 Initial
Revelation
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9.
Phase
From Loah-e-Mehfooz
Initial Compilation
Stones, Leaves, Hide, Boon
First Compilation
Learning by Heart
Second Compilation-Book- Manuscript
Copies of the Qur-3rd Caliph
Consensus on one dialect
Punctuation of Quran
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Surat Al-Ĥijr - ‫سورة الحجر‬

Lo! We, even We, reveal the Reminder, and lo!
We verily are its Guardian.
‫ بےشک یہ (کتاب) نصیحت ہمیں نے اُتاری ہے اور ہم‬
‫ہی اس کے نگہبان ہیں‬
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 Second


Translations and Interpretations
Translated in more than 100 Languages
 Third

Phase
Phase
E Sources
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Surat Al Alaq was first surah
but placed as 96.
 Surat Al Mudassar was second surah
but placed as 74.
 Surat Al Muzammil was third surah
But placed as 73.
 Surat Al Qalam was fourth surah
but placed as 68.
 Surat Al Akhlas was fifth surah
but placed as 1.

(1/96)
(2/74)
(3/73)
(4/68)
(5/1)
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The verses however, were written on separate
pieces, scrapes of leather, thin flat stones,
leaflets, palm branches, shoulder blades, etc
 After the demise of the prophet, Abu Bakr (r.a.),
ordered that the Qur’an be copied from the
various different materials on to a common
material and place, which was in the shape of
sheets
 These were tied with strings so that nothing of
the compilation was lost

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Hazrat Usman (R.A.) borrowed the original
manuscript of the Qur’an, which was authorized
by the beloved Prophet (pbuh), from Hafsha (may
Allah be pleased with her
 Hazrat Usman (R.A) ordered four Companions who
were among the scribes who wrote the Qur’an
when the Prophet dictated it, led by Zaid bin
Sabit (R.A) to rewrite the script in several perfect
copies. These were sent by Usman (R.A.) to the
main centres of Muslims.
 Two such copies of the copied text of the original
Qur’an authenticated by the Prophet are present
to this day, one at the museum in Tashkent in
erstwhile Soviet Union and the other at the
Topkapi Museum in Istanbul, Turkey

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The original manuscript of the Qur’an does not have
the signs indicating the vowels in Arabic script
 These vowels are known as tashkil, zabar, zair, paish
in Urdu and as fatah, damma and qasra in Arabic
 The Arabs did not require the vowel signs and
diacritical marks for correct pronunciation of the
Qur’an since it was their mother tongue
 For Muslims of non-Arab origin, however, it was
difficult to recite the Qur’an correctly without the
vowels
 These marks were introduced into the Quranic script
during the time of the fifth ‘Umayyad’ Caliph, Malikar-Marwan (66-86 Hijri/685-705 C.E.) and during the
governorship of Al-Hajaj in Iraq

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Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) himself supervised
and authenticated the written texts of
the Qur’an
 Order and sequence of Qur’an divinely inspired
 Qur’an copied on one common material
 Usman (RA) made copies of the Qur’an from the
original manuscript
 Diacritical marks were added for non-Arabs
 Allah Himself has promised to guard the Qur’an

Allah has promised in the Qur’an :
 "We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will
assuredly Guard it (from corruption)." [Al- Hijr 15:9]

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1.To strengthen the heart of Prophet
Muhammad -may blessings and peace be
upon him-.

Allah decreed: “And those who disbelieve say,
“Why was the Qur’an not revealed to him all at
once?” Thus [it is] that We may strengthen
thereby your heart. And We have spaced it
distinctly (recited it with distinct recitation).”
(Al Furqaan/The Criterian: 32)
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 2.
Because by the gradual revelation, which
was appropriating
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


the event,
condition,
situation occurred at that time
to be strongly recorded in mind and heart
and leave a deeper impression for one who
received it (Muhammad) and for one to who it
was preached
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 The
coming of the angel to him will also be
more frequently, thus psychologically renew
his spirits in carrying out the teaching he was
obliged to.
 He (Muhammad -may blessings and peace be
upon him-) must be very happy by the visits,
which was hard to expressed. And because of
this, the best moment in the month of
Ramadan, is due to his reunion with the
angel Gabriel
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 2.
who refused to believe in Qur’an, since
they thought that it was curious for a Holy
Book to be revealed gradually
 Hence, Allah challenged them to create just
a single soorah that comparable to it
 In fact, the weren’t able to create even a
single soorah that comparable to Qur’an,
moreover a whole book of it
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 3.
To make it easier to be understood and
memorized.


the gradual revelation of the Qur’an, mankind
was easier to memorize it, and to understand it’s
meaning, particularly for illiterate people as the
Arabs at that time
And once the verses of Qur’an revealed, they
were directly memorized, understood, and
practiced by the companions in their daily life.
That is why, Umar Ibn Khattab RA once said,

“Learn the Qur’an five verses to five verses. Because
(angel) Gabriel used to bring down the Qur’an to the
Prophet -may blessings and peace be upon him-, five
verses to five verses.” (Collected by Baihaqi)
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 4.
To make the Muslims enthusiast in
receiving the teaching of Qur’an, and to
make them zealous in practicing it


By gradual revelation, Muslims at that time were
always expecting it, and missing the time of
revelation of The verses
Particularly at the time they most need of it,
such as the verses told about the false
accusations from the hypocrites to the mother of
the believers, Aisha, and verses explained about
li’an
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 5.
To accompany to events happened among
Muslims at that time, and to gradually
establish the rulings for specific matters
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 The
Qur’an started to be revealed gradually:
from the most important matters, followed
by the lower priorities in urgency.
 Since the most essential matter in Islam is
faith, then the first thing prioritized to be
explained and revealed through Qur’an were
about the faith in Allah, His angels, His
books, His messengers, the Hour, the
resurrection, and the heaven and the
hellfire.
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 After
the Islamic beliefs grew and rooted
strongly inside their hearts, that was the
time Allah sent down the verses urged them
to perform noble deeds, and prevented them
from doing evil and wicked actions, to
extinct the evildoings and damages to their
roots
 Also the verses explained about the legal
and illegal in foods, beverages, properties,
honors, blood/murders, etc.
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
Examples
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As Allah decreed:


“Say, “Come, I will explain what your Lord has prohibited to you. [He
commands] that you not associate anything with him, and to parents,
good treatment, and do not kill your children out of poverty; We will
provide for you and them.” (Al An’am,/The Cattle: 152)
After that, the verses detailed about the rulings came in
Medina, such as verse about the prohibition of usury and
the legal state of trading. About adultery, was also
prohibited in Mecca, in the verse of:


Soorah Al An’am (The Cattle) is termed soorah makkiya, because it was
revealed while the prophet was still in Mecca. The contents explained
much upon faith, beliefs, tawheed (oneness of Allah), the danger of
shirk, and the legal or illegal ones.
“And do not approach unlawful relations. Indeed, it is ever an
immorality and is evil as away.” (Al Isra’/The night journey:32)
But the verses explained the details of punishment for
the adulteress came in Medina afterward.
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 Upon
the prohibition of khamr (alcoholic
drugs). The first verse to come was the
verse of:

“And from fruits of the palm trees and the
grapevines you take an intoxicant and good
provisions…” (An Nahl/The Bee: 67)
 After

that, came the verse of:
“They ask you about wine and gambling. Say,
“In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit
for people. But their sin is greater than their
benefit.” (Al Baqara/The Cow: 219)
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
In that verse, it was stated that the wine has
some temporary benefits for mankind, but it’s
danger is larger in effects toward their body; it
could deteriorate their minds, it was a waste for
their wealth, and could lead to various problems
of crime and evil among society. After that
verse, came the strict verse prohibited the drunk
from performing prayers.
 “O you who have believed, do not approach
prayer while you are intoxicated until you
know what you are saying.” (An Nisaa’/The
Women: 43)
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 After
they acknowledged and recognized
that drunk while praying was prohibited,
then the stricter verse was revealed:

“O you who have believed, indeed intoxicants,
gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other
than Allah] and divining arrows are but
defilement from the work of satan, so avoid it
that you may be successful.” (Al Maida/The
Table Spread: 90)
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 Thus,
the Qur’an was revealed properly
according to the events surrounded Muslims
life, along with their long and historical
strives to establish the religion of Allah on
His earth. And the verses were endlessly
supporting and motivating them through
their struggles
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Wisdom of Gradual Revelation of Holy Quran