Two Sentence Patterns
Built on Action Verbs
Lesson 3
Joseph C. Blumenthal
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
Nearly every simple sentence that we
make falls into one of three basic
patterns. Two of these patterns
involve action verbs.
Choose the one verb which indicates action.
was
pushed
seemed
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
Nearly every simple sentence that we
make falls into one of three basic
patterns. Two of these patterns
involve action verbs.
Choose the one verb which indicates action.
was
pushed
seemed
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
Some action verbs indicate actions
of the body; others indicate actions
of the mind.
a.worked, drove washed, wrote, lifted
b.thought, hoped, believed, decided,
understood
Which group of verbs indicates
actions of the mind?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
Some action verbs indicate actions
of the body; others indicate actions
of the mind.
a.worked, drove washed, wrote, lifted
b.thought, hoped, believed, decided,
understood
Which group of verbs indicates
actions of the mind?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
Action verbs can sometimes make
complete statements about their
subjects without the need of any
other words.
a. Harvey stumbled
b. Harvey sharpened
Does the action verb make a
complete statement about its
subject in a or b?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
Action verbs can sometimes make
complete statements about their
subjects without the need of any
other words.
a. Harvey stumbled.
b. Harvey sharpened.
Does the action verb make a
complete statement about its
subject in a or b?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a. Our guest brought
b. Our guest arrived
Does the action verb make a
complete statement about its
subject in a or b?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a. Our guest brought
b. Our guest arrived
Does the action verb make a
complete statement about its
subject in a or b?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
The action verb that makes a
complete statement about its
subject gives us our first sentence
pattern:
PATTERN I: Subject-Action Verb
a. Our guest brought…
b. Our guest arrived.
Which word group represents
Pattern I?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
The action verb that makes a
complete statement about its
subject gives us our first sentence
pattern:
PATTERN I: Subject-Action Verb
a. Our guest brought…
b. Our guest arrived.
Which word group represent
Pattern I?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
Any sentence is Pattern I if the
action verb by itself makes a
complete statement about its
subject—no matter how many other
words and phrases may be present.
a. Our guest arrived.
b. Our guest from Ohio arrived by
plane this morning.
Both a and b are Pattern I
sentences. (true, false)
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
•
Any sentence is Pattern I if the
action verb by itself makes a
complete statement about its
subject—no matter how many other
words and phrases may be present.
a. Our guest arrived.
b. Our guest from Ohio arrived by
plane this morning.
Both a and b are Pattern I
sentences. (true, false)
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Our guest from Ohio arrived by
plane this morning.
This is a Pattern I sentence
because Our guest arrived is
(complete, incomplete) in its
meaning.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Our guest from Ohio arrived by
plane this morning.
This is a Pattern I sentence
because Our guest arrived is
(complete, incomplete) in its
meaning.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.The coaches agreed with each other.
b. The coaches compared the two teams.
Read just the subject and verb in each
sentence, omitting the words that follow
them.
Which sentence is Pattern I because
the verb by itself can make a
statement about its subject that is
complete in meaning?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.The coaches agreed with each other.
b. The coaches compared the two teams.
Read just the subject and verb in each
sentence, omitting the words that follow
them.
Which sentence is Pattern I because
the verb by itself can make a
statement about its subject that is
complete in meaning? a.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a. The coaches agreed
b. The coaches compared
Which group of words requires the
addition of other words to complete its
meaning?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a. The coaches agreed
b. The coaches compared.
Which group of words requires the
addition of other words to complete its
meaning?
b
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The coaches compared...(What?)
What did the coaches compare—the fans,
the stadiums, or the teams? We don’t
know.
Until we answer this question, them
meaning of the sentence is (complete,
incomplete).
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The coaches compared...(What?)
What did the coaches compare—the fans,
the stadiums, or the teams? We don’t
know.
Until we answer this question, them
meaning of the sentence is (complete,
incomplete).
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The coaches compared the two teams.
Now we know what the coaches compared,
and the meaning of our sentence is
complete.
Which word follows the verb compared to
complete the meaning of the sentence?
What did they compare? _______
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The coaches compared the two teams.
Now we know what the coaches compared,
and the meaning of our sentence is
complete.
Which word follows the verb compared to
complete the meaning of the sentence?
What did they compare? teams
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
A word that follows a verb and completes
the meaning of a sentence is known as a
complement, which is the grammar name
for a completer.
A complement, or completer, is sometimes
needed after a verb to _______the
meaning of a sentence.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
A word that follows a verb and completes
the meaning of a sentence is known as a
complement, which is the grammar name
for a completer.
A complement, or completer, is sometimes
needed after a verb to complete the
meaning of a sentence.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The police blocked the road.
Because the noun road is needed to
complete the meaning of this sentence, it
is a
.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The police blocked the road.
Because the noun road is needed to
complete the meaning of this sentence, it
is a complement or completer.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The kind of complement that receives the
action of the verb or shows the result of
this action is called a direct object.
The teacher will correct the tests.
Which word is a direct object because it
receives the action of the verb will
correct?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The kind of complement that receives the
action of the verb or shows the result of
this action is called a direct object.
The teacher will correct the tests.
Which word is a direct object because it
receives the action of the verb will
correct? tests
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The cashier made a slight mistake.
Which word is a direct object because it
shows the result of the action of the verb
made?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The cashier made a slight mistake.
Which word is a direct object because it
shows the result of the action of the verb
made? mistake
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.The company manufactures trucks.
b.The company repairs trucks.
In one sentence, the trucks already exist
and receive the action of the verb.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.The company manufactures trucks.
b.The company repairs trucks.
In one sentence, the trucks already exist
and receive the action of the verb.
In the other, the trucks are the result of
the action.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.The company manufactures trucks.
b.The company repairs trucks.
In one sentence, the trucks already exist
and receive the action of the verb.
In the other, the trucks are the result of
the action.
The direct object receives the action in
sentence (a, b).
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.The company manufactures trucks.
b.The company repairs trucks.
In one sentence, the trucks already exist
and receives the action of the verb.
In the other, the trucks are the result of
the action.
The direct object receives the action in
sentence (a, b).
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The sentence that contains a direct
object gives us our second sentence
pattern.
PATTERN II: Subject—Action Verb
Direct Object
A sentence in Pattern II has three basic
parts.
The third basic part is the
object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The sentence that contains a direct
object gives us our second sentence
pattern.
PATTERN II: Subject—Action Verb
Direct Object
A sentence in Pattern II has three basic
parts.
The third basic part is the direct
object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
PATTERN II: The speaker showed a
movie of his travels.
Notice that the action begins with the
subject and ends with the direct object.
The direct object of an action verb is the
goal of its action.
Which word is the direct object in the
example above?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
PATTERN II: The speaker showed a
movie of his travels.
Notice that the action begins with the
subject and ends with the direct object.
The direct object of an action verb is the
goal of its action.
Which word is the direct object in the
example above? movie
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Don’t mistake another word that may
follow an action verb for a direct
object.
To be a direct object, a word must either
receive the action of the verb or show the
result of the
.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Don’t mistake another word that may
follow an action verb for a direct
object.
To be a direct object, a word must either
receive the action of the verb or show the
result of the action.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.Mr. Price returned recently.
b. Mr. Price returned money.
Does the word recently or money receive
the action of the verb returned?
(Hint: which one could you physically return?)
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.Mr. Price returned recently.
b. Mr. Price returned money.
Does the word recently or money receive
the action of the verb returned? Money
(Hint: which one could you physically return?)
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.Mr. Price returned recently.
b. Mr. Price returned money.
So which sentence contains a direct object
that receives action?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.Mr. Price returned recently.
b. Mr. Price returned money.
So which sentence contains a direct object
that receives action? b.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a. The rain stopped the game.
b. The rain stopped suddenly.
Which sentence contains a direct object?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a. The rain stopped the game.
b. The rain stopped suddenly.
Which sentence contains a direct object? a
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Pattern I is built around a two-part
framework: a subject and an action
verb.
Pattern II is built around a three-part
framework: a subject, an action verb, and a
.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Pattern I is built around a two-part
framework: a subject and an action
verb.
Pattern II is built around a three-part
framework: a subject, an action verb, and a
direct object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.All good citizens vote on
Election Day.
b.All good citizens cast their
vote on Election Day.
Which sentence is Pattern II because the
verb is followed by a direct object?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.All good citizens vote on
Election Day.
b.All good citizens cast their
vote on Election Day.
Which sentence is Pattern II because the
verb is followed by a direct object?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.All good citizens vote on
Election Day.
b.All good citizens cast their
vote on Election Day.
Which sentence is Pattern II because the
verb is followed by a direct object?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.Each student keeps a list of every
misspelled word.
b.The wheezing motor finally stopped
completely.
Which sentence is Pattern II because the
verb is followed by a direct object?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.Each student keeps a list of every
misspelled word.
b.The wheezing motor finally stopped
completely.
Which sentence is Pattern II because the
verb is followed by a direct object?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The pitcher threw Reggie a fast curve.
After the verb threw, we have two
nouns—Reggie and curve.
To decide which is the direct object,
ask yourself, “What did the pitcher
throw?”
The direct object is the noun
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The pitcher threw Reggie a fast curve.
After the verb threw, we have two
nouns—Reggie and curve.
To decide which is the direct object,
ask yourself, “What did the pitcher
throw?”
The direct object is the noun curve.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The pitcher threw Reggie a fast curve.
What does the noun Reggie do? It
shows to whom the pitcher threw the
curve. We call such a noun (or
pronoun) an indirect object.
Curve is the direct object; Reggie is
the
object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The pitcher threw Reggie a fast curve.
What does the noun Reggie do? It
shows to whom the pitcher threw the
curve. We call such a noun (or
pronoun) an indirect object.
Curve is the direct object; Reggie is
the indirect object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The pitcher threw Reggie a fast curve.
The indirect object Reggie comes
(before, after) the direct object
curve.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The pitcher threw Reggie a fast curve.
The indirect object Reggie comes
(before, after) the direct object
curve.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.The pitcher threw Reggie a fast
curve.
b.The pitcher threw him a fast curve.
In which sentence is the indirect
object not a noun but a pronoun?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.The pitcher threw Reggie a fast
curve.
b.The pitcher threw him a fast curve.
In which sentence is the indirect
object not a noun but a pronoun?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
An indirect object can show to what, as
well as to whom, something was done.
These shoes give my feet more support.
The noun support is the
The noun feet is the
object.
object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
An indirect object can show to what, as
well as to whom, something was done.
These shoes give my feet more support.
The noun support is the direct object.
The noun feet is the
object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
An indirect object can show to what, as
well as to whom, something was done.
These shoes give my feet more support.
The noun support is the direct object.
The noun feet is the indirect object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Besides showing to whom (or to what)
something was done, an indirect object
can also show for whom (or for what)
something was done.
Cindy Yazzing sang us a song.
For whom did Cindy Yazzie sing?
For
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Besides showing to whom (or to what)
something was done, an indirect object
can also show for whom (or for what)
something was done.
Cindy Yazzing sang us a song.
For whom did Cindy Yazzie sing?
For us.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Cindy Yazzing sang us a song.
The direct object is
The indirect object is
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Cindy Yazzing sang us a song.
The direct object is song.
The indirect object is
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Cindy Yazzing sang us a song.
The direct object is song.
The indirect object is us.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Cindy Yazzing sang us a song.
As it always does when it is present, the
indirect object comes (before, after) the
direct object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Cindy Yazzing sang us a song.
As it always does when it is present, the
indirect object comes (before, after) the
direct object.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The club bought the church a new organ.
The direct object is the noun
.
(Hint: what did the church buy?)
The indirect object is the noun
(Hint: for whom did they buy it?)
.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The club bought the church a new organ.
The direct object is the noun organ.
(Hint: what did the church buy?)
The indirect object is the noun
(Hint: for whom did they buy it?)
.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
The club bought the church a new organ.
The direct object is the noun organ.
(Hint: what did the church buy?)
The indirect object is the noun church.
(Hint: for whom did they buy it?)
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
An indirect object shows to whom
or what or
whom or what
something is done.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
An indirect object shows to whom
or what or for whom or what
something is done.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
An indirect object—if one is present—
always comes before the direct object, and
the word to or for is understood but never
used.
a.I offered Frank my ticket.
b.I offered my ticket to Frank.
Is Frank an indirect object in
sentence a or b?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
An indirect object—if one is present—
always comes before the direct object, and
the word to or for is understood but never
used.
a.I offered Frank my ticket.
b.I offered my ticket to Frank.
Is Frank an indirect object in
sentence a or b?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
An indirect object tells to whom or for
whom by its position alone—by coming before
the direct object. A noun or pronoun used
with to or for is never an indirect object.
a.Jan found a better job for her friend.
b.Jan found her friend a better job.
Is freind an indirect object in
sentence a or b?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
An indirect object tells to whom or for
whom by its position alone—by coming before
the direct object. A noun or pronoun used
with to or for is never an indirect object.
a.Jan found a better job for her friend.
b.Jan found her friend a better job.
Is freind an indirect object in
sentence a or b?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.This machine will save much time.
b.This machine will save the company
much time.
The noun time is the direct object
in both sentences.
Which sentence also contains an
indirect object?
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
a.This machine will save much time.
b.This machine will save the company
much time.
The noun time is the direct object
in both sentences.
Which sentence also contains an
indirect object? b
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Father made the boys some sandwiches.
The direct object is
The indirect object is
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Father made the boys some sandwiches.
The direct object is sandwiches.
The indirect object is
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
Father made the boys some sandwiches.
The direct object is sandwiches.
The indirect object is boys.
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
A sentence in Pattern II always
contains an action verb and its direct
object.
Does it always have to contain an
indirect object? (Yes, No)
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
A sentence in Pattern II always
contains an action verb and its direct
object.
Does it always have to contain an
indirect object? (Yes, No)
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
In this and the following frames, S =
Subject, V = Verb, IO = Indirect
object, DO = Direct Object.
Fill in the missing word:
1.This bakery makes the best
doughnuts in town.
S – bakery
V – makes
DO -
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
2.Anyone can show you the way to
the bridge.
S – anyone
V–
DO – way
IO -
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
3. Franklin’s experiments with electricity
brought him international fame.
S – experiments
V – brought
DO –
IO -
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
4. The editor gave a better title to my
article.
S – editor
V – gave
DO –
Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs
5. The editor gave my article a better
title.
S – editor
V – gave
DO –
IO -
You are done!!!
Please turn in your
answers for points.
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Two Sentence Patterns Built on Action Verbs