Revisiting CB Use of
AS9101 Rev D
Tim Lee
12 March 2012
Company Confidential
AS9101 Rev D Fundamentals
• 9101 defines requirements for the
preparation and execution of the audit
• It defines the content and composition for the
audit reporting of conformity and process
effectiveness, based on
– 9100-series standards requirements
– the organization’s quality management system
documentation, and
– customer/regulatory requirements
• It builds on and mandates requirements and
guidelines in ISO/IEC 17021 and ISO 19011
AS9101 Rev D:
• CBs have now been using AS9101 Rev D for
some time and for all 91XX:2009 transition
• We have learned that auditing practices and
use of 9101 is inconsistent
• We need to improve the effectiveness of CBs
auditing and audit reporting to
‒ Detect and stop nonconforming practices before
they become normalised
‒ Ensure that CB clients and their clients gain benefit
from the audits and the audit reports
‒ Build and retain confidence airworthiness and other
authorities confidence in the ICOP scheme
Review of CB Audit Reports:
• The IAQG OPMT carried out a review of sample
reports in October 2011
• ABs have also been reporting findings made as
a result of witnessed assessments and review
of CB audit reports
• Following slides provide information on those
findings and will help prepare you for
assessments you will carry out
• There will be IAQG OPMT material in future
that focuses on positive models for
General 9101 Report Findings:
• Established audit objectives are not always in
line with the example in 9101 instructions e.g.
‘Upgrading of certification to 9100:2009’
• Audit Plans and OERs do not always
demonstrate that an interview with top
management has taken place
• Annex E audit conclusions are weak in relation
to overall performance, effectiveness and
compliance of the QMS of the client
organisation or in respect of the audit
objectives often providing stories of the client
General 9101 Report Findings:
• Forms are not being filled accurately from
9101 instructions
• Stage 1 form is incorrectly populated with
regard to Aviation, Space and Defence
business and associated employees
• Forms other than the OER are being modified
• Previous version 9101 forms are being used
on occasions e.g. for NCRs
• Annex E not being completed until after all of
the NCRs raised were closed out i.e. completed
at final situation not situation at closing
General 9101 Report Findings:
• Recommendations being made incorrectly:
‒ Recommendation for certification made even though
NCRs are raised
(i.e. wrong recommendation box ticked)
• Virtually no use of Annex G for complex clients
with more than one site
• Lack of understanding that a second Annex E is
required after a visit to close out NCRs
• Decision-making is not finding and resolving
issues in audit reports
‒ No specific requirement for decision-makers to attend
AATT or similar to understand 91XX:2009 and AS9101
Rev D requirements on auditors
9101 Report Findings – QMS Matrix:
• The QMS Matrix does not always contain all
processes of the client
• QMS Matrix does not contain sub-processes or
valued-added activities
• QMS Matrix completed with X rather than the
required C or N
9101 Report Findings - PEARs:
• Processes that contain clause 7 of 91XX:2009
requirements do not have an associated PEAR
in all cases
• PEAR forms not always contain a description of
the process and interactions that is sufficient
to understand the client’s process (or meet
• Clauses recorded on the PEAR are not always
consistent with QMS matrix or listed as ‘see
QMS Matrix’
• PEAR process measures do not always contain
9101 Report Findings – PEARs:
• PEAR process measures accepted are not
always consistent or applicable to the control
of the process
• Actual process performance is not always
• Improvement actions against performance
below target do not in all cases result in
process achieving targets but process
described as ‘Level 3’
• Improvement actions are not described just
recorded as ‘in place’
9101 Report Findings – PEARs:
• Several processes effectiveness measures
described but actual performance data not
reported against all them
• Process effectiveness not always recorded on
the PEAR
• Audit conclusions and process effectiveness
determination contain information that
appears to be nonconformities but no
conformities raised.
• PEARs do not always contain the detail of the
audit trail to confirm the process is deployed,
working and effective as described by the
9101 Report Findings – NCRs:
• Incorrect classification of nonconformities
against the 9101 definitions (previous pre2009 version definitions are still being used)
• Containment, root cause and corrective actions
being accepted by auditors even if they don’t
address or fully address the nonconformity
• Details of the verification activity are not
always described on the NCR form
General Report Findings - OERs:
• OER forms are not being fully populated –
many boxes have no objective evidence (or
reference to a PEAR)
• OER does not have columns correctly
completed with required C or NCR
• PEAR forms reference the OER however no
objective evidence recorded in the OER at the
reference point
Additional Feedback:
• Because a stage 1 was not mandated for
transition insufficient planning is taking place
ahead of the on-site transition audit to fully
inform the audit team
• Performance measures set by the company are
not traced back to the customer or other
requirements to confirm validity of target
• Auditors are guiding or prompting the client as
to the ‘correct’ number of processes
• Auditors are seeking to minimise the number
of PEARs to be raised by compressing
processes together at a higher level e.g.
Oversight and 9101
• During oversight you will see 9101 in use:
– As part of the audit process requirements during
witness assessments
– As part of the overall set of records held by the CB
to demonstrate the audit process
• In both cases you will be looking to see that
9101 requirements have been followed but
also that CB audit teams
– Audit processes and process performance
– Follow and demonstrate the required focus elements
– Conduct a competent audit that demonstrates the
overall QMS performance and effectiveness
– Audit conclusions reflect the audit trail and findings
Oversight and 9101
• Think about how the OEM will use the audit
report, to understand:
– How their supplier works
– How effectively the client is turning customer
requirements into deliverables
– If the supplier will deliver conforming products ontime
– Where the weaknesses in the suppliers management
system exists
– How effectively the supplier is fixing problems and
improving to deliver conforming products on time
– If further assessment of the supplier is required
Approach to oversight
• Use the QMS Matrix to quickly understand the
established processes
• Use the PEARs to gain an understanding of
– What each process does – inputs to outputs
– How the process works - activities
– How the process is measured and monitored
– If the measures are appropriate to the process
– How the process is performing against targets
– If not performing effectively what the supplier is
doing to improve and if that improvement is working
• If you can’t determine these items then the
PEAR is not complete or effective
Approach to oversight
• Where the PEAR identifies nonconformity
– Follow the nonconformity
• Nonconformities:
– What were they?
– Is the statement of nonconformity actually a
statement of nonconformity?
– Is the nonconformity consistent with the issue
– Was it correctly graded?
– What caused it?
– How was it contained and corrected?
– What was used to verify the correction?
– Is the process now conforming and effective?
Approach to oversight
• What are the other nonconformities?
– Should they have been inside the PEAR?
– Are they correctly graded?
• Review the OER if you need detail on a
specific item or from a PEAR prompt
• Review the audit report
– Does it reflect the audit results?
– Does it draw appropriate conclusions?
– Are the conclusions in line with the results and
the audit objectives?
• Is the recommendation appropriate given
everything else?
Approach to oversight
• The certification decision
– Who took the decision?
– Were they competent?
– Were they effective?
• Was the complete report uploaded to OASIS?
– Correctly?
– Everything uploaded that was supposed to be?
– Uploaded before previous certificate expired?
– Uploaded within correct timescales?
» Last day of surveillance + 90 days
» Certification decision + 30 days
Forms Focus – QMS Matrix
(Annex D)
• QMS Matrix:
– To be completed by the audit team for each visited
site to demonstrate which processes and quality
management system clauses have been audited
– Relates the Suppliers’ processes to clauses within
the 91XX:2009 standard
• Why useful?
– Identifies which processes contain clauses that fall
within clause 7 of 91XX:2009
– Each product realisation process is to be recorded
on a PEAR (see 9101 clause
– Quick cross check to determine if the CB has raised
sufficient PEAR (see 9101 clause 3.7) forms.
Forms Focus – PEAR
(Annex C)
• Process Effectiveness Assessment Report:
– Defined as ‘A document stating results and providing
evidence of determination on the effectiveness of a
– Each product realisation process is to be recorded
– Content is to reflect 9101 clauses and
regarding process management and process
performance and effectiveness
– 9101 Clause NOTE 2:
» If clause 7 of the 9100-series standards and its’ subclauses are associated with processes that are
addressed by PEARs, the objective evidence is only
required to be documented on the PEAR. In such case,
the PEAR number should be referenced in the OER.
Forms Focus – PEAR
(Annex C)
• Process Effectiveness Assessment Report:
– 9101 Clause NOTE 4:
» At the discretion of the auditing organization, other
processes can be recorded on a PEAR
– The results of effectiveness shall be recorded on the
PEAR (see Annex C) for each audited product
realisation process.
– The level of effectiveness for each recorded process
shall be recorded on the PEAR (statement of
effectiveness level).
– The level of effectiveness for each recorded process
has been classified as a ‘2’ or a ‘1’, this shall result in
a nonconformity being issued against 9100-series
standards clauses 4.1.c and f (see clause 4.2.4).
Forms Focus – PEAR
(Annex C)
• Statement of Effectiveness:
• Instructions:
Forms Focus – PEAR
(Annex C)
• Turn to PEAR form and instructions page
• Review form and associated instructions and
note the following
– Box 4 – Requires the OASIS OIN number
– Box 9 - Process details, including associated process
» Summarise the process activities, inputs, and outputs;
including the identification of associated process
– Box 10 – Applicable AQMS Clause(s)
» Identify the applicable primary 9100/9110/9120
clause(s) for this process.
Forms Focus – PEAR
(Annex C)
• Review form and associated instructions and
note the following
– Box 11 - Organization’s method for determining
process effectiveness
» Describe the method used by the organization to
determine process effectiveness
» [e.g., identification of Key Performance Indicators
(KPIs) and associated targets, process capability data].
– Box 12 - Auditor observations and comments
supporting process effectiveness determination
» Annotate relevant objective evidence, observed
conditions, data, information, comments, etc. to support
the auditor's statement of effectiveness or
ineffectiveness, as indicated in Box #13.
» This evidence can replace the evidence in the OER
Forms Focus – PEAR
(Annex C)
• Example PEAR: Purchasing Process
– Example has three parts; bad example, good example
and the form instructions as below:
Example B:
Process Effectiveness
Assessment Report
Super CB
Organization: A Customer Limited
PEAR Number: 02
Site: Somewhere
Audit Report Number: #1
Example A:
Issue Date: 25/12/2011
Super CB
Process Effectiveness
Assessment Report
Site: Somewhere Site
Wisteria Lane, Somewhere
Organization: A Customer Limited
PEAR Number: 02
OIN: 6123456789
Issue Date: 25/12/2011
Process Name: Purchasing
Process details, including associated process interfaces:
Inputs: Approved quotation, engineering definition/drawing, purchase requisitions – computer or manually
generated, manufacturing schedule, delivery schedule, customer sourcing requirements.
Process Name: Purchasing
Audit Report Number: #1
Process details, including associated process interfaces:
Purchase of parts for use by production from approved suppliers
Applicable 9100/9110/9120 clause(s): 4.1, 4.2.3, 4.2.4, 5.3, 5.4.1, 5.5.1, 5.6, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 7.1.2, 7.1.3, 7.4,
7.4.1, 7.4.2, 7.4.3, 7.5.1, 7.5.2, 7.5.3, 7.5.4, 7.5.5, 7.6, 8.2.1, 8.2.3, 8.3, 8.4, 8.5.1, 8.5.2, 8.5.3
Organization’s method for determining process effectiveness:
Outputs: Approved suppliers, purchased materials and parts, completed subcontract services, stores stock for
manufacturing, stock issued to manufacturing, records of: goods received (including C of C and Mill
Certificates), stock and completed purchase orders, shipped items delivery notes / records, C of Cs and EASA
Form 1s (8130s), supplier performance data.
1) Materials/services received by “Required Date”
2) On-time delivery
Auditor observations and comments supporting process effectiveness determination:
The process was evaluated and found to be conforming. Samples taken were all found to be compliant with
process and 9100 requirements. On time delivery from suppliers a problem but actions are planned to be
taken to improve the situation. On time delivery to the customer is mainly good but with occasional variations.
It is known that there are improvement plans in place by management to improve the situation.
Process activities: Maintain the Approved Supplier Listing, Create Purchase Orders, Manage subcontract
services, generate pick tickets/pick stock/issue stock, receive and inspect purchases and issuing, packaging
and delivery of finished products.
Statement of Effectiveness Level:
The process is:
1. Not implemented; planned results are not achieved.
2. Implemented; planned results are not achieved and appropriate actions not taken.
3. Implemented; planned results are not achieved, but appropriate actions being taken.
4. Implemented; planned results are achieved.
Process interfaces include: Engineering – Production Engineers, Contracts Department – Sales personnel
Suppliers (sales, quality, transport), Manufacturing - Production Manager/personnel, Accounts – sales and
purchasing ledger staff, Customer – Goods receipt / transport Internally within process Buyer, Goods
receiving staff, Shipping staff, Inspection, transport personnel
Other Observations: The risk management model indicates Purchasing is a “high” risk process with a “high”
impact and a “medium” likelihood.
Applicable 9100/9110/9120 clause(s):
6.3, 6.4, 7.1.3, 7.4 (including 7.4.1, 7.4.2, 7.4.3), 7.5.3, 7.5.4, 7.5.5, 8.2.3, 8.3, 8.4, 8.5.2
Organization’s method for determining process effectiveness:
A Customer utilises the following metrics to determine process effectiveness:
Auditor Name(s):
Joe T Auditor
Auditee Representative Acknowledgement
A N Auditee
Joe T Auditor
Materials/services received by “Required Date” – Target 98% schedule adherence
Approved Suppliers must have performance scores in Acceptable range –Target 95% in Acceptable range
Manufacturing Orders picked and issued to schedule – Target 98% schedule adherence
On-time in full delivery to the customer - ” – Target 100% schedule adherence
A N Auditee
– Discuss the examples
Forms Focus – OER
(Annex A)
• Objective Evidence Record:
– A document recording objective evidence of the audit
findings, including reference to the reviewed or
observed procedures, records, products, processes,
and associated NCRs and opportunities for
– 9101 Clause
» The audit team shall record detailed objective evidence
(e.g., reviewed procedures, shop orders, training
records, products, verification records).
» The objective evidence shall be on a standardised form
[i.e., the OER (see Annex A)], or on the CBs own
documentation. In this case, the CB document shall
meet the intent of the OER.
» The completed forms shall be included in the audit
records maintained by the CB.
Forms Focus – OER
(Annex A)
• Objective Evidence Record:
– 9101 Clause continued …
» NOTE 1 Population of the OER may start during the
Stage 1 audit to record the documents reviewed.
» NOTE 2 If clause 7 of the 9100-series standards and its’
sub-clauses are associated with processes that are
addressed by PEARs, the objective evidence is only
required to be documented on the PEAR. In such case,
the PEAR number should be referenced in the OER.
– No other form can have an equivalent or
alternative developed by the CB for its own use
– Discussion Point:
» What would you expect a CBs own documentation
to look like that meets the INTENT of the OER?
Forms Focus – NCR
(Annex B)
• Nonconformity Report:
– The NCR (see Annex B) shall be used to record
– Each NCR shall contain only one nonconformity.
– When nonconformities are identified, the audit team
shall categorize the nonconformity as ‘major’ or
’minor’, according to the definitions provided in
section 3 of 9101.
» Please read 3.2 – Major Nonconformity
» Please read 3.3 – Minor Nonconformity
» Discussion Point:
» What has changed in these definitions from the previous
9101 document?
Forms Focus – NCR
(Annex B)
• Nonconformity Report:
– The need for containment in accordance with the
organization’s corrective action process shall be
reviewed by the audit team.
» Please read 9101 clause 3.1 Containment
– Recurrence of the same or similar nonconformity
found during consecutive audits at a particular
site/location shall be considered as a failure of the
corrective action process (see 9100-series standards
clause 8.5.2) and shall result in a major
nonconformity being issued.
Forms Focus – NCR
(Annex B)
• Nonconformity Management
(9101 clause 4.2.4)
– Turn to 9101 clause 4.2.4 and read the clause
– Note the timescales set out in this section:
» … 7 calendar days after the audit when the nature of the
nonconformity needs immediate containment
» … next 14 calendar days to reach agreement with the
audit for the effectiveness of the action taken
» a maximum of 30 days from the end of the on-site audit
to agree corrective action(s) and corrective action plans
– Discussion Point:
» According to ISO 17021 or 9101, what is the maximum
time a nonconformity report can remain open before
verification activities are required to be completed?
» Consider Initial audit, Surveillance, Recertification
AS9101 Rev D FAQs
• Answers to Frequently Asked Questions have
been developed
• Available on the IAQG Website at:
91XX:2009 Questions?
• Refer to Deployment Support Material i.e.
FAQs, Clarifications, Changes and rational
and Auditor Guidance Material
• Available on the IAQG Website at:

Revisiting 9101-2009