Chapter 24
Industry Comes of Age,
1865–1900
Question
In the case of Wabash et. al. v. Illinois, the
Supreme Court
a) decreed that individual states had no power to
regulate interstate commerce.
b) prohibited rebates and pools and required the
railroads to publish their rates openly.
c) forbade unfair discrimination against shippers and
outlawed charging more for a short haul.
d) set up the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
to administer and enforce the new legislation.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 2
Answer
In the case of Wabash et. al. v. Illinois, the
Supreme Court
a) decreed that individual states had no power to
regulate interstate commerce. (correct)
b) prohibited rebates and pools and required the
railroads to publish their rates openly.
c) forbade unfair discrimination against shippers and
outlawed charging more for a short haul.
d) set up the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
to administer and enforce the new legislation.
Hint: See page 573.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 3
Question
The Interstate Commerce Act did all of the
following EXCEPT
a) prohibited rebates and pools and required the
railroads to publish their rates openly.
b) forbade unfair discrimination against shippers and
outlawed charging more for a short haul.
c) set up the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
to administer and enforce the new legislation.
d) decreed that individual states had no power to
regulate interstate commerce.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 4
Answer
The Interstate Commerce Act did all of the
following EXCEPT
a) prohibited rebates and pools and required the
railroads to publish their rates openly.
b) forbade unfair discrimination against shippers and
outlawed charging more for a short haul.
c) set up the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
to administer and enforce the new legislation.
d) decreed that individual states had no power to
regulate interstate commerce. (correct)
Hint: See page 573.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 5
Question
All of the following were true of Vertical integration
EXCEPT Carnegie
a) integrated every phase of his steel-making
operation.
b) bought up all competitors in the steel industry to
virtually monopolize the market.
c) improved efficiency by making supplies more
reliable, controlling product quality at all stages of
production, and eliminating middlemen’s fees.
d) combined into one organization all phases of
manufacturing from mining to marketing.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 6
Answer
All of the following were true of Vertical integration
EXCEPT Carnegie
a) integrated every phase of his steel-making
operation.
b) bought up all competitors in the steel industry to
virtually monopolize the market. (correct)
c) improved efficiency by making supplies more
reliable, controlling product quality at all stages of
production, and eliminating middlemen’s fees.
d) combined into one organization all phases of
manufacturing from mining to marketing.
Hint: See page 575.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 7
Question
All of the following were true of the American
Federation of Labor EXCEPT
a) it was a federation of exclusively skilled craft unions.
b) it accepted the framework of American capitalism.
c) Gompers’s conservative strategy eventually carried
the day over the utopian dream of the Knights of
Labor.
d) it consisted of an association of national union,
which sacrificed their autonomy by sublimating
themselves to the AF of L.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 8
Answer
All of the following were true of the American
Federation of Labor EXCEPT
a) it was a federation of exclusively skilled craft unions.
b) it accepted the framework of American capitalism.
c) Gompers’s conservative strategy eventually carried
the day over the utopian dream of the Knights of
Labor.
d) it consisted of an association of national union,
which sacrificed their autonomy by sublimating
themselves to the AF of L. (correct)
Hint: See page 589.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 9
Question
Horizontal integration meant all of the following
EXCEPT
a) combining into one organization all phases of
manufacturing.
b) perfecting the trust— a device for controlling
bothersome rivals.
c) allying with competitors to monopolize a given
market.
d) consolidating and concerting the operations of
previously competing enterprises.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 10
Answer
Horizontal integration meant all of the following
EXCEPT
a) combining into one organization all phases of
manufacturing. (correct)
b) perfecting the trust— a device for controlling
bothersome rivals.
c) allying with competitors to monopolize a given
market.
d) consolidating and concerting the operations of
previously competing enterprises.
Hint: See page 575.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 11
Question
All of the following were true of the Standard Oil
Company EXCEPT
a) it cornered virtually the entire world petroleum
market.
b) weaker competitors, left out of the trust agreement,
were forced to the wall.
c) Rockefeller’s stunning success inspired many
imitators.
d) it created government-mandated standard pricing,
quality control, and delivery mechanisms.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 12
Answer
All of the following were true of the Standard Oil
Company EXCEPT
a) it cornered virtually the entire world petroleum
market.
b) weaker competitors, left out of the trust agreement,
were forced to the wall.
c) Rockefeller’s stunning success inspired many
imitators.
d) it created government-mandated standard pricing,
quality control, and delivery mechanisms. (correct)
Hint: See page 575.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 13
Question
All of the following were true of beliefs of Social
Darwinism EXCEPT
a) people gained wealth by “survival of the fittest.”
b) the wealthy had simply won a natural competition
and owed nothing to the poor.
c) service to the poor would interfere with this organic
process.
d) “The man who dies thus rich
dies disgraced.”
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 14
Answer
All of the following were true of beliefs of Social
Darwinism EXCEPT
a) people gained wealth by “survival of the fittest.”
b) the wealthy had simply won a natural competition
and owed nothing to the poor.
c) service to the poor would interfere with this organic
process.
d) “The man who dies thus rich
dies disgraced.” (correct)
Hint: See pages 579–580.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 15
Question
All of the following were true of the Sherman AntiTrust Act EXCEPT it
a) forbade combinations in restraint of trade.
b) made distinctions between “good” trusts and “bad”
trusts.
c) contained legal loopholes through which clever
corporation lawyers could wriggle.
d) was used to curb labor unions or labor combinations
that were deemed to be restraining trade.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 16
Answer
All of the following were true of the Sherman AntiTrust Act EXCEPT it
a) forbade combinations in restraint of trade.
b) made distinctions between “good” trusts and “bad”
trusts. (correct)
c) contained legal loopholes through which clever
corporation lawyers could wriggle.
d) was used to curb labor unions or labor combinations
that were deemed to be restraining trade.
Hint: See pages 580–581.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 17
Question
All of the following are true of Haymarket Square EXCEPT
a) the Chicago police advanced on a meeting called to protest
alleged brutalities by the authorities.
b) a dynamite bomb was thrown that killed or injured several
dozen people, including police.
c) the judge and jury held that since the arrested anarchists had
preached incendiary doctrines, they could be charged with
conspiracy.
d) Governor Altgeld refused to pardon the three surviving
anarchists who were not executed.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 18
Answer
All of the following are true of Haymarket Square EXCEPT
a) the Chicago police advanced on a meeting called to protest
alleged brutalities by the authorities.
b) a dynamite bomb was thrown that killed or injured several
dozen people, including police.
c) the judge and jury held that since the arrested anarchists had
preached incendiary doctrines, they could be charged with
conspiracy.
d) Governor Altgeld refused to pardon the three surviving
anarchists who were not executed. (correct)
Hint: See page 589.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 19
Question
All of the following were true of the Knights of
Labor EXCEPT
a) it was a loose-knit organization of nearly 1,000,000
working people.
b) they rejected membership from female
members.
c) they preached tolerance and the solidarity of all
working men.
d) they championed the Contract Labor Law of 1885,
which aimed to restrain competition from low-wage
immigrant workers.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 20
Answer
All of the following were true of the Knights of
Labor EXCEPT
a) it was a loose-knit organization of nearly 1,000,000
working people.
b) they rejected membership from female
members. (correct)
c) they preached tolerance and the solidarity of all
working men.
d) they championed the Contract Labor Law of 1885,
which aimed to restrain competition from low-wage
immigrant workers.
Hint: See page 590.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
24 | 21