MANIFEST DESTINY
SETTLING WEST
Chapter 16
How did the expansion of the United States
affect people inside and outside the country?
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Objectives (I can…):
explain why and how the United States acquired key
territories,
and describe how this affected the people already
living in each region.
describe the difficulties individuals faced when
exploring the West.
How did each group feel about what took place?

How did you feel when…
 Group
1 got first choice of seats.
 Then
some of you had to give up your seat to a Group
2 member.
 And
last, Group1 people still seated had to get up and
stand in the back of the room with the other Group 1
members.
How did the expansion of the United States
affect people inside and outside the country?

In the years after the United States was formed,
Americans thought that their way of life was more
civilized and advanced than that of American Indians
or Mexicans who also lived in North America.
 Remember

the Proclamation of 1763???
Americans believed that it was their obvious fate, or
Manifest Destiny, to extend the territory of the United
States west across North America to the Pacific Coast
(towards California – which wasn’t California…yet.)
How do you think the American Indians might have felt
about the American expansion to the west?
Simulating Westward Expansion of the
United States in the 1800s

Look at the map on the floor.
 It
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represents the territories of the United States in the 1800s.
You are going to be in six groups that settle the
territories acquired by the U.S. between 1783 to 1853.
You will play roles of American settlers by claiming land
in the regions shown on the floor map.
Simulating Westward Expansion of the
United States in the 1800s
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
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You will play roles of American settlers by claiming land
within one of the regions shown on the floor map.
To “claim land” your group will walk a region and sit on
the floor, with your legs crossed, as many of you on the
carpet as possible.
Everyone MUST listen carefully, because there will be
several occasions that I will announce options you will
have.
How did the expansion of the United States
affect people inside and outside the country?
Simulation Debriefing:
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
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How did you feel during the activity?
What happened to the floor map as the activity
progressed?
What do you think the chairs were supposed to
represent?
 The
chairs were suppose to represent American Indians and
former Mexican citizens who were living in western
territories acquired by the U.S. between 1783 and 1853.
How did the expansion of the United States
affect people inside and outside the country?
Simulation Debriefing:



What do you think happened to the people already
living in the areas when the new settlers moved in?
How do you think Americans might have justified their
actions when acquiring territories in the West?
Do you think it was fair for Americans to take over
these territories? Why or why not?
What do you see here?
 What types of transportation do you see?
 Why do you think people appear to be moving in the same direction?
Why do you think people wanted to move west of the Mississippi River during the
1800s?
What do you think the American Indians (right-hand corner) thought of the new
settlers?
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Manifest Destiny
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Look at the picture in section 16.2 – page 216.
How is this scene similar to the previous picture?
What do you think the woman floating above the
scene represents?
This image is called American Progress painted around
1872 by artist John Gast.
The woman represents the young American nation
completing its manifest destiny. She holds a
schoolbook as she leads settlers west to new lands.
Manifest Destiny

What signs of American technology come along with
the settlers?
 Railroads


and telegraph lines
What different types of transportation and jobs held
by settlers does the painter show?
Note: The progress of the settlers appears to be
chasing away American Indians and wildlife, such as
buffalo, bears, and deer.
Manifest Destiny
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
Read the remainder of the chapter and complete
your Reading Notetaker chapter 16.
Follow the directions for each section – be sure to find the
most important information about each territory.


You are explaining how the U.S. acquired key territories, and
then depict (or illustrate), because of the westward expansion,
what happened to the people already living in each region on
your map.
I will model first!
Manifest Destiny/Settling West

Imagine one day, you and your family were forced to
leave your home and there is NOTHING you can do
about it!

You have one hour to get as many of your belongings
as you can and leave.
 What
would you think?
 How would you feel about it?
 Where would you go?
What do you see in this image?
 What words would you use to describe their situation?
 Who do you think might be at most risk in this scene?
Why?
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Trail of Tears
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This scene shows the Cherokees on the Trail of Tears. Because many
Americans wanted to settle on land reaching to the Mississippi River,
Congress passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
Under this law, American Indian tribes were to trade their lands east
of the Mississippi for lands west of the river.
Some tribes accepted and moved west. Others refused to give up
their homelands. Among the tribes pressured to leave were the
Choctaws, Creeks, Chickasaws, Seminoles, and Cherokees.
One by one, these tribes were forced to move west.
Finally in 1838, the U.S. army MADE the Cherokees, who were still
living in the South, march from Georgia to what is present-day
Oklahoma. About one-fourth of the 16,000 Cherokees died from
the harsh conditions along the way. This journey became known as
the Trail of Tears.
Indian Removal Act
Indian REMOVAL Act

Each table will read through four different resources
(1) Indian Removal, 2) Cherokee vs. Georgia, 3) Worcester vs. Georgia, 4) Treaty of Echota)
about this horrible social injustice – the Indian Removal
Act.
 Pair
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
up if needed.
Each person will be an expert on one of the resources.
You will report to the rest of the group what you had
learned about Indian Removal.
Indian REMOVAL Act

What did you learn from reading:
 1) Indian Removal
 2) Cherokee vs. Georgia
 3) Worcester vs. Georgia
 4) Treaty of Echota


The Native Americans were NOT seen as citizens of
the United States!
They were DENIED rights and having a voice.
Indian REMOVAL Act
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
Complete Resource 4B.
List the different perspectives about the advantages
and disadvantages of the Indian Removal.
 Native


Americans versus U.S. government
The Native Americans suffered greatly when the Indian
removal took place.
The removal of the Five Civilized Tribes came to be
known as the Trail of Tears.
Indian REMOVAL Act


Listen to these quotes by the soldiers who witnessed this
horrific event in history.
“The Cherokees are a peaceable, harmless people, but you may
drive them to desperation, and this treaty cannot be carried
into effect except by the strong arm of force.” –Major
William M. Davis, 1837, sent to carry out removal of
Cherokee

What does this quote means? (Answer this in your
social studies notebook).
Indian REMOVAL Act


Listen to these quotes by the soldiers who witnessed this horrific
event in history.
“I saw the helpless Cherokees arrested and dragged from their
homes, and driven into the stockades (cages). I saw them loaded
like cattle…into wagons, in the cold rain, heading west. The
sufferings of the Cherokees were awful. The trail was a trail of
death. And I have known as many as twenty-two of them to die in
one night of pneumonia due to ill treatment, cold and exposure.” –
Private John G. Burnett, Cherokee Indian Removal 1838-39

What does this quote mean? (Write your answer in you
notebook.)
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SS. Chapter 16 - RogersSocialStudies