Passive Voice
Textbook pp.38-43
Subject, Verb and Object
 I bought a car yesterday.
 I (sub) / a car (obj)
 Mary goes to the market to buy an onion.
 Mary (sub) / the market (obj) / an onion (obj)
 I have given you a pen.
 I (sub) / object?
 A pen (direct object) / you (indirect object)
Passive Voice
 I bought a car yesterday.
 Who did the action?
 I  performer
 Who/what was affected in the action?
 A car  receiver
Passive Voice
 My brother broke the window.
 Who broke the window?
 What was broken?
 People speak English all over the world.
 Who speak English?
 What is spoken by the people?
Passive Voice
 The one does the action  performer
 The one affected in the action  receiver
 When the performer is the object of the
sentence  passive voice (被動語氣)
Passive Voice - Pattern
1. Interchange the position of the subject
and object (add ‘by’ before the
performer and change the pronoun)
2. Add ‘verb to be’ before the verb
3. Change the verb into past participle
a book.
A book
is written
by me.
Passive Voice
 In some cases, we may not have the
performer in the passive sentence.
People speak English all over the world.
Bye bye!
 English is spoken all over the world.
Passive Voice
 Present tense
 Add is / am / are
She beats the drum.
 The drum is beaten by her.
Remember to change the pronoun!!!
Passive Voice
 Past tense
 Add was / were
William spent some time doing the project.
 Some time was spent by William doing the
The fascinating scenery attracted a lot of
 A lot of tourists were attracted by the
fascinating scenery.
Passive Voice
 Future tense
 Will be + past participle
Jenny will clean the room.
The room will be cleaned by Jenny.
Passive Voice
 Present perfect tense
 Have / has + been + p.p.
Mary has fed the dogs already.
The dogs have been fed by Mary already.
Passive Voice
 Past perfect tense
 Had + been + p.p.
Joe had visited HK before he went to Taiwan.
HK had been visited by Joe before he went to
Passive Voice
 Present continuous tense
 Is/am/are + being + p.p.
She is washing the clothes now.
The clothes are being washed by her.
Passive Voice
 Past continuous tense
 Was / were + being + p.p.
Dennis was reading a novel when William
came to his house.
A novel was being read by Dennis when
William came to his house.

Passive Voice (revision)