CANKAYA UNIVERSITY
OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES
-ENGLISH UNIT-
CAUSE EFFECT ESSAY
In cause effect essays you explain the causes and
effects of someting.
You need to identify and differentiate between the
reasons and results so that you can write a good
cause effect essay.
CAUSE EFFECT ESSAY
Practice 1: Identifiying Causes and Effects p.58
For each topic write C if the item is cause, E if it is an
effect, and CE if it is both
Practice 1: p.58
1 miscommunication --- causes(C) : speaking a different
language, not hearing, not paying attention
Effects(E): losing job, feeling embarrassed
Neither (X): sending an e mail
2. fast communication--- causes(C): carrying cell phone, using email, text messaging
Both Cause and effect(CE): being connected all the time
Effect(E): feeling pressured
Neither(X): hating being alone
3. learning another language: causes(C): falling in love
Both Cause and effect(CE):reading books, communicating with
foreigners, conducting business, finding a job, travelling
PRACTICE 2, P. 58
Determine causes and effects in the
situations and decide whether the
relationship is valid (reasonable)
ANSWERS
1
2
3
4
5
6
cause
enough sunlight and
water
Living in japan
Exam’s difficulty
Major stole money
effect
growing
relationship
valid
Learning Japanese
Faling
No money for
language classes
Icelandic lang. Hasn’t Children can read
changed much
ancient text
valid
Valid
Not valid
Both her parents
speak Russian
Not Valid
Nadia speaks
Russian
Valid
RELATING EFFECTS TO CAUSES
Find the irrelevant cause(sentence).
Bus strikes can disrupt the lives of residents in a city.
When buses are on strike, many people are forced to
find alternative means of transportation. Some may
take taxis. However during a strike it is often difficult
to get a taxi. Other riders may create car pools to deal
with inconvenience. Another effect is that public effect
is that public transportation can be very expensive.
The worst effect is when workers cannot get to lose
their jobs and lose much needed income.
RELATING EFFECTS TO CAUSES
Find the irrelevant cause(sentence).
Bus strikes can disrupt the lives of residents in a city.
When buses are on strike, many people are forced to
find alternative means of transportation. Some may
take taxis. However during a strike it is often difficult
to get a taxi. Other riders may create car pools to deal
with inconvenience. Another effect is that public effect
is that public transportation can be very expensive.
The worst effect is when workers cannot get to lose
their jobs and lose much needed income.
IDENTIFYING RELATED EVENTS P. 59
2. c
3. a
4. c
5. a
CAUSE CONNECTORS
Because/since the traffic was heavy, we were late
Dependent clause
independent clause
for the class.
We were late for the class because/since the traffic was
heavy.
CAUSE CONNECTORS
Due to
Because of
+ Noun phrase, sentence
As a result of
Due to heavy traffic, we were late for class.
EXERCISES 4 & 5 P. 61
2. People are living longer since they are ....
3. Because orchestras are trying to attract a younger audience, reduced
rates .....
4. more and more individuals are practicing yoga, since research ....
Exercise 5: p.61
2. as a result of high pollen count, my allergies are....
3. because of the excellence of my work/ my excellent work, I received ....
4. due to the destructive fire, the building ....
EFFECT CONNECTORS
therefore
Cause + ; as a result
+ effect
consequently
I studied all weekend for the test; as a result I got an
AA.
EXERCISE 6: P. 62
2. The fire caused major damage to the school
auditorium. Consequently, we will....
3. The Great Depression was devastating; as a result,
many farmers ...
4. airlines have cut back services; as a result, flights no
longer.....
5. the reviews were great; therefore, the theatre.....
PRACTICE 8: P. 64
1. Playing sports after school is good for children. Consequently, it promotes
a sense of teamwork.
Playing sports after school promotes a sense of teamwork, so it is good
for children.
Due to its promoting a sense of teamwork, playing sports after school is
good for children.
2. Teenagers sometimes lie to their parents. As a result of this, they don’t
want to be punished.
As teenagers sometimes lie to their parents, they don’t want to be
punished.
Teenagers don’t want to be punished because of lying to their parents.
3. Since the decision to have a baby is very important, it should be given a
lot of thought.
Due to the importance of the decision to have a baby, it should be given a
lot of thought.
The decision to have a baby is very important, so it should be given a lot
of thought.
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In cause effect essays you explain the causes and effects