When I say figuratively and not
literally!
“I think I just dodged a bullet!”
Figurative Language is usually used in poetry.
Writers use it to make their
poems more lively!
• ALLITERATION
• ONOMATOPOEIA
• METAPHOR
• HYPERBOLE
• PERSONIFICATION
• SIMILE
1. ALLITERATION
•The repetition of the
same or similar sounds
at the beginnings of
words.
2. ONOMATOPOEIA
•A figure of speech in
which words are used to
imitate sounds such as
buzz and hiss.
3. METAPHOR
•A figure of speech in
which two things are
compared, usually by
saying one thing is
another.
He was a lion in battle.
The world’s a stage.
4. HYPERBOLE
•A figure of speech in
which deliberate
exaggeration is used for
emphasis.
5. PERSONIFICATION
•A figure of speech in
which nonhuman things
or abstract ideas are
given human attributes.
6. SIMILE
•A figure of speech in
which two things are
compared using the
word “like” or “as.”
TYPES OF POEMS
1. ACROSTIC POEM
•Verses or arrangements
of words where certain
words, such as the first
and last letter is used to
spell out a word or
name.
2. CONCRETE POEM
•A poem that forms a
picture of the topic or
follows the contours of a
shape that is suggested
in the topic.
3. BALLAD POEM
•A poem that tells a
story similar to a folk
tale or legend.
4. RHYME POEM
•The repetition of similar
consonant sounds,
especially at the ends of
words, as in last and
past.
5. EPIC POEM
•A long, serious
poem that tells the
story of a heroic
figure.
6. FREE VERSE POEM
•Poetry composed of
either rhymed or
unrhymed lines that
have no set meter.
7. CINQUAIN POEM
•A poem that has 5 lines in
which line 1 has a noun, line
2 has 2 adjectives, line 3 has
action words, line 4 is based
on feeling (phrases), and
line 5 is a synonym of the
title.
8. ODE POEM
•A lyric poem that is
serious and thoughtful
in tone and has a very
precise, formal
structure.
9. LIMERICK POEM
•A light, humorous
poem of 5 lines with
the rhyme scheme
of aabba.
10. COLOR POEM
•A poem that
describes a color.
11. HAIKU POEM
•A Japanese lyric poem
that has 3 unrhymed
lines of 5,7, and 5
syllables and involves
nature or seasons.