ROUND ONE PRESIDENTS 25 - 44 • 6 points • I had an extraordinary rise in politics. Within 2 years and 170 days, I rose from a citizen who had never held public office to President of the United States. 4 points The Federal Reserve Banking system was set up under my presidency. I worked to end child labor. 2 points World War I was fought during my presidency. #28 Woodrow Wilson 6 points My son died of blood poisoning that developed from a blister on his toe. I said “When he went the glory of the presidency went with him”. I would answer reporters questions only in writing. 4 points I was sworn in as president by a notary public but later had a second ceremony as some questioned the legality of the first. One observer on my becoming president: “it was as if a bowl of field flowers had replaced an ashtray full of cigars”. 2 points My nickname was “Silent”. The decade in which I was president “roared” in but “crashed” out. 6 points I called my program the “New Republicanism”. I stated “…outer space should be used only for peaceful purposes. We face a decisive moment in history in relation to this matter. Both the Soviet Union and the US are now using outer space for the testing of missiles designed for military purposes. The time to stop is now. 4 points During my 2 terms the laser was invented and Hawaii and Alaska became the 49th and 50th states. I enjoyed painting as well as golf. 2 points Born in the Lone Star State, I died at the Walter Reed Army Hospital. 6 points I sent a message that circled the globe and returned to me in 12 minutes thanks to cables across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. I also sent the “White Fleet” of warships around the world as a show of US Naval strength. 4 points I helped negotiate the Treaty of Portsmouth. My home at Saga more Hill featured a den of trophies. My son Quentin was killed in World War I. 2 points I resigned my post as assistant secretary of the navy to enlist as a soldier in the Spanish American war. 6 points During my administration, the US went from a creditor to a debtor nation, owing more money than any country in the history of the world. The country ran up a trillion dollar Federal debt. During my second term, my former aide, Michael Deader, was convicted of lying to Congress. 4 points For my first election, I defeated the incumbent President. For my second I defeated the VicePresident of my predecessor. During my presidency, the Vietnam Memorial was dedicated in the nation’s capital. 2 points I wore number 33 when I played guard for my college’s “Golden Tornadoes”. As President, I liked to munch on jelly beans. 6 points When I was still a toddler, my family moved to a state far away from the state of my birth. My little sister Robin soon died from childhood leukemia. 4 points Following in the footsteps of my father and grandfather, I attended s prep schools in several states. I went on to obtain degrees from 2 different Ivy League colleges. 2 points I defeated my Democratic opponent for president in what is probably the most controversial election in history. It took a 5-4 Supreme Court ruling to finalize the results. 6 points During my presidency both houses of Congress investigated the CIA and the FBI. I proposed a sweeping reform of both agencies. I appointed as Director of the CIA a man who would later become president. 4 points I was born west of the Mississippi. My successor was from the opposite party. 2 points Alex Haley published his novel Roots which later turned into a television miniseries. The former president of the Teamsters Union, Jimmy Hoffa, was reported missing. No trace of him has ever been found. 6 points The first broadcast from KDKA in Pittsburgh, the first commercially licensed radio station in the nation, was an announcement of my election victory. Both vice presidential candidates in this election later became presidents. 4 points I died in a state different from the one in which I was born and attended college. During WWI I had an affair with a woman who was a German sympathizer. I invented the phrase “The Founding Fathers”. 2 points Theodore Roosevelt’s daughter visited the White House and found “a table piled with cards and rows of poker chips, trays with tall glasses and every imaginable brand of whiskey. The air was rancid with cigar smoke…” I “was not a bad man” she concluded; I “was just a slob”. 6 points At age 2 I nearly died of croup. Fortunately my uncle, a doctor, revived me. I was six when my father, a blacksmith, died and nine when my mother passed away. I ended up living with the uncle who had saved my life. 4 points My wife formed the women’s Division of the National Amateur Athletic Federation when I was secretary of commerce. She opposed competitive sports as undemocratic and opposed women’s participation in Olympic Games. While living in China early in our marriage, she became proficient in Chinese. In fact, she and I sometimes conversed in Chinese to foil eavesdroppers. 2 points I served as an economic advisor to President Wilson at the Versailles Peace Conference. During my victorious run for the presidency, I refused to make an issue of the fact that my Democratic opponent was a Roman Catholic. Round Two • Presidents 25 - 44 6 Points Congress created the Tariff Board to investigate the tariff rates and Postal Savings System and parcel post during my presidency. I asked my Cabinet members and their staffs to submit detailed reports of their financial needs. 4 points When I became president my administration took charge of the building of the Panama Canal. 22 Civil suits and 45 criminal indictments were brought under the anti trust laws. 2 points I twice refused an appointment to the Supreme Court. I was 6 ‘ 2” tall but am not known for my height. 6 points Soon after entering office, I had to deal with the worst crisis in the savings and loan industry since the Great Depression. More than 1000 savings and loan institutions had failed, and hundreds more neared bankruptcy. I proposed legislation to rescue and restructure the savings and loan industry, and the US government committed billions of dollars to fund the bailout. 4 points When I took office as president, one of my majors concerns was drug traffic. I presented a Federal strategy for reducing the use of illegal drugs in the US. The strategy included a recommendation for stronger law enforcement efforts against drug abusers and outlined ways to reduce the production and trafficking of illegal drugs. 2 points I took bold military action in Central America by ordering US troops into Panama to overthrow the dictatorship of General Manuel Noriega. 6 points I called my administration a “new covenant” between citizens and government. I gained only 43% of the popular vote when I was elected to the White House. 4 points Many of my ideas as president were shot down by Congress. Twice my appointments to the position of attorney general failed because of a scandal that became known as “Nanny Gate”. I was the first president of my party in nearly 50 years who did not have at least one of the two houses of Congress controlled by his own party. 2 points I turned down a music scholarship to Louisiana State University; instead I went to a university of my native state. I later taught at that university’s law school. 6 points I became the youngest Senate Majority Leader in history. I was awarded the silver star during WWII for having been a passenger on board a B-26 hit by Japanese bullets. 4 points As a young Congressman I idolized Franklin Roosevelt. When FDR died, I said, “There are plenty of us left here to try and run interference, but the man who carried the ball is gone.” I became the first president to ride in an armor-plated presidential limousine. 2 points I won my first term as senator by 87 votes. This caused the press to nickname me “Landslide”. 6 points Nine days after becoming president I recommended the return of beer sales across the country. Much later I created the secret Map Room on the ground floor of the White House in what had been a trophy room, a small area for official gifts to the First Couple. During my second term Congress air-conditioned the Capitol Building. 4 points “This generation of Americans has a rendezvous with destiny” I said during my first term. I was often pictured with my outlandish cigarette holder at a rakish angle, a symbol of my confidence. I created the modern Federal Government, big departments in huge gray buildings sprawled across the capital. 2 points I did “hydro-gymnastics” at “The Little White House” in Warm Springs, GA to strengthen my legs. Due to world conditions and my frail health, my last inauguration took place on the South Portico of the White House. I delivered a 6 minute address and the entire ceremony was over in 15 minutes. 6 points There is a town of the US with the same name as every president except me. I presided at the ground-breaking ceremonies for the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City. I clashed with Arkansas Governor Orville Faubus. 4 points I am one of two presidents born in my home state. However I attended college and died in a different part of the country. 2 points After my presidency, I spoke of my appointment of Earl Warren as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. “That was the biggest damn-fool mistake I ever made.” My golf shoes made holes in the cork floor of the Oval Office. 6 points I served less than two terms as president. I was of a different party of my successor. I impressed people as being plain, simple, unpretentious, and down to earth and they had no great expectations for my presidency. 4 points During my presidency the White House architect reported that the second floor was about to collapse. Congress appropriated $5,400,000 to renovate the building. Eventually nearly 7 million was spent on the project. 2 points I was the first president whose State of the Union address was televised. It was shown on 5 stations in the afternoon. I was also the first presidential candidate to buy television time for a campaign speech. I appointed David Lillianthal as the first chairman of the Atomic Energy commission. 6 points At my inauguration, Robert Frost read a poem he had written for the occasion. The guests at the Inaugural Ball included Milton Berle, Nat “King” Cole, Mahalia Jackson, Laurence Olivier, and Leonard Bernstein. I never lost an election. 4 points I attended college in the state in which I was born but died in a different state. I succeeded a president of the opposite party. 2 points My father, while ambassador to Great Britain, opposed Franklin Roosevelt’s bid for a third term. I came from a family of nine children. My older brother, Joe, was killed while flying a mission in Germany in WWII. 6 points The first “test-tube” baby, Louise Brown, was born in England. The program “Dallas” began its long run on television. 4 points My wife had regular “working lunches” with me. In 1991 I visited China to lecture at the Foreign Affairs College. 2 points I said in a televised speech that the nation suffered from a “crisis of confidence that strikes at the very heart and soul and spirit of our national will.” This lack of confidence was a leading cause for my defeat for reelection. ROUND 3 25 - 44 6 points During my second campaign for president, I was interviewed by Mike Wallace for the “60 Minutes” television program. When elected President, I offered Mike a job as White House Press Secretary. He decided to stay with 60 Minutes. My daughter Tricia conducted the first televised tour of the family quarters upstairs in the White House for “60 Minutes”. 4 points The Senate rejected my nomination of G. Harold Carswell to the Supreme Court. The Consumer Product Safety Commission was empowered to ban unsafe products from the market place. 2 points Barry Goldwater, a fellow Republican, wrote of me: “He was the most dishonest individual I ever met in my life.” Nevertheless, I won reelection by a vote of 520 – 17. 6 points I signed the legislation authorizing the raising of the battleship “Maine” in Havana harbor. I was chairman of the American Polish Relief Committee during WWI. 4 points My wife Helen vetoed cabinet appointments, attended important meetings, and walked into private conferences unannounced. 2 points I did not want to be president. I confessed that, when anyone said “Mr. President” I looked around for my predecessor. Caught between the Old Guard conservatives and the Progressives in my party, I tended to side with the Old Guard. This angered my predecessor. 6 point I hated the name by which I am most often known to history. No one but a stranger ever dared to use it to my face. Yet that’s the name that crowds called out on the campaign trail. During my presidency, the Boer War in South Africa was settled and Thomas Edison patented the motion picture camara. 4 point My oldest daughter, Alice, married Nicholas Longworth, a wealthy Republican Congressman from Ohio. Alice lived a long life in Washington, she attended the McCarthy hearings in the 1950s. Alice was my only child by my first wife. 2 point When first asked, I insisted I was not interested in the vice presidency. I had irritated my fellow Republicans by my actions as governor. For example, I fired the superintendent of insurance because he was too connected to the industry he was supervising. Between the end of my term as governor and my inauguration as vice president, I went to the mountains of Colorado to hunt mountain lion and bear. • 6 point I was known for my great speaking abilities. I worked at several jobs that utilized this and other talents. Politics was my second career. I won 489 electoral votes in my first bid for president against an incumbent president. 4 point I left office as one of the most popular presidents in our nation’s history. My administration was accused of shipping guns to Iran. My wife was very stylish. She lavishly decorated and entertained during my two terms in office. 2 point After retirement, my wife and I returned to our ranch where I suffered from Alzheimer’s disease. My wife Nancy became active in raising funds for research for a cure. 6 point Prior to the presidency, I had been my party’s “Whip” in the Senate. While I was in the White House, the Beatles first appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show. My favorite dishes were tapioca and chili. No matter how old you were, I liked to call you “boy” just to upset you. 4 point A great mimic, I was especially good at imitating Bobby Kennedy. My daughter Lynda dated the actor, George Hamilton. I was often naked around the White House, even in the presence of women. Hubert Humphrey and I celebrated our landslide election victory at a barbeque at my ranch. I won with 61.1% of the popular vote, the largest in history. 2 point When I became Senate majority leader, my wife Lady Bird said she “got really annoyed with myself for being so shy and quiet.” So she took speech lessons. When asked why I couldn’t pull out of Vietnam, I replied, “I’m not going to be the first American president to lose a war.” 6 point I had solar panels installed on the White House roof to save energy by heating hot water. I also got rid of the Sequoia, the presidential yacht that had been used by presidents since the 1920s. I also took 180 television sets out of the White House. My wife’s first name was Eleanor, but she preferred and used her middle name. 4 point My effort to show I was a man of the people extended to carrying my own luggage when traveling. My daughter Amy was allowed to come to state dinner; however, she brought a book to read to get through the boring conversation and speeches. My wife wore the same dress at the presidential inauguration that she wore at my inauguration as governor. 2 point For dessert, my wife and I liked peach cobbler, fitting for people from the “Peach State.” Just before the Gulf War, years after leaving the White House, I wrote letters to the heads of state of the United Nations Security Council members and to Arab heads of state pleading with them to abandon Bush’s coalition against Hussein. Later on, I admitted my tactics were “not appropriate”. 6 point I spent much of a year traveling abroad to solidify my foreign policy credentials prior to running for the presidency. My only crisis during my campaign involved the pastor of my church. 4 point Among my promises if elected was to “end dependency on oil from the Middle East, cut taxes for 95% of working families, and put through a health care plan”. 2 points My nickname is “Barry”. My parents had a interracial marriage and I was born in Hawaii. I earned degrees from Columbia University and Harvard Law School. 6 point During my presidency, Russian Foreign Minister Molotov spoke against American foreign policy before the United Nations. After leaving office, I made an appearance on Edward R. Murrow’s “See It Now” television program. This was the first time a former president had spoken informally and at length before a large audience. 4 point As an ex-president, I was subpoenaed by the House Un-American Activities Committee to testify about the promotion of an alleged Communist in my administration. I claimed I could not be forced to testify under the dostrine of “Executive Privilege.” Although Constitutional authorities differed, public sympathy for my claim of Republican harassment led the Committee to drop the matter. 2 point During WWII, I headed the Senate War Investigating Committee checking into waste and corruption. My efforts saved the government millions of dollars and were a factor in my nomination as vice president. 6 point My first vice president had the nickname “Cactus Jack.” Fiorello LaGuardia served as Mayor of New York City, and the airport named after him was built. I appointed LaGuardia head of Civil Defense with my wife as co-director. 4 point Race riots broke out in Beaumont, Mobile, Los Angeles, and Detroit, with 34 deaths in Detroit. I threw a switch in Washington that turned on the lights at Crosley Field in Cincinnati for the first night baseball game in major league history. 2 point Eight days after my inauguration, I gave my first radio address, which was primarily intended to restore confidence in the banking system. 6 point My father was the first chairman of the Securities Exchange Commission. My fatherin-law was nicknamed “Black Jack”. My wife won horsemanship trophies as a child and teenager. 4 point I was from a different political party than my predecessor but the same party as my successor. 2 point The singer, Frank Sinatra, produced my inaugural ball. Actor Peter Lawford was my brother-inlaw. My administration was referred to as “Camelot”. 6 point My opponents referred to me as “Peck’s Bad Boy, “ the name of a cartoon character of the time. This was because of three trips I made to Bermuda to stay at the home of Mrs. Thomas Peck. There were also letters I wrote to Mrs. Peck, who was divorced. Both my wife and I swore that Mrs. Peck was only a friend and the trips to Bermuda were advised by a doctor. 4 point During my second term, I had to deal with “unrestricted submarine warfare”. Some have called my second wife the first woman president. 2 point I asked Congress to declare war on Germany so the US could help make the world “safe for democracy.” 6 point I was the only live president to have my image on a coin. I was president during most of the decade known as the “Jazz Age.” 4 point I took my first oath as president on my mother’s Bible. 2 point Gene Tunney defeated Jack Dempsey for the heavyweight boxing championship. Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic.