather
Weather- the state of the
atmosphere at a certain time
or place
◦ Temperature
◦ Air pressure
◦ Humidity- amount of water vapor
◦ Climate- The average
weather pattern for a region
over a long period of time
Bell Work 10/29
How are transpiration and respiration
similar? How are they different?
Bell work 10/30
Give an example of how the water cycle impacts
the rock cycle.
ROCK CYCLE
Interactions of Earth’s Systems
Rock Cycle
The series of
processes that
transport and
change rocks into
different forms
Cooling and Crystallization
◦ When magma flows onto
Earth’s surface it is called
lava
◦ Mineral crystals form as
magma cools  changes the
molten material into igneous
rock
Uplift
◦ The process that moves large
bodies of Earth materials to
higher elevations
◦ Ex: mountain building
Weathering and Erosion
◦ Weathering- Things (Glaciers,
wind, rain, organisms) break
down rocks into sediment
◦ Rocks are exposed to the
atmosphere, hydrosphere,
the cryosphere, and the
biosphere
◦ Erosion- Sediments are
carried to new locations
◦ Deposition- Eroded elements
are laid down (deposited) in
new places
◦ Forms layers of sediment
Compaction and Cementation
◦ As more layers are deposited, their
weight pushes down on the bottom
layers
◦ The deeper layers are compacted.
◦ Minerals dissolved in water crystallize
between grains of sediments and
cement them together produce
sedimentary rocks
High Temperature and Pressure
◦ Form Metamorphic rocks
◦ Happens deep within the
Earth
◦ Then uplift brings the rocks to the
surface
◦ Then rocks are broken down and
continue moving through the rock
cycle