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Chapter 6
Civil Rights
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Chapter Outline and Learning
Objectives
Roots of Suffrage: 1800-1890
LO 6.1: Trace the efforts from 1800 to 1890
of African Americans and women to win the
vote.
The Push for Equality, 1890-1954
LO 6.2: Outline the developments in African
Americans’ and women’s push for equality
from 1890 to 1954.
Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman
Chapter Outline and Learning
Objectives
The Civil Rights Movement
LO 6.3: Analyze the civil rights movement
and the effects of the Civil Rights Act of
1964.
The Women’s Rights Movement
LO 6.4: Assess statutory and constitutional
remedies for discrimination pursued and
achieved by the women’s rights movement.
Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman
Chapter Outline and Learning
Objectives
Other Groups Mobilize for Rights
LO 6.5: Describe how other groups have
mobilized in pursuit of their own civil rights.
Toward Reform: Civil Rights and
Affirmative Action
LO 6.6: Evaluate the ongoing debate
concerning civil rights and affirmative
action.
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Roots of Suffrage: 1800-1890
LO 6.1: Trace the efforts from 1800 to 1890 of African Americans and
women to win the vote.
•
•
•
Slavery and Congress
–
–
Slave trade banned (1808)
South remains dependent upon
slave labor
Abolition and women’s rights
–
–
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Seneca Falls Convention (1848)
–
–
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
The calm before the storm
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LO 6.1
The Civil War and Its Aftermath: Civil
Rights Laws and Constitutional
Amendments
•
•
•
Thirteenth Amendment: abolishes slavery
–
Black codes
–
Equal protection clause/due process
–
Exclusion of women
Fourteenth Amendment: provides equal
treatment
Fifteenth Amendment: enfranchises newly
freed male slaves
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Civil Rights, Congress, and the
Supreme Court
•
•
•
•
•
LO 6.1
Civil Rights Act of
1875
Jim Crow laws
Civil rights
cases (1883)
Poll tax
Grandfather
clause
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LO 6.1
The Emancipation Proclamation did which of the
following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
It freed all slaves in the union.
It freed all slaves in the Confederate states.
It did not actually free the slaves.
It freed only the slaves of the “deep South”
It freed only the slaves who opposed the Confederate
states.
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LO 6.1
The Emancipation Proclamation did which of the
following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
It freed all slaves in the union.
It freed all slaves in the Confederate states.
It did not actually free the slaves.
It freed only the slaves of the “deep South”
It freed only the slaves who opposed the Confederate
states.
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The Push for Equality, (1890-1954)
LO 6.2: Outline developments in African Americans’ and women’s
push for equality from 1890 to 1954.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
NAACP (1909)
National American Woman
Suffrage Association (1890)
National Consumers League
Nineteenth Amendment
(1920)
Test cases
Brown v. Board of Education
(1954)
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LO 6.2
The first of the “test cases” involved H.M.
Sweat at the University of ____________,
School of ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Arkansas, Business
Florida, Business
Alabama, Law
Texas, Law
Oklahoma, Education
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LO 6.2
The first of the “test cases” involved H.M.
Sweat at the University of ____________,
School of ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Arkansas, Business
Florida, Business
Alabama, Law
Texas, Law
Oklahoma, Education
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The Civil Rights Movement
LO 6.3: Analyze the civil rights movement and the effects of the
Civil Rights Act of 1964.
•
•
Desegregation after Brown
–
Resistance
–
Rosa Parks
Civil rights groups
–
–
•
Boycotts
•
Led by Martin Luther King, Jr.
•
Freedom rides and sit-ins
Southern Christian
Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Student Non-Violent
Coordinating Committee
(SNCC)
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The Civil Rights Act of 1964
•
Civil Rights Act of 1964
–
–
–
–
–
•
LO 6.3
Outlawed segregation in public places
Banned discrimination in employment, education,
voting
Enabled federal intervention
Created the Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission
Applied to race, creed, color, religion, national origin,
sex
Statutory remedies for race discrimination
–
–
Education: de jure and de facto discrimination
Employment
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LO 6.3
Which of the following organizations was
led by students?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
NAACP
SCLC
LDF
SNCC
NCL
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LO 6.3
Which of the following organizations was
led by students?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
NAACP
SCLC
LDF
SNCC
NCL
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The Women’s Rights Movement
LO 6.4: Assess statutory and constitutional remedies for
discrimination pursued and achieved by the women’s rights
movement.
•
•
•
The Feminine Mystique
by Betty Friedan
(1963)
National Organization
for Women (NOW)
(1966)
Equal Rights
Amendment (1972)
–
–
Adopted but never ratified
Roe v. Wade (1973)
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LO 6.4
The Equal Protection Clause and
Constitutional Standards of Review
•
•
Based on Fourteenth Amendment
Three different standards of review
–
–
–
•
Strict scrutiny or heightened standard
•
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
•
Craig v. Boren (1976)
•
Romer v. Evens (1996)
Intermediate standard
Minimum rationality standard
Statutory Remedies for sex discrimination
–
–
Equal Pay Act of 1963
Title VII, IX
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LO 6.4
Despite protecting against many types of
discrimination, the Supreme Court has allowed
which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Draft registration for males only.
State statutory rape laws that apply only to
female victims.
Different requirements for a child’s acquisition
of citizenship based on whether the citizen
parent is a mother or a father.
All of the above.
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LO 6.4
Despite protecting against many types of
discrimination, the Supreme Court has allowed
which of the following?
A.
B.
Draft registration for males only.
State statutory rape laws that apply only to
female victims.
C. Different requirements for a child’s acquisition
of citizenship based on whether the citizen
parent is a mother or a father.
D. All of the above.
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Other Groups Mobilize for Rights
LO 6.5: Describe how other groups have mobilized in pursuit of
their own civil rights.
•
•
•
•
•
Hispanic Americans
American Indians
Asian and Pacific Island
Americans
Gays and lesbians
Americans with disabilities
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LO 6.5
Hispanic Americans
•
•
•
•
Largest and fastest growing
group in United States
High levels of activism and
rallies begin in 1960s
United Farm Workers,
National Council of La Raza
Use of litigation by LULAC
and MALDEF
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LO 6.5
American Indians
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Unique status under U.S
law
Isolation and assimilation
Native American Rights
Fund (NARF) (1970)
American Indian Movement
–
Bury my Heart at Wounded
Knee (1971)
Hunting, fishing, land rights
Religious freedom
Casinos
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LO 6.5
Asian and Pacific Island Americans
•
•
•
•
•
•
Pan Asian identity
History of restrictions on
immigration and employment
Internment of Japanese
Americans in World War II
Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)
Civil Liberties Act of 1988
–
Apology accepted?
Recent increased political
mobilization
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LO 6.5
Gays and Lesbians
•
•
•
•
•
Major gains in recent
years
Lambda Legal, Lesbian
Rights Project, GLAD
“Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”
Lawrence v. Texas
(2003)
Gay marriage; a state
issue
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LO 6.5
Americans with Disabilities
•
•
•
Americans with
Disabilities Act of
1990 (ADA)
Tennessee v. Lane
(2004)
American Association
of People with
Disabilities (AAPD)
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LO 6.5
What was the first law to restrict immigration
based upon nationality?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
The Un-Civil Rights Act of 1903
The Immigration and Sedition Act of 1876
The Native American and First Nation Peoples
Immigration Act of 1927
None of the Above
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LO 6.5
What was the first law to restrict immigration
based upon nationality?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
The Un-Civil Rights Act of 1903
The Immigration and Sedition Act of 1876
The Native American and First Nation Peoples
Immigration Act of 1927
None of the Above
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Toward Reform: Civil Rights and
Affirmative Action
LO 6.6: Evaluate the ongoing debate concerning civil rights and
affirmative action.
•
•
•
•
What is affirmative action?
Regents of the University of California v.
Bakke (1978)
The Grutter and Gratz decisions of 2003
Where does affirmative action stand
today?
–
Race, gender, ethnicity, etc., can be a factor but
not the only factor in determining placement or
hiring
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LO 6.6
In 1986, the elevation of __________ to Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court signaled and end to
advances in civil rights laws.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Sandra Day O’Connor
Antonin Scalia
William H. Rehnquist
Sonya Sotomayor
John Paul Stevens
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LO 6.6
In 1986, the elevation of __________ to Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court signaled and end to
advances in civil rights laws.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Sandra Day O’Connor
Antonin Scalia
William H. Rehnquist
Sonya Sotomayor
John Paul Stevens
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Figure 6.1: What do people think about
affirmative action?
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Table 6.1: What are the standards of review
fashioned by the Court under the equal
protection clause?
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