Poetry Between what I see and what I say, between what I say and what I keep silent, between what I keep silent and what I dream, between what I dream and what I forget: poetry. -Octavio Paz Poetry Literary expression characterized by particular attention to rhythm, sound, and the concentrated, concrete use of language. “Language at its most distilled and powerful.” –Rita Dove Two ways to classify poems -Content/Purpose -Structure Types of Poems by purpose Narrative Poem A narrative poem tells a story in verse. -Ballad: songlike poem that tells a story. -Epic: See notes -Metrical Romance: Poem that tells of romance. Types of poems by purpose Dramatic Poem A dramatic poem makes use of the conventions of drama -Dramatic Monologue: A poem or speech in which an imaginary character speaks to a listener. Soliloquy Types of poems by purpose -Dramatic Dialogue: A poem in which two speakers converse with one another. Types of poems by Purpose Lyric Poem A lyric poem is a melodic poem that expresses the observations and the feelings of a single speaker. A lyric poem focuses on a single unified effect. Lyric Poem types The Elegy: A reflective poem that laments the loss of someone or something. How did it get so late so soon? It’s night before it’s noon. December is here before it’s June. My goodness how the time has flewn. How did it get so late so soon. -Dr. Seuss Lyric Poem types The Ode: A long, formal lyric poem, usually meditative, that treats a noble or otherwise elevated subject in a dignified manner. Odes often honor people, commemorate events, respond to nature, or consider aspects of the human condition. Types of Lyric poems The Sonnet (Both purpose and structure) : “little song” A lyric poem that consists of fourteen lines and that follows one of several traditional rhyme schemes. Sonnets may address a range of themes, but love is the most common.