title slide 1
Welcomehome
Re-entry
workshop
1
title
slide
2
&
Globalisation
cosmopolitanism
re-entry workshop
2
goals
Understand the meaning of
‘globalisation’
Understand the term
‘cosmopolitanism’
Develop a cosmopolitan outlook
Maintain global engagement through
future international opportunities
3
goals
like living in a
globalisation
borderless world
Increased connectivity &
integration in economic,
financial, social,
technological, cultural,
political & ecological
spheres.
globalisatio
4
like living in a
globalisation
2
borderless world
For a long time, the globe has
been better ‘integrated’ than we
might have realised;
But it’s also less completely
integrated than we might
think...
globalisatio
5
regional trade in 1962
globalisation 3
globalisatio
maps6 from: http://community.decisci.com/node/48
regional trade in 2000
globalisation 4
globalisatio
maps7 from: http://community.decisci.com/node/48
distribution of world population
globalisation 5
globalisatio
8
destination of international immigrants
globalisation 6
globalisatio
9
origin of international immigrants
globalisation 7
globalisatio
10
airline flights
globalisation 8
globalisatio
11
location of McDonald’s franchises
globalisation 9
globalisatio
12
cases of HIV/AIDS: global health
globalisation 10
globalisatio
13
like living in a
globalisation
11
borderless world?
Enormous differences amongst
nations, depending on which
measures we use.
Globalisation has diverse impacts.
National boundaries still matter
enormously, even to your
experience of ‘global’.
globalisatio
14
forms of globalisation
globalisation 12
Acculturation — culture mixing at boundaries; incremental,
gradual process.
Biculturation — accepting the worth of two cultures & a
capacity to move between cultures comfortably &
confidently.
Cultural colonisation — dominant group extracts valuable
cultural resources from other groups.
Cultural imperialism — dominant group’s culture is forced
upon dominated groups.
globalisatio
Transculturation — a new culture mixes elements of
existing cultures or involves innovations.
15
globalisation 13
Photo, ‘Asian Palace,’ by Robert Wallace,
2007.
Taken in Tsilivi, Zakynthos Zante island, Greece.
Creative Commons license.
Original at
http://www.flickr.com/photos/robwallace/1160058221/
globalisatio
16
globalisation 14
globalisatio
Photo, ‘Elgin Marbles,’ by Phil Whitehouse, 2009.
Taken in London, England.
Creative Commons license.
Original at http://www.flickr.com/photos/philliecasablanca/3501214323/
17
globalisation 15
Painting by unknown artist, ‘Boy
playing cricket,’ undated.
Native of South Australia, pupil of the
Missionary Institute of Poomindie.
globalisatio
18
globalisation 16
globalisatio
Untitled photo, by Anji Barton (‘PoshMoggy’), 2011.
Taken in Jamaica.
Creative Commons license.
Original at http://www.flickr.com/photos/anjibarton/6457423359/
19
In discussing
Americanisation
1
globalisation,’
we tend to
focus on certain
types of
examples,
typically
American...
Americanisatio
20
Americanisation 2
Americanisatio
Photo, ‘Oh Ronald,’ by ‘Photo Jenny’, 2005.
Taken in Beijing, China.
Creative Commons license.
Original at http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotojenny/57118832/
21
Americanisation 3
Americanisatio
Photo, ‘Coke Sakato Break,’ by Tyrone Orbase, 2010.
Taken in the Philippines.
Creative Commons license.
Original at http://www.flickr.com/photos/tirong/716042375/
22
Americanisation 4
Americanisatio
Photo, ‘It’s all in Squiggly,’ by ‘Mr. Smith’, 2008.
Taken in Dubai.
Creative Commons license.
Original at http://www.flickr.com/photos/manuscriptreplica/3555243753/
23
Americanisation 5
Americanisatio
Photo, ‘Only in Japan #1,’ by ChrisSteph LewisBoegeman, 2006.
Taken in Japan.
Creative Commons license.
Original at http://www.flickr.com/photos/chrissam42/202874545/
24
Americanisation 6
Americanisatio
Photo, ‘Coke machine in Brussels,’ by Rik Panganiban, 2010.
Taken in Brussels.
Creative Commons license.
Original at http://www.flickr.com/photos/rikomatic/4633302133/
25
Americanisation 7
Americanisatio
Photo, ‘Juxtaposition,’ by Tushar Dayal, 2006.
Taken in the Iowa, USA.
Creative Commons license.
Original at http://www.flickr.com/photos/tdayal/52503003/
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the world’s
most
globalisation
17
recorded
singers
Toss-up between sisters Lata
Mangeshkar – the ‘Nightingale of
India’ – & Bollywood legend Asha
Bhosle.
Together, they have recorded more
than 100,000 songs in twenty
languages.
globalisatio
•
Globalisation?
•
Certainly not Americanisation.
Photo of Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Boshle, both from
2008.
Creative Commons license.
Originals provided by www.bollywoodhungama.com
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golden arches in China
globalisation 18
Levitt, Theodore. 1983. The Globalization of Markets. Harvard
Business Review (May-June 1983): 92-102.
Yunxiang Yan. 1997. McDonald’s in Beijing: The Localization of
Americana. In Golden Arches East: McDonald’s in East Asia.
James L. Watson, ed. Pp. 39-76. Stanford, Ca.: Stanford
University Press.
See also, Ritzer, George and Todd Stillman. 2003. ‘Assessing
McDonaldization, Americanization and Culture’. In Global
America? The Cultural Consequences of Globalization. Ulrich
Beck, Natan Sznaider and Rainer Winter, eds. Pp. 30-48.
Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press.
globalisatio
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Everyone is so excited
globalisation
to hear about Australia
and they just love my
accent and new words
like ‘Maccas’ for
McDonald’s and
‘singlet’ instead of ‘tank
top’.
19
globalisatio
Danielle P, USA, 14.2.2011
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global or international?
globalisation
20
‘International’ recognises borders and states,
or involves relations between groups identified
by states; whereas
‘Global’ suggests borders and states are not
relevant, either because actors span states or
because distant locations are relevant to us
here and now, without travelling or crossing
borders.
globalisatio
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Rizvi and Lindgard: ‘The
globalization genie has been
let out of the bottle’ and
‘there is no turning back.’
globalisation in
Australia 1
Wesley: ‘In an era of mass
international tourism,
Australians are ironically
becoming more parochial…
and less internationally
aware.’
globalisatio
Photo, ‘Australia,’ of 1961 map by Tom ‘Marxchivist’, 2007.
Creative Commons license.
Original at http://www.flickr.com/photos/tom1231/396978418/
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global & parochial
Is it possible to be
both parochial
& globalised
at the same time?
globalisatio
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globalisation in
Australia 2
globalisatio
33
The majority of Australian exchange students
(survey 2010-11) think their friends and
acquaintances are quite culturally
homogeneous. The students mostly interact
with people who are locally-born and
culturally like themselves.
globalisation in
Australia 3
Even students with an active interest in
studying overseas have surprisingly few non
Australian-born acquaintances and even
fewer non Australian-born friends.
globalisatio
Of these same students, many had already
travelled or lived overseas.
34
Question:
Is it is possible to be both
parochial and globalised at the
same time?
(One possible) answer?
‘Globalisation’ or ‘international
engagement’ through travel or other
means does not necessarily
translate into mixing or meeting with
people of different cultural
backgrounds in one’s own country.
global & parochial 2
globalisatio
35
Kwame Anthony Appiah. 2006.
Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World
of Strangers.
cosmopolitanism
Cosmopolitanism is about
how you cope with others,
not about how many
frequent-flyer miles you
rack up or how globetrotting your consumption
is.
It’s about getting used to
people.
cosmopolitanis
m
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Question:
cosmopolitanism 2
How do we relate this to
study abroad and
exchange?
Navigating cultural differences.
Focusing on cultural difference to explain
disagreement.
cosmopolitanis
m
37
cosmopolitanism
3
‘Oh, you want to do X because you have your
beliefs. I want to do Y because of mine. That’s
okay. We agree to be different.’
‘We agree not to argue about X because we
really want to do Y together.’
cosmopolitanis
m
38
Polygamy of
cosmopolitanism
4
place
The
exchange
student as
cultural
cosmopolitanis
polygamist’?
39
m
unified cultural being but as
a communion of different
cultural
beings. Due to the
cosmopolitanism
5
fact that I have spent time in
different cultural
environments, I have
developed several cultural
identities that diverge and
converge according to the
need of the moment.
cosmopolitanis
m
Sparrow (2000, 190)
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maintaining
connection
global engagement
Off campus
On campus
connection
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‘My semester [abroad] launched me
into a personal and professional
involvement with Spain that has
already lasted 25 years. A political
science lecture in Madrid about U.S.
and Spanish involvement in an
obscure war in Sahara . . . led to a
graduate fellowship to Spain and
North Africa, which led to work as a
foreign correspondent based in Spain.’
connection 2
connection
42
‘I can honestly say that my
life has been shaped and
reshaped by my year with
IES. Without the
experience and friends I
made in Nantes, I would
never have taken the
roads and detours that
have led to such a
fascinating life and career.’
connection 3
\
connection
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Re-entry
workshop
Thank you!
44
Globalisation
&
cosmopolitanism
re-entry workshop
The Bringing the Learning Home Team: Jan
Gothard (Murdoch), Greg Downey (Macquarie),
& Tonia Gray (Wollongong).
The BLTH Students at all three institutions.
For more information: ozstudentsabroad.com or
http://www.tlc.murdoch.edu.au/project/btlh/
Credits
45
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all material presented in this document is provided under a Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 Australia licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/).
The details of the relevant licence conditions are available on the Creative Commons
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Requests and inquiries concerning these rights should be addressed to:
Office for Learning and Teaching
Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education
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Sydney NSW 2001
[email protected]
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Globalisation - Murdoch University