SAT阅读考纲
主讲老师:常志诚
课程简介:
1.文章种类
2.考题种类
3.解题概论
4.课程要求
5.推荐书目
1.文章种类
Types of passages
“The passages cover subjects in the
humanities, social studies, natural
sciences and literary fiction. ”
Humanities
哲学美学类
Social studies
社会科学类
Natural
sciences
Literary fiction
自然科学类
文学小说类
社会科学
一般性社科
人物传记
种族女权
种族:黑人,印第安人
女权:白人女性,黑人女性
自然科学
生命科学
天文物理科学
按文章篇幅分
9篇:
短篇
短对比
两中篇
中对比
长篇
题量:
“The passages are about
100 to 850 words long. ”
48题
• Use your knowledge and experience carefully.
No matter what you know or what
you believe ,you can not change what
you think the writer should have said or
what you would like the writer to
believe and what the writer’s words
actually say or imply .
2.考题种类
Types of Questions
Three types of questions may be
asked about a passage:
extended reasoning,
vocabulary-in- context,
literal comprehension.
You will also be asked questions
involving paired long passages
and paragraphs
(1) Extended reasoning questions
• Extended reasoning questions ask you to
draw conclusions from or evaluate the
information in the passage.
• The answers to these questions will not
be directly stated in the passage but can
be inferred from it.
• Extended reasoning questions also ask
about the overall theme or meaning of
the passage and about the purpose,
attitude, or tone of the writer.
(2)Vocabulary-in-Context Questions
• One word can have many meanings. The
•
•
answer choices will often include several
different meanings of the word.
Questions asking for the meaning of a
word or phrase refer to the meaning in
the context in which the word or phrase
is being used in the passage.
It helps to go back to the passage and
reread the surrounding text of the world
that is used. Be sure to read enough of
the context to thoroughly understand the
meaning of the word.
(3)Literal Comprehension Questions
Tips of Literal Comprehension
Questions
• Find the place in the passage where the detail
is discussed.
• Recognize different ways of stating the same
fact or idea.
• Cross out incorrect responses as you eliminate
them.
• Read questions carefully, looking for words
•
such as except, not, and only, and for other
words that describe exactly what you are
asked to do with the information.
Be sure you can support your answer by
referring to words or phrases within the
passage that support it.
(4)Questions Involving Paired Passages
and Paragraphs
• The pair of passages will have a common
theme or subject.
• One of the passages will oppose, support,
or in some way relate to the other. (反对,
支持,或相关)
3. Approaches to Passage-based
Reading Questions
• Keep in mind that the answers come from the
passage.
•Remember, every word counts.
•Read the questions and answers
carefully.
•Don't forget that an answer choice can
be both true and wrong. The correct
choice is the one that best answers the
question, not any choice that makes a
true statement.
Make sure the reading passage
supports your answer.
Try eliminating choices.
Double-check the other choices.
Don't jump from passage to
passage.
4. 课程要求
•400篇基础阅读
•8000-10000词汇
推荐书目及影片
•《心灵鸡汤》*3
•《人类最伟大的声音》
•《世界上最优美的散文》
• 房龙:《人类的故事》《宽容》
•《世界上下五千年》(简版)
•《飘》中文版
•推荐电影:《乱世佳人》、《阿甘
正传》
Download

常志诚老师SAT阅读考纲课件