Let’s play…
Phrase &
Clause
Basketball!
What is a
verbal?
A verb form that acts as another
part of speech
What are the 2 prepositional
phrases in the following
sentence & what do they
modify? *2pt.
Skyler loves our new home outside Miami near a
small bay, which offers her many adventures.
1st Phrase:
Modifies:
2nd Phrase:
Modifies:
outside Miami
home
near a small bay
home
What is the
prepositional phrase
in the following
sentence? *1pt.
She traveled extremely well for a cat.
for a cat.
What word is the
prepositional phrase for
a cat modifying in the
following
sentence?
*1pt.
She traveled extremely well for a cat.
well
Making it an adverb
or an adjective
phrase? *1pt.
adverb
What is the
prepositional phrase
in the following
Each
morning we searched
sentence?
*1pt. around the
room to find her.
around the room
Why isn’t the prep. phrase to find
her?
*1pt.
Because to find her is an
infinitive phrase!
What are the 2 prepositional
phrases in the following
sentence & what are they
modifying? *2pts.
I made many drawings of her during the
trip.
of her
Modifying: drawings
2nd Prepositional Phrase
during the trip
Modifying: made
What 2 things do you
need to remember
about a gerund
1.Verb form ending in –ing
phrase?
2.Acts as a Noun
Is the italicized phrase a:
Gerund, Participial,
Infinitive, Appositive, or
Prepositional
Phrase?
*1pt.
Owning her own
business
has always been Janet’s
dream.
Gerund
Q: What do you need to remember
about an infinitive phrase?
It starts with “to”
What is the difference between
an infinitive phrase that starts
with “to” and a prepositional
phrase that starts with “to”?
An infinitive phrase does not have an object; it
will have a verbal in it.
A prepositional phrase has an object and no
verbal.
Q: What 1 word do you think
of when you hear Participial
Phrase, or Participle?
A: Adjective
Q: What is an
appositive phrase?
A: A group of words with an appositive.
(An appositive is a N or Prn placed
beside another N or Prn to describe it.)
Q: Which sentence
has a gerund phrase in
it?
Angela likes fishing for trout in the
Adirondacks.
Waiting in line, Mike got annoyed.
A: The 1st sentence
Q:What phrase do you see in this
sentence and what kind of phrase is it?
*2pts
Looking at himself in the
distorted mirror, Sean laughed.
A: Participial phrase: Looking at
himself in the mirror.
Q: A:What is the appositive
phrase in this sentence?
B: What N is the appositive
describing? *2pts.
The actor, a friend of ours,
obviously enjoyed playing the
villain.
A: a friend of ours
B: actor
Q: Part 1:What 2 things do
you need to remember about
a phrase in general?
A:
1- it does not have a subject &
verb working together.
2- the whole thing acts as 1 POS
Q: Part 2:TRUE or FALSE? A phrase
can act as a complete sentence.
A: FALSE
Q: What 3 things does an
independent clause have?
•Subject
•Verb
•Complete Thought
Q: What 3 characteristics
does a dependent clause
have?
•Subject
•Verb
•NO Complete Thought
Is the italicized clause
Independent or Dependent?
The friendly man who took the
tickets was the conductor.
Dependent Clause
Q: A:What is the dependent
clause in this sentence?
B: Is the clause acting as an ADJ,
ADV, or N? *2pts.
That he is married and has raised
his own children also displays his
dedication to people.
A: That he is married and has raised his own
children
B: Noun…it is the subject of the sentence
Q: A:What is the dependent
clause in this sentence?
B: Is the clause acting as an ADJ,
ADV, or N & why? *2pts.
If the new softball field is ready,
we will play on it in the spring.
A: If the new softball field is ready
B: Adv…it is describing play
Q: A:What is the dependent
clause in this sentence?
B: Is the clause acting as an ADJ,
ADV,
or
N
&
why?
*2pts.
Whoever writes an exceptional
paper will get a level 3 TOT !
A: Whoever writes an exceptional paper
B: Noun…it is the subject
Q: A:What is the dependent clause in this
sentence?
B: Is the clause acting as an ADJ, ADV, or
Joe had shown pictures
he
N & why?that
*2pts.
had from sixth grade.
A: that he had from sixth grade.
B: Adj…it is describing pictures
Why can’t “Joe had shown pictures”
be a dependent clause? 1 pt.
What POS is the
word “that”? 1
pt.
It is an ind clause!
Relative
pronoun
Q: A:What is the dependent
clause in this sentence?
B: Is the clause acting as an ADJ,
ADV, or N? *2pts.
If you want to be successful, you
should commit yourself to
something whole-heartedly.
A: If you want to be successful
B: ADV…it is modifying should commit
True or False? *1 pt.
A clause will always act
as a complete sentence.
FALSE
What is the difference
between a subordinate
clause and a dependent
clause?
NOTHING…THEY’RE THE
SAME THING!!!
Tell which sentence has the noun clause and
which one has the adjective clause and why.
Did you find any plates that are chipped?
I can see that this plate is chipped.
The 1st sentence has an Adjective Clause because
the phrase is describing plates.
The 2nd sentence has a Noun Clause because it tells
what I can see and is the Direct Object.
3 Part Question!
Q: Part 1:What type of phrase is
underlined in the following
sentence?
I went to the store.
Q: Part 2: What is the preposition?
A: Prepositional
Phrase/Adverb Phrase
A: Part 2: to
Q: Part 3: What is the Object of the Preposition?
A: Part 3: store
Analyze the following 2 sentences.
Sent. 1: The friendly man who was the
conductor.
What specific part of speech is the
word “who” in the sentence
above? 1 pt.
Relative
Pronoun (1pt.)
Which means it must be
introducing what specifically?
Dep. Adj.
Clause (1pt.)
Sent. 2: Who was the friendly man?
What specific POS is the word
“Who” in the sentence above?
Interrogative Pronoun…introducing
a question (1 pt.)
Good Luck on the
Test!
Don’t forget to study!!!
Test is Monday!!!
Confidence is key!!!