100 Marquette and Jolliet took a _______ from the Mississippi River to the Great Lakes. (Hint: A land route from one body of water to another.) 200 In 1497, this explorer was sent by the King of England to find the Northwest Passage. This explorer did not find the Northwest Passage, but he did discover the Grand Banks, where the fish were so plentiful there. 300 1. Giovanni de Verrazano 2. Henry Hudson 3. Samuel de Champlain a. He founded a trading post called Quebec on the St. Lawrence River. It was the first permanent French settlement in North America. He also made friends with the Huron, a group of Native Americans living near Quebec. b. A French Explorer who claimed the land along the St. Lawrence River. They called it Canada and then it was later called New France. c. The Hudson Bay and the Hudson River were named after him. 400 What did the Europeans learn from their search for a Northwest Passage? 500 How did the Dutch solve the problem of paying for expensive voyages of discovery? 100 When you need to make a decision, what should you do after setting a goal? 200 Why is it useful to understand the process of decision-making? 300 Why did Champlain decide to make friends with the Huron people? 400 Why did Champlain decide to help the Huron fight the Iroquois? 500 What were the results of Champlain’s decision to help the Huron defeat the Iroquois? 100 Why did the English decide to find colonies in North America? 200 More than 100 men, women and children founded the colony ________________, off the coast of North Carolina in 1585. Three years later no one was there. The only clue was the word CROATOAN carved in a tree. 300 What problems faced the new colony at Jamestown? 400 What was the effect of John Smith’s strong leadership? 500 Name the five reasons why Jamestown was a successful colony? 100 Why did the Pilgrims leave England? 200 Why was the first winter in Plymouth so hard on the Pilgrims? 300 How did the Native Americans treat the Pilgrims? 400 Why is the Mayflower Compact an important document? 500 How did the Wampanoag help the Pilgrims? 100 What is a crop sold for money? 200 What are servants that bound themselves to serve someone for a certain period of time, usually 5 to 7 years, in exchange for something else, in this case land and freedom? 300 What is a document permitting colonists to settle land claimed by their ruler? 400 What is a profit? 500 What is a sachem?