COUNTABLE & UNCOUNTABLE
NOUNS
Uncountable Nouns
 Substances:
 Liquids
water, milk, beer, soup, oil, etc.
 Solids
meat, cheese, butter, bread, etc.
 Gases
pollution, air, oxygen, etc.
 Particles
salt, sugar, pepper, rice, etc.
 Abstract Nouns:
 anger, happiness, fun, knowledge, information, time,
honesty, peace, etc.
Uncountable Nouns

Group names:

Furniture, fruit, jewellery, baggage/luggage, money, weaponry,
ammunition, etc.


Furniture – uncountable
Chair, sofa, table – countable


Fruit – uncountable
Apple, orange, banan – countable


Jewellery – uncountable
Necklace, ring, bracelet – countable


Weaponry – uncountable
Pistol, rufle, gun – countable
Both Countable and Uncountable



Iron
 This cupboard is too heavy, because it's made of iron, (iron
= demir, uncountable)
 It's easier to get creases out with steam Irons, (irons =
ütüler, countable)
Glass
 There may be some glass on the floor, because the window
got broken, (glass =cam, uncountable)
 We need some more glasses for the party, (glass = bardak,
countable)
Paper
 She wastes a lot of paper while writing compositions,
(paper = kağıt,uncountable)
 We always buy two papers at the weekend, (two papers
(newspapers) = iki gazete, countable)
A / An
Some / Any – Much/ Many – Few/Little
Few/ Little – A Few/A Little
 Few / A Few (Countable Nouns)
 I have a few close friends in Istanbul, and we have a
very good time together. (birkaç tane ama yeterli)
 I have few friends in Istanbul, so I feel lonely from
time to time. (very few/only a few friends - çok az
arkadaş, yeterli değil)
 Little / A Little (Uncountable Nouns)
 We have a little milk. Let's make a pudding, (biraz
süt, amacımız için yeterli)
 We have little milk. We can't make a pudding.
(very little/only a little milk - çok az süt, amacımız
için yeterli değil)
Exercise 1: Some of these sentences need a/an.
Correct the sentences which are wrong. If the
sentence is already correct, put “RIGHT”.
Exercise 2: Complete the sentences with one of
the following words. Use a/an where necessary.
Exercise 3: Complete the sentences with one of the
following words. Sometimes the word needs to be
plural(s). Use a/an if necessary.
Answer Key – Exercise 1
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
A very nice restaurant
RIGHT
A toothbrush
A bank
An insurance company
RIGHT
RIGHT
A petrol station
A problem
An interview for a job
A necklace
A very good game
Answer Key – Exercise 2
3. A key
4. A coat
5. Sugar
6. A biscuit
7. Electricity
8. A letter
9. Blood
10.A question
11.A moment
12.A decision
Answer Key – Exercise 3
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Days
Meat
A queue
A letter
Friends
People
Air
Patience
An umbrella
Countries
Space