Unit 5(第 5单元)
 Step 1: Review (10 minutes)
学生演示上次课的作业成果——英文小故事
 Step 2: Representation(10 minutes)
展示并复述英文故事 Too Late
Too Late
Read/Retell
The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the
airport all morning. They were expecting a valuable
parcel of diamonds from South Africa. A few hours
earlier, someone had told the police that thieves would
try to steal the diamonds. When the plane arrived, some
of the detectives were waiting inside the main building
while others were waiting on the airfield. Two men took
the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs
House. While two detectives were keeping guard at the
door, two others opened the parcel. To their surprise,
the precious parcel was full of stones and sand!
Step 3: (30 minutes)
分析讨论总结故事中过去进行时的主动式、被动式结构;
与过去进行时连用的时间状语;连词的基本用法。
Discussion
Q1. What tense is mainly used in the story?
Q2. When & how do we use Past Continuous?
Q3. What’s the sentence structure of Past
Continuous?
Q4. What are the basic usage of conjunction?
Q1: What Tense?
Too Late
The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the
airport all morning. They were expecting a valuable
parcel of diamonds from South Africa. A few hours
earlier, someone had told the
police that thieves would
Past
try to steal the diamonds.
When the plane arrived, some
Continuous
of the detectives were waiting inside the main building
while others were waiting on the airfield. Two men took
the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs
House. While two detectives were keeping guard at the
door, two others opened the parcel. To their surprise, the
precious parcel was full of stones and sand!
Q2: Sentence structure?
The best art critics
Late in the afternoon, the boys put up their tent in the
middle of a field. AsPast
soon Continuous
as this was done, they cooked a
meal over
an open
They
hungryVoice
and( the
food
Active
Voice fire.
( 主动
) were all Passive
被动
)
smelt good. After a wonderful meal, they told stories and
主语+ was/ were +
主语+ was/ were + being +
Positive
sang
songs by
the camp fire. But some
time later it began
doing…
p.p …
(
)
肯定
to rain. The boys felt tired so they put out the fire and
crept
into their
tent.
bags was/
werewere
warm
and
主语+
was/Their
were +sleeping
not + 主语+
+ not
+
Negative
comfortable,
so they all slept soundly.
In+the
of the
doing…
being
p.p middle
…
(否定)
night, two boys woke up and began shouting. The tent was
full
of water!
They
all+主语
leapt+out of their
sleeping
bags
and+
Was/
Were
Was/ Were
+主语
+being
Question
hurried outside.
was raining heavily
and they found that
doing It
…?
p.p …?
(问句)
a stream had formed in the field. The stream wound its
way across the field and then flowed right under their tent!
Q3: When / how?
Too late
The plane was late and detectives
were waiting
表示过去某时(具体
at the airport all morning
morning. They
were expecting a
时刻)正在进行的状
valuable parcel of diamonds 态或动作。
from South Africa. A
few hours earlier, someone had told the police that
thieves would try to steal the diamonds. When the
 More
adverbial
of time:
plane
arrived,
some
of the detectives were waiting
nine o‘clock this morning, the
inside
the main
building
while others were waiting
subordinators
whole Q4:
morning,
all
day yesterday,
on
thenine
airfield.
men took
from
to ten Two
last evening
……the parcel off the
plane and carried it into the Customs House. While
two detectives were keeping guard at the door, two
others opened the parcel. To their surprise, the
precious parcel was full of stones and sand!
Step 4: (15 minutes)
Dialogue (对话)
Topic
What were you doing at
9:30 P.m. last week ?
Step 5: (18 minutes)
Correct the story (修改故事)
Stop thief!
Rov Trenton used to drive a taxi. A short while ago,
however, he became a bus-driver and he was not regretted it. He
is finding his new work far more exciting. When he drove along
Catford Street recently, he saw two thieves rush out of a shop
and run towards a waiting car. One of them was carrying a bag
full of money. Roy acted quickly and drove the bus straight at
the thieves. The one with the money got such a fright that he
dropped the bag. As the thieves tried to get away in their car,
Roy was driving his bus into the back of it. While the battered
car moved away, Roy was stopping his bus and telephoned the
police. The thieves' car was badly damaged and easy to
recognize. Shortly afterwards, the police stopped the car and
both men were arrested.
Correct the story (修改后的故事)
Stop thief!
Rov Trenton used to drive a taxi. A short while ago,
however, he became a bus-driver and he was not regretted it. He
is finding his new work far more exciting. When he was driving
along Catford Street recently, he saw two thieves rush out of a
shop and run towards a waiting car. One of them was carrying a
bag full of money. Roy acted quickly and drove the bus straight
at the thieves. The one with the money got such a fright that he
dropped the bag. As the thieves were trying to get away in their
car, Roy drove his bus into the back of it. While the battered car
was moving away, Roy stoped his bus and telephoned the police.
The thieves' car was badly damaged and easy to recognize.
Shortly afterwards, the police stopped the car and both men
were arrested.
Step 6: (5 minutes)
Summary (学生总
结)
 Tense: Past Continuous
 Adverbial of time in Past Continuous
 Sentence structure: Active/Passive Voice
 Basic usage of subordinators
Homework: (2
minute)(作业)
You are supposed to write a short
English story in about 200 words,
using Past Continuous.
过去进行时
1. I shall tell you what he _____ at three o'clock
yesterday afternoon.
1.表示过去某时(具体时刻)正在进行的状态或动作。与之搭
A. had done
B. has done C. has been doing
配的过去时间状语有:nine o‘clock this morning, the whole
D. was doing
morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening等
2.
"What is the matter?" "Nothing,
I _____
my
2.过去进行时的另一主要用法是用as,
when,
while about
引导的时
problem in homework."
间状语从句描述一件事发生的背景;即一个长动作发生的时候
A. just thought
B. have just been thinking
(用过去进行时),另一个短动作发生(用一般过去时)。
C. was just thinking D. have just thought
 答案B。句中的as = when/while,意为“当……之时”。描
 答案C. 割伤手指是已发生的事情,应用一般过去时。同
时,
3.
She
_____
English
broadcast
when
I
came
in.
述一件事发生的背景时,用过去进行;一个长动作发生的时候,
when表时间的同时性,"玛丽在做衣服时"提供事情发生的背景,
A. listens to
B. listened to
另一个短动作发生。句意为
“在她看报纸时,奶奶睡着了。”
因此用过去进行时。
句中的
(fall的过去时),是系动词,后跟形容词,如:fall
C. fell
is listening
to
D. was listening to
sick。
4.
Mary ___ a dress when she cut her finger.
A. made B. is making C. was making D. makes
5. As she ___ the newspaper, Granny ___ asleep.
A. read; was falling
B. was reading; fell
C. was reading; was falling D. read; fell
Simple subordinators
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Because
for
Since
As
Although
Though
Directly
Immediately
If
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Till
until
before
After
When(ever)
Where(ever)
Whereupon
While
Whilst, etc
Lest
unless
Simple subordinators
• I will telephone you directly I hear
the news.
• Be careful lest you fall down the tree.
• I came here immediately after having
my super.
• He saw me coming, whereupon he
offered me his seat.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Complex subordinators
Assuming (that)
Providing (that)
Provided (that)
Given (that)
Supposing (that)
In the event that
Granted (granting)
that
• Considering (that)
• Seeing (that)
• Now (that)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
In order that
So (that)
Such that
Except that
Excepting (that)
Save that
But that
Insofar that
For all that
Granted (granting)
that
Complex subordinators
• He has many faults, but for all that I
like him.
• He request is unreasonable in that he
knows we can’t afford it.
• Granted that we have no future.
• In the event that he has not been
told, I will tell him.
Correlative subordinators
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
As … as
As… so
Not so … as
Such … as
Barely / hardly / scarcely … when
No sooner … than
Whether … or
More / less … than
The… the,
Correlative subordinators
• I had hardly left when the quarrel
started.
• We had no sooner sat down than we
found it was time to go.
• Hardly had I left when the quarrel
started.
• No sooner had we sat down than we
found it was time to go.
Marginal subordinators
• Marginal subordinators refer to some free
lexical combinations, which is hard to
distinguish from complex subordinators:
• Even if, if only, only if
• Every time (that), the moment (that)
• Due to the fact (that), for the reason
(that)
• For fear (that)
• In spite of the fact (that)
• On the grounds that
Subordinate clauses (finite)
• A finite subordinate clause is one
whose predicator is a finite verb
phrase.
• Syntactically, subordinate clauses
can be subdivided into
• nominal clauses
• relative clauses, and
• adverbial clauses
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因此用过去进行时。